(1864 - 1921)
Alfred Fried was born on November 11, 1864 in Vienna,
Austria. Fried dropped out of school at age fifteen to work in a
bookstore. Fried was always fascinated by books and writing. In 1887,
he moved to Berlin, Germany and opened his own printing press. It was there in Berlin that Fried
became a steadfast pacifist and befriended Bertha von Suttner. Together
they launched the magazine, Die Waffen nieder! (Lay Down Your
Arms!), from 1899 titled Die Friedenswarte (The Peacekeeper).
Fried became known for advocating “fundamental pacifism,”
peace as the ultimate solution. It was within these publications that
Fried wrote countless articles calling for peace and harmony among nations.
In his struggle for pacifism in Germany, he co-founded
the Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft, the German peace movement.
Fried is considered to be one of the first people to promote the idea
of a worldwide peace organization (a few years later this inspiration
would develop into the League of Nations). Fried was also a member of
the Bern Peace Bureau and secretary of the International Coalition of
Central Europe. It was after the Hague Peace Conference of 1899 that
Fried began to fully comprehend the importance of obtaining peace through
economic and political cooperation.
Fried was also a prominent member of the Esperanto
movement. The movement formulated the idea of creating a universal second
language, Esperanto. This way everyone in the world could correspond
and spread international appreciation for other cultures.
At the outbreak of World War I, Fried moved to Switzerland (a neutral country during World War II) in protest of German war policies.
Throughout the war he continuously worked for an end to the conflict.
After the war, Fried returned to his beloved Austria to continue writing
and advocating international peace. Fried died in Vienna on May 5, 1921.
In 1911, Alfred Fried received the Nobel
Peace Prize along with Tobias
Fried Biography” ; Wikipedia