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American Polls:
Attitudes Toward the Peace Process

(2009 - 2014)


American Polls: Table of Contents | Toward the Middle East | Toward Israel


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In general, what role do you want to see the US play in mediating the conflict? (The Brookings Institution, December 2014)

Lean toward neither side 64%
Lean toward the Palestinians 4%
Lean toward the Israelis 31%
Refused to answer 0%

If a 2 state solution is not possible, which of the following statements do you agree with more? (The Brookings Institution, December 2014)

I favor Israel's democracy more than it's Jewishness.  I support a single democratic state in which Arabs are equal to Jews.  71%
I support Israel's Jewishness more than it's democracy.  I support the continuation of Israel's Jewish majority even if it means that Palestinians will not have citizenship and full rights.  24%
Refused to answer 5%

Which of the following should the US support? (The Brookings Institution, December 2014)

Maintaining occupation of both the territories Israel has captured in 1967 and the Palestinians inhabbiting them indefinitely 14%
Israeli annexation of the Palestinian territory without equal citizenship 8%
A one state solution in which Israelis and Arabs share full equal citizenship, covering all of the current Israeli and Palestinian territories 34%
A 2 state solution based on pre-1967 borders, with an Israeli state and a Palestinian state existing side by side 39%
Refused to answer 4%

If a two state solution fails, would you personally favor a bi-national democratic state, or a state which deprives Palestinians of citizenship? (The University of Maryland, November 2014)

Bi-national, democratic state 71%
State that deprives Palestinians of citizenship 29%

Would you want our elected representatives in Washington to advocate for a single bi-national state with equal citizenship for Arabs and Jews as a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?  (The University of Maryland, November 2014)

Yes, Washington should push for a single bi-national state with equal citizenship for Israelis and Arabs as a solution to the conflict.  34%

As you may have heard, the Palestinian Authority and Hamas have announced that they will form a unity government. Please indicate which side you agree with more, even if neither is entirely right... (Paragon/The Israel Project, May 2-4, 2014)

Israel says that it cannot be expected to negotiate with a government or party that does not recognize its right to exist and seeks to destroy it 46%
The Palestinians say that a unity government of all Palestinians is the first step to lasting peace 18%

Following the announcement of the Palestinian unity government, peace tralks between the Israelis and Palestinians came to a halt. Each side has blamed the other for the negotiations stopping, please indicate which side you agree with more, even if neither is entirely right... (Paragon/The Israel Project, May 2-4, 2014)
A) Israeli statement: Israel says that it can no longer negotiate with the Palestinian Authority now that they are forming a unity government with Hamas. Prime Minister Netanyahu has said, "Does he [Abbas] want peace with Hamas or peace with Israel? You can have one but not the other. I hope he chooses peace."
B) Palestinian statement: The Palestinian Authority spokesperson for President Abbas says, "The choice of unifying the Palestinian people enforces peace, and there is no contradiction whatsoever between reconciliation and negotiations." The Palestinians declare that Israel which has stolen their land, destroyed their economy, and has pushed young Palestinians to become freedom fighters. Israel should return to the table and negotiate with the entire Palestinian people, including Hamas.

Israeli statement 48%
Palestinian statement 20%

Do you think there will or will not come a time when Israel and the Arab nations will be able to settle their differences and live in peace?

Gallup Yes, there will be a time No, there will not No Opinion
Feb 2014 33%    
Feb 2012 38%    
Feb 2011 38%    
Feb 2010
30%
   
Feb 2009
32%
   
2008 39%    
Feb. 2007 34% 63% 3%
Feb. 2006 32% 65% 2%
Feb. 2005 49% 48% 3%
Nov 2004 37% 60% 3%
June 2003* 38% 60% 2%
May 2003 51% 46% 3%
Apr 2002 36% 61% 3%
Feb 2002 37% 59% 4%
Aug. 2001 32% 64% 4%
Feb 2001 41% 56% 3%
Jan 2000 49% 45% 6%
July 1999 49% 47% 4%
Dec 1998 40% 56% 4%
Aug. 1997 36% 56% 8%

