Israel at 56 - A Statistical Glance

(April 19, 2004)


Geography

Israel stands at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. Geographically, it belongs to the Asian continent. Its western border is the Mediterranean Sea. To the north it is bound by Lebanon and Syria, to the east by Jordan and to the south by the Red Sea and Egypt. Long and narrow in shape, Israel is about 290 miles (470 km.) long and 85 miles (135 km.) across at its widest point. Its total area is 22,145 sq km, of which 21,671 sq km is land area.

Geographical Regions

Arid Zones
45%
Plains and Valleys
25%
Mountains
16%
Rift Valley
9%
Coastal Strip
5%

Selected elevations:

Mt. Hermon, Golan
9,220 ft.
2,810 m.
Mt. Meron, Upper Galilee
3,964 ft
1,208 m.
Mt. Ramon, Negev
3,396 ft
1,035 m
Mt. of Olives, Jerusalem
2,739 ft
835 m
Mt. Tabor, Lower Galilee
1,930 ft
588 m
Mt. Carmel, Haifa
1,792 ft
546 m
Dead Sea - lowest point on earth
-1,300 ft
-400 m

People

 
1980
1990
2003
Population
3,921,700
4,821,700
6,748,100
Civilian labor force
1,318,100
1,649,900
2,546,700
Jews in Israel, as a percentage of world Jewry
25
30
39
Life expectancy - females
75.7
78.4
81.2
Life expectancy - males
72.1
75.7
77.3
Infant mortality (per 1000 live births)
15.6
9.9
5.3
School population
1,200,700
1,451,300
1,974,400
Percentage of the population (15+) with 13 years or more of formal schooling
19.2
25.3
38.5

Population by Religion

Jews
77.0%
Muslims
15.5%
Christians
2.1%
Druze
1.6%
Not classified by religion
3.6%

Population Distribution

Urban localities
91.6%
Rural Localities

Moshavim

3.1%

Kibbutzim

1.7%

Immigrants by Continent - 1948-2002

Europe
1,766,600
Africa
482,650
Asia
419,900
America & Oceania
226,900
Unknown
31,550

Immigrants by Year of Immigration

1948-1951
688,000
1952-1959
272,000
1960-1969
374,000
1970-1979
346,000
1980-1989
154,000
1990-2002
1,093,000

Economy

State Budget, 2004: NIS 254.7 billion

 
1980
1990
2002/3
Gross Domestic Product (US$ billions)
23.2
59.2
103.7
Net exports of goods (US$ billions)
5,291.9
11,603.1
27,706.8

thereof:

Industrial products (excl. diamonds)

3,340.4
7,696.8
19,082.63
Agricultural products
555.7
657.2
706.2
Net imports of goods (US$ billions)
7,845.7
15,107.1
33,709.0
Tourists arriving
1,065,800
1,131,700
861,900
Air passengers (annual)
2,847,000
3,720,000
6,927,000
Freight shipped by air (annual in tons)
105,800
194,160
300,763
Production of electricity (millions of kilwatt/hours)
12,400
20,900
43,870
Private cars
410,000
803,000
1,496,000

Education

University Students by Field of Study (Total 120,870 students in 7 universities)

Humanities
26.3%
Social Sciences
21.9%
Science and mathematics
17.3%
Engineering
14.1%
Medicine
8.3%
Law
4.2%
Business & Administration
6.8%
Agriculture
1.2%

* Figures based on the Statistical Abstract of Israel, No. 54, 2003


Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs