Luiz Martins de Souza Dantas
Luiz Martins de Souza Dantas, born in Rio de Janeiro in 1876, was a Brazilian diplomat who illegally granted Brazilian diplomatic visas to hundreds of Jews in France during the Holocaust, saving them from certain death.
In recognition of his having saved Jews from perishing in the Holocaust at great personal risk, the Committee for the Righteous Among the Nations recognized Luiz Martins de Souza Dantas as a Righteous Among the Nations in a ceremony held December 10, 2003, at Yad Vashem. Among the participants were Brazilian Ambassador Sergio Moreira Lima; a Holocaust survivor saved by Dantas, Raphael Zimetbaum; Director General of Yad Vashem, Iishai Amrami; and members of the Committee for the Righteous Among the Nations. Dantas’ Righteous Among the Nations certificate and medallion was entrusted to Israel’s ambassador to Brazil, who presented it to the Dantas family at an official ceremony in Brazil.
Dantas served as Brazil’s ambassador to France during the Nazi occupation of Europe. In 1940, Dantas requested and received permission from the Brazilian foreign minister to issue immigration visas to a limited number of French citizens. Despite Brazil’s ban on immigration of Jews, he granted diplomatic visas to hundreds of Jews seeking to escape the Vichy regime, while taking great care to cover all evidence of their Jewishness.
Dantas often forged the issue dates of the diplomatic visas, in order to predate the subsequent ban on their use.
Dantas was fully aware of the severe illegality of his actions, and he did not request any compensation for the forgeries. In 1941, Dantas intervened to save a passenger ship carrying a large number of Jews with his forged visas. Prevented by the British naval blockade from landing in Senegal for four months, the Alsina was forced to land in Casablanca. Dantas arranged for the then-expired visas to be renewed, thus enabling the Jews to escape unharmed to Rio de Janeiro. Meanwhile, suspicions mounted against Dantas, and he was recalled to Brazil for disciplinary hearings. He was saved from trial by a technicality - namely, his status as a retiree during the period in which he forged the visas.
He died in Paris in 1954.
Sources: Yad Vashem