Israeli Political Parties:
Hadash (Hebrew acronym for “The Democratic Front for Peace and Equality”) is an Israeli political party with roots in Communism largely supported by Israeli Arabs.
Hadash is a left-wing party that, when formed in March 1977, was rooted in Israel's Communist party, the Black Panthers, and other left-wing non-communist groups. Within the Hadash movement, Rakah (which was renamed Maki, a Hebrew acronym for Israeli Communist Party, in 1989) has retained an independent status. In its first electoral test, in the 1977 elections, Hadash won 5 seats in the Knesset, and it has been represented through every election since. In the 2009 election, Hadash won four seats. At different points in its history, Hadash has merged with Ahmed Tibi's Ta'al party and also Balad, both different Israeli Arab parties.
Hadash is a Jewish and Arab party, but has a mainly Arab electorate. The main points of its platform include the complete Israeli withdrawal from the territories occupied in 1967, recognition of the PLO, the separation of religion and state, the Palestinian "right of return" to Israeli territory, lobbying for workers' rights, encouraging Israel to join the Nuclear Non-Proliferation treaty, the establishment of a Palestinian state alongside Israel, and full equality for Israel's Arab citizens.
In general, Hadash views conflicts within Israeli society as class-based rather than nationalistic in nature.