Over the past six months, do you think the situation between Israel and the Palestinians has improved, worsened or stayed about the same? (ADL, October 23, 2011)

 
2005
2007
2009
2011
Improved
39%
9%
5%
6%
Worsened
9%
20%
26%
27%
Stayed about the same
45%
59%
58%
58%

IF WORSENED, who do you think is primarily responsible for this chance, Israel or the Palestinians? (ADL, October 23, 2011)

 
2009
2011
Israel
22%
26%
Palestinians
51%
56%

In your opinion, how serious is Israel about wanting to reach a peace agreement with the Palestinians -- is it very serious, somewhat serious, not very serious, or not at all serious? (ADL, October 23, 2011)

 
2003
2005
2007
2009
2011
Very serious
25%
30%
22%
21%
25%
Total
70%
74%
65%
64%
63%

In your opinion, how serious are the Palestinian leaders about wanting to reach a peace agreement with Israel -- are they very serious, somewhat serious, not very serious, or not at all serious? (ADL, October 23, 2011)

 
2009
2011
Serious
37%
44%
Not Serious
50%
43%

Americans believe it is up to the Palestinians and the Israelis to negotiate the final terms of peace with minimal involvement from the United States. (ADL, October 23, 2011)

 
2005
2007
2009
2011
"Peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians will never take place without the continuing leadership and involvement of the U.S. government."
31%
30%
39%
27%
"It is up to the Palestinians and the Israelis to solve their own problems; any lasting peace agreement between them must be reached with minimal involvement from the U.S."
59%
60%
48%
64%

Which of these two statements is closest to your own view? (ADL, October 23, 2011)

 
2007
2009
2011
"The peace process will be strengthened by the creation of a Palestinian state as soon as possible."
26%
23%
22%
"A Palestinian state must not be established until Palestinians demonstrate a commitment to end violence and accept Israel's legitimacy."
52%
56%
58%

Americans agree that Israel and the Palestinians should engage in direct negotiations without any of the preconditions Palestinian leaders have demanded. (ADL, October 23, 2011)

Asked to choose, Americans supported direct negotiations between Israel and Palestinian leaders without prior agreements or preconditions.

"Israel and Palestinian leaders should engage in direct negotiations without any preconditions."
50%
"Israel should accept preconditions before direct negotiations take place."
30%

Support for direct negotiations without preconditions increased among Americans after learning it's a position the U.S. government backs .

"Israel and Palestinian leaders should engage in direct negotiations without any preconditions, a position the U.S. government supports."
55%
"Israel should accept preconditions before direct negotiations take place."
27%

Which statement is closest to your own view? (ADL, October 23, 2011)

"Because of the stalemate in the peace process between Israel and the Palestinians, the UN should vote to make Palestine an independent state."
28%
"Direct negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians are the only appropriate way to create a Palestinian state."
52%

Which of these next two statements is closest to your own view? (ADL, October 23, 2011)

"It is important for the U.S. to work with emerging Arab democracies like Tunisia and Egypt, even if it means weakening our strong relationship with Israel."
40%
"The U.S. has a moral and strategic obligation to keep our relationship with Israel strong, even if this means weakening our relationship with the Arab world."
39%

Who do you blame more for the failure to achieve a peace settlement in the Middle East - the Israelis, the Palestinians or both equally? (Quinnipiac University/The Israel Project, October 3, 2011)

 
Israelis
Palestinians
Both
GOP
3%
39%
53%
IND
7%
19%
68%
DEM
8%
9%
70%
Total
6%
22%
64%

Thinking about possible actions regarding the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians: (The Israel Project)

Some Palestinian leaders, like Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, have suggested that the Palestinians break the stalemate and unilaterally declare an independent Palestinian state without a signed peace treat with Israel. Would you support or oppose the Palestinians doing this?

