(1961 - )
Barack Obama is the fourty-fourth President of the
Obama (born August 4, 1961) was born in Honolulu, Hawaii to Barack Sr. and Ann (Dunham) who had met while studying at the University of Hawaii. Barack Sr., born and raised in Kenya, had won a scholarship to attend the university while Ann, who had been born in Kansas, moved to the state with her parents following World War II.
Barack’s father eventually returned to Kenya,
and he remained with his mother in Hawaii. The two lived for a few years in Indonesia, and later as a teenager, Barack moved to New York, where
he graduated from Columbia University in 1983.
In 1985, Obama moved to Chicago, Illinois where he worked as a organizer to help rebuild communities
hurt by the closure of steel plants. In 1991, Obama earned his law degree from Harvard
Law School and became the first African-American president of the Harvard
After graduation, he returned to Chicago to lead one of
the most successful voter registration drives in Illinois state history, and went on to practice civil rights law and teach constitutional
law at the University of Chicago. His advocacy work led him to run for
the Illinois State Senate, where
he served for eight years beginning in 1996.
In the Illinois State Senate, Obama helped create programs
like the state Earned Income Tax Credit - providing over $100 million
in tax cuts to families across Illinois - and
he also passed an expansion of early childhood education. In addition, he
passed the first major ethics reform in 25 years.
In 2004, Obama became the third African-American since
Reconstruction to be elected to the U.S.
Senate. Together with Senator Tom Coburn [R-OK], Obama passed his first law in 2004 - a measure
to allow Americans the access
to see where every dime of their tax dollars is spent. As a member of the Veterans’ Affairs Committee,
Obama fought to help Illinois veterans get the disability pay they were promised, while working to
prepare the Department of Veterans Affairs for the return of the thousands
of veterans who will need care after having served in Iraq and Afghanistan.
On November 4, 2008, Obama was elected 44th
President of the United States, defeating Republican nominee John McCain, and he was inaugurated in January 2009 at one of the largest ceremonies in history. One of the signature accomplishments of his first term
was passing the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) that helped make quality
health care accessible to many more Americans. In addition, President
Obama ended the war in Afghanistan and passed significant reforms to Wall
On November 6, 2012, Obama was re-elected for a second
term, narrowly winning over Republican challenger Mitt Romney.
Obama is married to Michelle and has two daughters - Malia and Sasha.
for America; Washington
Post (November 7, 2012)