(1890 - 1967)
Hermann Joseph Muller is a Jewish American scientist who was awarded the 1946 Nobel Prize in Medicine.
born in New York City and attended Columbia
University, earning his B.A. in 1910 and
his Ph.D. in 1916. A student of Thomas Hunt
Morgan, he taught at Rice Institute in Texas from 1915 until 1918, at Columbia from 1918
until 1920, and at the University of Texas
from 1920 until 1932, when he moved to Germany. Muller later moved to Moscow where he
became senior geneticist of the Institute
of Genetics in Moscow, where he remained
until 1937. He then moved to Edinburgh.
1945, he became professor of zoology at Indiana
University. His method for recognizing spontaneous
gene mutation led to his discovery of a technique
for artificially inducing mutations by means
of X rays that has since had broad theoretical
and practical application. For this discovery
he was awarded the 1946 Nobel
Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
died on April 5, 1967.
Sources: Wikipedia; Nobel.org