 
April 2011
June 2011
Support
31%
25%
Oppose
51%
57%
Don't know/Refused to answer
18%
18%

Some Palestinian leaders, like Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas, have voiced an intention to seek recognition of a Palestinian state from the United Nations this September without a negotiated peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians. If this issue is brought up in the UN, should the U.S. government support or oppose the UN resolution recognizing a unilaterally declared Palestinian state without a peace agreement between the parties?

 
June 2011
Support
28%
Oppose
61%
Don't know/Refused to answer
11%

If the Palestinians do not sign a peace treaty with Israel, do you think the United States should recognize a unilaterally-declared Palestinian state?

 
April 2011
Yes
33%
No
54%
Don't know/Refused to answer
12%

With regards to the possible United Nations General Assembly vote to recognize a Palestinian state, which of the following statements do you agree with more? (The Israel Project, June 2011)

If the United Nations General Assembly votes to recognize a Palestinian state it will help strengthen the position of the Palestinian Authority and make an agreement with Israel more likely.
34%
If the United Nations General Assembly votes to recognize a Palestinian state without any negotiations between Israel and Palestinians, it will make an agreement with Israel less likely.
50%

With regards to the possible United Nations General Assembly vote to recognize a Palestinian state, which of the following statements do you agree with more? (The Israel Project, June 2011)

If the United Nations General Assembly votes to recognize a Palestinian state it will help pressure Israel to make helpful concessions and make peace easier to achieve.
31%
If the United Nations General Assembly votes to recognize a Palestinian state it will only harden extremists on both sides and make peace much harder to achieve.
57%

Which of the following statements do you agree with more? (The Israel Project, June 2011)

The conflict between Israel and the Palestinians is really about land. Once agreements are reached on how to divide Jerusalem and establishing borders, the two sides can achieve a peace agreement.
27%
The conflict between Israel and the Palestinians is about ideology and religion. The two sides can achieve a peace agreement only when they acknowledge each other's right to exist.
64%

Based on what you have recently seen, read or heard, how much of an effort is Israel making to achieve peace? (The Israel Project, April 2011)

A big effort
12%
Somewhat of an effort
49%
Not much of an effort
25%
No effort
4%
Don't know/Refused to answer
9%

Based on what you have recently seen, read or heard, how much of an effort are the Palestinians making to achieve peace? (The Israel Project, April 2011)

A big effort
2%
Somewhat of an effort
34%
Not much of an effort
35%
No effort
18%
Don't know/Refused to answer
11%

Which of the following do you think is primarily responsible for the conflict? (McLaughlin & Associates, October 2010)

The presence of Jewish communities in the West Bank
12.2%
Arab denial of Israel's right to exist and terrorism
57.4%
Don't know/Refused to answer
30.4%

Should Palestinians recognize Israel as the Jewish State? (McLaughlin & Associates, October 2010)

Yes
77.9%
No
6.0%
Don't know/Refused to answer
16.1%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Only diplomacy and negotiations can end the rockets and terror against Israel." (McLaughlin & Associates, October 2010)

Agree
47.9%
Disagree
40.8%
Don't know/Refused to answer
11.3%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Israeli policies toward the Palestinians forces them essentially to become terrorists." (McLaughlin & Associates, October 2010)

Agree
27.1%
Disagree
58.8%
Don't know/Refused to answer
14.1%

If a Palestinian state was created, do you think terrorism against Israel would increase, decrease or be unchanged? (McLaughlin & Associates, October 2010)

Increased
25.5%
Decreased
18.7%
Be unchanged
41.2%
Don't know/Refused to answer
14.6%

If a Palestinian state was created, do you think anti-American sentiment in the Arab World would increase, decrease or be unchanged? (McLaughlin & Associates, October 2010)

Increased
22.1%
Decreased
15.7%
Be unchanged
50.2%
Don't know/Refused to answer
12.0%

Should Jerusalem remain as Israel's undivided capital in any peace agreement with the Palestinians? (McLaughlin & Associates, October 2010)

