ALCOLEA (Heb. אלקוליא) De Cinca, town in Aragon. In 1320 the infante Alfonso gave special privileges to Jews settling there. They were exempt from taxation other than a substantial house tax. Problems regarding the communal taxes are discussed (c. 1380) in the responsa of R. *Isaac b. Sheshet. Isaac, son of R. Vidal de Tolosa, who lived in Alcolea, disputed the assessment and was denounced to the countess. The community broke up in 1414 in the aftermath of the disputation of *Tortosa.
Baer, Spain, 2 (1966), 83; Baer, Studien, 146, 189 ff.; del Arco, in: Sefarad, 7 (1947), 281.
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.