Israeli Political Parties:
The Jewish Home ("HaBayit HaYehudi," in Hebrew) is a religious, Zionist political party in Israel. It is currently led by Naftali Bennett.
Originally established in November 2008, prior to elections for the 18th Knesset, the Jewish Home was a coalition of a number of right-wing national religious parties including Moledet, the National Religious Party and Tkuma. However, the different factions vehemently disputed the positions allocated to their candidates on the electoral list and eventually the Moledet party and some members of Tkuma split off from the coaltion and re-form the National Union party with another rightist faction, Hatikva. Before the January 2013 elections, however, new party leader Naftali Bennett re-merged the Jewish Home with National Union.
The basic party platform of the Jewish Home says the party is opposed to the creation of a Palestinian state on the West Bank and states that Jerusalem “is the eternal capital of the Jewish people and the state of Israel solely, and will not be divided.” The party’s platform also says that the settlements in the West Bank are important for Israel’s security, should not be uprooted in the future and should remain under Israel’s sovereignty.
The Jewish Home states that it supports the privatization of government companies and will also demand to reduce manpower in the public sector. The party seeks to reduce taxes that it says hold back economic growth and encourage tax relief for productive sectors of the economy. The party also supports tax relief for large families and seeks to pass legislation on this issue.
In terms of religious life in Israel, the Jewish Home says that it will “fight for the Jewish identity of the state on every level: culture, character, personal status, society and legislation, as a Jewish and democratic state.” Regarding issues such as civil marriage, The Jewish Home says that it will act to strengthen the current status quo, which does not permit civil marriage but will also seek alternative solutions for this “sensitive” issue.
In the 2009 elections, the Jewish Home, under the leadership of Daniel Hershkowitz, won three seats in the Knesset. Following the reshuffling of its coalition partners, the party strengthened itself before elections for the 19th Knesset, and in January 2013 it won 11 seats in Knesset and becoming the fifth largest political party in Israel.