Since its creation, the Israeli Air Force (IAF) has been a model of innovation and success for militaries around the world. The IAF prides itself on being technologically advanced and its fighter pilots have won decisive battles against enemy forces despite being routinely outnumbered or far from the home front. It is for these reasons that the U.S. Air Force has begun conducting combined training with Israeli pilots.
In April 2001, Israeli and American fighter planes conducted the first ever joint training mission between the two air forces. The pilots performed maneuvers including mid-air refueling, dogfighting and air-to-ground attacks. The exercise included 14 Israeli F-15s and 10 F-16s and 11 US F-16s.
In June 2007, the IAF held joint training excercises with visiting American pilots as part of a “multi-year working plan involving joint flights for the purpose of mutual learning.” Such joint training exercises help strengthen the relationship between Israel and it's allies.
In November 2012, the U.S. and Israel collaborated in the largest aerial defense drill between the two allies to date. Codenamed "Austere Challenge," the drills were conducted both in Israel and offshore and involved approximately 1,000 U.S. troops in Israel with an additional 2,500 troops in Europe and elsewhere in the Mediterranean. The exercise also tested air defense capabilities and training of both countries.
U.S. Air Force Lieutenant General Craig A. Franklin and Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Brigadier General Nitzan Nuriel were the lead planners of the exercise for their respective nations. “This exercise is purely about improving our combined U.S.-Israeli capabilities,” Franklin said. “It’s about military teamwork. It is not related to national elections nor any perceived tensions in the Middle East. We are military professionals coming together to train for a defensive mission.”
In November 2013, fighter planes from the U.S. Air Force joined counterparts from Greece and Italy to conduct joint training manuevers in Israel, codenamed Exercise Blue Flag. The drill represented the largest military air exercise in Israel's history, as more than 50 foreign and Israeli fighter jets were involved. The exercises' goals were to examine the group's general aerial capabilities and it included training missions to identify anti-aircraft missiles as well as surface-to-air ones and also included mock dogfights.
Sources: Jerusalem Post (April 23, 2001); Haaretz (June 10, 2007); U.S. Department of Defense; IDF Blog (October 20, 2012), (October 25, 2012); Jerusalem Post (November 12, 2012); YNET News (November 25, 2013)