Tobias Michael Carel Asser
(1838 - 1913)
Tobias Michael Carel Asser (known as T.M.C. Asser) was a Jewish Dutch lawyer and co-recipient of the 1911 Nobel Prize for World Peace.
Asser was from a famous Dutch
family which produced a long line of lawyers. From 1862 he took part
in many international congresses in the field of international law.
In 1868, together with Rolin Jaquemyns and John Westlake he commenced
the `Revue de droit international et de législation comparée'.
Between 1862 and 1893 he was Professor of civil law, commercial law
and private international law at the University of Amsterdam. In 1893
he became a member of the Dutch Council of State.
His efforts towards the codification of public
international law and the harmonization of private international law
were to establish him as an eminent and distinguished lawyer. In 1873
he was also one of the founders of the `Institut de droit
international', Ghent, Belgium.
Together with Alfred
Hermann Fried (1864-1921), an
Austrian journalist and well-known pacifist who was the founder of
the peace journal 'Die Friedenswarte,' Asser received the Nobel
Peace Prize in 1911, for his devoted work in establishing the
Permanent Court of Arbitration during the first Hague Peace
Conference of 1899.
Judged by the ambitiousness and the scope of the
academic activities to which the Institute has committed itself, it
may well be said to have adopted, along with T.M.C. Asser's name,
some of the optimism and confidence of his days and some of that
spirit of internationalism he represented.
|1862 - 1877
|Professor in Civil Law (University
|1877 - 1893
|Professor in Commercial and
(University of Amsterdam)
|1888 - 1895
|Member and from 1898 President of
the `Staatscommissie voor het Internationaal Privaatrecht'
[State Advisory Committee for Public International Law]
|Legal advisor Ministry of Foreign
|Member of the Council of State