Yes
50.9%
No
20.4%
Don't know/Refused to answer
28.7%

As part of a Middle Eastern peace agreement, should Palestinian leaders be required to acknowledge Israel's right to exist as a Jewish state? (Rasmussen)

 
March 2010
September 2010
Yes
75%
77%
No
6%
7%
Not sure
20%
16%

As part of a Middle Eastern peace agreement, should Israel be required to accept the creation of a Palestinian state? (Rasmussen, September 2010)

Yes
51%
No
27%
Not sure
22%

How likely is it that Palestinian leaders will acknowledge Israel's right to exist as a Jewish state? (Rasmussen, September 2010)

Very likely
6%
Somewhat likely
19%
Not very likely
45%
Not at all likely
19%
Not sure
11%

How likely is it that Israel will accept the creation of a Palestinian state? (Rasmussen, September 2010)

Very likely
6%
Somewhat likely
36%
Not very likely
38%
Not at all likely
9%
Not sure
10%

Thinking about both sides in the ongoing conflict between Israel and the Palestinians, who do you believe is more committed to reaching an agreement? (The Israel Project, September 2010)

Israel
61%
The Palestinians
11%
Both
3%
Neither
10%
Don't know/refused to answer
15%

How committed do you think the Israeli government, led by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, is to reaching a peace agreement with the Palestinians? (The Israel Project)

 
June 2009
October 2009
May 2010
September 2010
Very committed
7%
12%
10%
17%
Somewhat committed
39%
41%
43%
41%
Just a little committed
23%
21%
20%
19%
Not committed at all
16%
15%
15%
19%
Don't know/refused to answer
14%
12%
12%
14%

How committed do you think the Palestinian Authority, which controls the West Bank and is led by President Mahmoud Abbas, is to reaching a peace agreement with Israel? (The Israel Project)

 
June 2009
October 2009
May 2010
September 2010
Very committed
3%
2%
4%
6%
Somewhat committed
31%
33%
27%
34%
Just a little committed
22%
25%
22%
23%
Not committed at all
27%
32%
33%
23%
Don't know/refused to answer
17%
8%
13%
14%

And thinking again about the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians, which statement do you agree with most? (The Israel Project)

 
March 2010
September 2010
The conflict between Israel and the Palestinians is really about land. Once agreements are reached on dividing Jerusalem and establishing borders, the two sides will live side-by-side in peace.
18.7%
32%
The conflict between Israel and the Palestinians is about ideology and religion. The two sides will live in peace only when they acknowledge each other's right to exist.
72.8%
63%
Don't know/refused to answer
8.5%
6%

Which of the following is the greater obstacle to moving ahead on peace negotiations in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict? (The Israel Project, May 2010)

The culture of hate among Palestinians that glorifies terrorists.
54%
The Israeli government building Jewish housing in mostly Palestinian areas of East Jerusalem.
25%
Don't know/refused to answer
20%

Thinking about the ongoing conflict between Israel and the Palestinians in the Middle East, please tell me, in general, which of the following you think the United States should be. (The Israel Project)

 
March 2010
May 2010
A strong supporter of Israel
39.4%
31%
A supporter of Israel
22.8%
25%
A supporter of the Palestinians
3.4%
5%
A strong supporter of the Palestinians
2.1%
2%
Don't support either side
14.0%
21%
Support both sides equally
6.7%
-
Don't know/refused to answer
11.6%
9%

Please tell me how much you agree with the following statement: "Enemies of America use the Palestinian-Israeli conflict as an excuse to create anti-American sentiment. Even if the dispute is settled, they would find another excuse to justify hostility towards America." (The Israel Project, March 2010)

Strongly agree
51.6%
Somewhat agree
28.9%
Neutral
8.1%
Somewhat disagree
5.3%
Strongly disagree
4.1%
Don't know/refused to answer
2.0%

Within the next decade, how likely is it that there will be lasting peace between the Palestinians and Israel? (Rasmussen, March 2010)

Very likely
2%
Somewhat likely
14%
Not very likely
54%
Not at all likely
19%
Not sure
10%

As part of a Middle Eastern peace agreement, should Israel be required to stop building new settlements in occupied Palestinian territory? (Rasmussen, March 2010)

Yes
49%
No
22%
Not Sure
29%

Which statement is closest to your own opinion? (The Israel Project, March 2010)

With all the problems that America is facing at home now, we should reduce our efforts to create a two-state solution in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
29%
Even with all the problems that America faces at home now, we must still work hard to create a two-state solution in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
56%
Don't know/Refused to answer
4%

*Asked of a half sample.

Over the past six months, do you think the situation between Israel and the Palestinians has improved, worsened, or stayed about the same? (ADL)

 
2005
2007
2009
Improved
39%
9%
5%
Worsened
9%
20%
26%
Stay about the same
45%
59%
58%

Which of these two statements is closest to your own view? (ADL)

 
2007
2009

The peace process will be strengthened by the creation of a Palestinian state as soon as possible.

26%
23%

A Palestinian state must not be established until Palestinians demonstrate a commitment to end violence and accept Israel's legitimacy.

52%
56%

Which of these two statements is closest to your own view? (ADL, October 2009)

If Israel completely stops all further construction of settlements, the Palestinians would be prepared to negotiate with Israel to achieve a final resolution of the conflict.
25%
Currently there are two Palestinian governments--one on the West Bank and one in Gaza. These two governments completely disagree about the future of the Palestinian and Israeli relationship. There can be no final resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict until there is one unified Palestinian government.
51%

Which of these two statements is closest to your own view? (ADL, October 2009)

If Israel completely stops all further construction of settlements, the leaders of the Arab countries will be prepared to negotiate a lasting peace with Israel and recognize Israel's right to exist.
25%
If Israel completely stops all further construction of residential settlements, the leaders of the Arab world will continue to refuse to recognize Israel's right to exist.
53%

In discussing their hopes for Middle East peace, senior officials in the Obama administration have said that this moment in history presents a unique opportunity for Israel and the Palestinians to move the peace process forward and come to a lasting agreement. With these remarks as background, which view is closer to your own: (ADL, October 2009)

The Israelis and the Palestinians will never have a better opportunity to reach a peace agreement than they do this moment.
29%
The differences between the Israelis and the Palestinians will drag on for years.
61%

I’d like to read you a series of short statements.  After I read each one, please tell me whether it is extremely important, very important, somewhat important or not that important in helping to bring peace in the Middle East.  (The Israel Project, January 2009)

 
Important
Not Important
DK/REF
Stopping Iran from arming, funding and training terrorists
87%
11%
2%
Getting Palestinians to stop teaching hate
90%
8%
2%
Getting Palestinians to stop shooting rockets into Israel
91%
8%
1%
Getting Iran to stop its nuclear program
76%
22%
1%
Getting Israel to stop its military incursions into Gaza
41%
53%
6%
Getting Israel to open all the borders to Gaza so that goods and services can flow freely to Palestinians
41%
55%
4%
Getting Israel to stop expanding its settlements and give up land to the Palestinians
38%
54%
8%

Which statement is closest to your own opinion?  (The Israel Project, January 2009)

With all the problems that America is facing at home now, we should reduce our focus on the problems in the Middle East.
33%
Even with all the problems that America faces at home now, we must still work hard to help bring peace to the Middle East.
65%
Don't know/Refused to answer
1%

Thinking again about the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians, which statement do you agree with more? (The Israel Project)

 
March 2008
January 2009

The conflict between Israel and the Palestinians is really about land.  Once agreements are reached on dividing Jerusalem and establishing borders, the two sides will live side-by-side in peace.

24%
19%

The conflict between Israel and the Palestinians is about ideology and religion.  The two sides will live in peace only when they acknowledge each other’s right to exist.

69%
73%

DK

6%
5%
Refused
1%
2%

How confident are you that the incoming Obama administration can resolve the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians? Are you … (McClatchy / Ipsos, January, 6, 2009)

Very confident
10%
Somewhat confident
32%
Not too confident
22%
Not at all confident
29%
(DK/NS)
7%

 

(Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research, The Israel Project, December 2007)

  April 2003 July 2005 October 2005 April 2006 January 2008
Now, thinking about the ongoing conflict between Israel and the Palestinians in the Middle East, please tell me whether, in general, do you think AMERICA SHOULD be a strong supporter of Israel, a supporter of Israel, a supporter of the Palestinians or a strong supporter of the Palestinians  
-->Israel 23 38 34 48 61
-->The Palestinians 71 46 51 43 23
  Warm Cool
Palestinians: Now, I'd like you to rate your feelings toward some people and organizations, with one hundred meaning a VERY WARM, FAVORABLE feeling; zero meaning VERY COLD, UNFAVORABLE feeling; and fifty meaning not particularly warm or cold. You can use any number from zero to one hundred, the higher the number the more favorable your feelings are toward that person or organization 15% 49%
Abbas: Now, I'd like you to rate your feelings toward some people and organizations, with one hundred meaning a VERY WARM, FAVORABLE feeling; zero meaning VERY COLD, UNFAVORABLE feeling; and fifty meaning not particularly warm or cold. You can use any number from zero to one hundred, the higher the number the more favorable your feelings are toward that person or organization 10% 53%
  The Palestinian Leadership The Arab States Israel The Palestinians
Who is mostly responsible that the Palestinians have been refugees and do not have a state? 35% 16% 15% 15%

(Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research, The Israel Project, December 2007)

  The Governments The People
  Israel committed Israel NOT committed Palestinians committed Palestinians NOT committed Israel committed Israel NOT committed Palestinians committed Palestinians NOT committed
How committed do you think the Israeli/Palestinian government/people are to reaching a peace agreement with Israel/the Palestinians? 66% 29% 44% 51% 58% 39% 34% 63%

Now let me read you some pairs of short statements. Please tell me which statement comes closer to your view. (Greenberg Quinlan Rosner Research, The Israel Project, December 2007)

  Actions understandable Overreactions
Israel's actions toward the Palestinians are understandable given the security threat they face OR Israel's actions toward the Palestinians are an overreaction to the security threat they face 63% 29%
  Attacks must stop Attacks will not stop
Palestinians must stop attacks on Israel before there can be a Palestinian state OR Palestinian attacks on Israel will not stop until there is a Palestinian state 53% 37%
  Reduce terrorism Not have much impact
A peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians would reduce terrorism around the world OR A peace agreement between Isarel and the Palestinians would not have much of an impact on terrorism around the world 43% 55%
  Solely Palestinian state Secure borders
The goal of peace talks in the Middle East should solely be the creation of a Palestinian state OR The goal of peace talks in the Middle East should be both a Palestinian state and peace and security in recognized borders for Israel and the Palestinians 12% 81%
  Palestinian state Recognition
The goal of peace talks in the Middle East should be the creation of a Palestinian state OR The goal of peace talks in the Middle East should be an end to terrorism and attacks on Israel, full recognition of Israel by Arab states and a Palestinian state 30% 60%

From what you have seen, read or heard recently regarding the Acting Israeli Prime Minister, Ehud Olmert, do you believe that Ehud Olmert is a leader who is COMMITTED TOWARD PEACE with the Palestinians, or is a leader who is NOT INTERESTED IN PEACE? (The Israel Project National Survey, 2006)

Committed Toward Peace 25%
Not Interested in Peace 14%
Don't Know 59%

From what you have seen, read or heard recently regarding the Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon do you believe he is a leader who is COMMITTED TOWARD PEACE with the Palestinians, or is a leader who is NOT INTERESTED IN PEACE? (The Israel Project National Survey, 2006)

Strongly Committed Toward Peace 52%
Committed Toward Peace 17%
Strongly Not Interested in Peace 8%
Not Interested in Peace 5%

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