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Concentration Camps:
Full Listing of Camps


The Camps: Table of Contents | What are Camps? | Photographs


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During the Holocaust, it is estimated that the Nazis established approximately 15,000 labor, death, and concentration camp. All known camps - classified by country (1939-1945 borders) - are listed below.
Unfortunately, this list is far from complete -
It does not include camps which were created for limited operations or time, as most of these were destroyed by the Nazis. Additionally, this list does not contain the names of the ghettos created by the Nazis.
This list is based on information found in two books:
"Le livre des Camps" by Ludo Van Eck (1979) and Atlas Of The Holocaust by Martin Gilbert (1993).
(Special thanks to Mark Vardasz and Andreas Baumgartner for their help in completing this list.)

- Introduction - by Chuch Ferree [Holocaust Witness, Liberator]
- Austria
- Belgium
- Czechoslovakia
- Estonia
- Finland
- France
- Germany
- Holland
- Italy
- Latvia
- Lithuania
- Norway
- Poland
- Russia
- Yugoslavia

Introduction

by Chuck Ferree (Holocaust Witness and Liberator)

The Holocaust catastrophe during the years 1933 to 1945 was a massive occurrence. It began in Germany and ultimately engulfed an area encompassing most of the European continent. It was also an event that was experienced by a variety of perpetrators, a multitude of victims and a host of bystanders. These three groups were distinct from one another, and they did not dissolve in their lifetime. Each saw what happened from it's own, special perspective, and each harbored a separate set of attitudes and reactions.

The first and foremost perpetrator was Adolf Hitler himself. He was the supreme architect of the operation; without him it would have been inconceivable

Unlike the perpetrators, the victims were perpetually exposed. They were identifiable and countable at every turn. Jews and non-Jews alike, the victims as a whole, however, have remained an amorphous mass. Millions of them suffered a common fate in front of pre-dug mass graves or in hermetically sealed gas chambers.

Although the Holocaust is perceived by many to record the suffering of people of the Jewish Faith, no records on any aspect of the Second World War can fail to record that in addition to the six million Jewish men, women and children who were murdered at least an equal number of non-Jews was also killed, not in the heat of battle, not by military siege, aerial bombardment or the harsh conditions of modern war, but by deliberate, planned murder.

The Nazi plan displaced millions of families from all over Europe. Through their massive concentration camp system, with well over one thousand camps of various sizes, all designed to imprison innocent humans, considered sub-human by Nazi standards. Every human right was replaced by Nazi laws, rules and arbitrary decisions. Almost every major German city had at least a slave labor camp nearby. The inmates of these camps were forced under the pain of death to work for the German war effort, with no pay, inadequate food and other necessities to survive. Death camps, constructed for the sole purpose of mass executions by means of poison gas, shootings, starvation, disease, and torture were used by the Nazis to exterminate those fellow humans, men, women children and infants, by design.

There are those among us, who say the Holocaust didn't happen at all. Or maybe a few people were killed, but not millions. Historical facts have proven time and time again, that Nazi Germany, planned and implemented their plan to rid Europe of those whom they considered sub-human. Accurate numbers for exactly how many humans died as a result of the Nazi plans are simply not available and never will be. Research by some of the worlds most able historians place the number of Holocaust victims murdered by government policy to be not less than twelve million and probably more.

* sources Raul Hilberg: Perpetrators Victims Bystanders: The Jewish Catastrophe 1933-1945.
* Martin Gilbert: Atlas Of The Holocaust.

Chuck Ferree


Germany

  • Buchenwald/Dora-Mittelbau

    Note: Dora-Mittelbau was the cover name of the subcamp situated at Salza/Thuringe. When Dora became an independent camp in 1943, it had its own subcamp at Ellrich. Ellrich was known as one of the worst external kommando.

    • Abterode (BMW Eisenach)
    • Adorf
    • Allendorf (Gmbh zur Verwertung chem. Erzeugnisse)
    • Altenburg (HASAG)
    • Annaburg (Siebel-Flugzeugwerke)
    • Arnstadt (Poltewerke - aircraft engines)
    • Artern
    • Arolsen (SS officer school)
    • Ascherleben (Junker)
    • Baalberg
    • Bad Berja
    • Bad Handersheim (Bruns Apparatebau Gmbh)
    • Bad Godesberg
    • Bad Salzungen
    • Ballenstadt
    • Baubrigade I-X
    • Bensberg (Napola Bensberg)
    • Berga am Elster
    • Berlstedt (Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke Dest)
    • Bernburg (Schacht Plömnitz-Solvay)
    • Billroda (Schacht Burggraf Billroda)
    • Birkhan-motzlich
    • Bischofferode
    • Blankenburg (Organisation Todt)
    • Blankenheim (sand)
    • Bleicherode
    • Bochum (Eisen- und Huttenwerke AG)
    • Bochum (Guszstahl Fabrikat. AG)
    • Bodtenberg
    • Böhlen (Brabag Braunkohlen- Benzin AG)
    • Braunschweig (SS-Junkerschule)
    • Buttelstedt (Fa. Schlosser)
    • Clus
    • Colditz (Hasag)
    • Crawinkel
    • Coblence- "rebstock"
    • Cologne (for the mayor)
    • Cologne (Wagonfab. Köln-Deutz)
    • Cologne (Messegelände)
    • Dernau (Fa. Gollnow Sohn)
    • Dessau (Junker)
    • Dessau (Dessauer Waggonfabrik)
    • Dornburg
    • Dortmund (Dortmund - Hoerder - Hutten - Verein AG)
    • Duderstadt (Polte-Werke)
    • Dusseldorf (Rheinmatall-Borsig AG - 2 kommandos)
    • Dusseldorf (déminage)
    • Dusseldorf (Dess)
    • Eisenach (BMW)
    • Elsnig (Wasag - Westfälisch- Anhaltische Sprengstoff AG)
    • Ellrich
    • Eschenhausen (SS-kommando Hecht)
    • Escherhausen
    • Essen (Krupp)
    • Essen (Dest)
    • Floeszberg (Hasag)
    • Freitheit-Osterode
    • Gandersheim
    • Gelsenkirchen (Gelsenberg Benzin AG)
    • Giessen (Sanität-Ersatz und Ausbildungabteilung)
    • Gleina-"willy"
    • Goettingen (SS cavalry school)
    • Goslar
    • Grasleben-"gazelle"
    • Grosswerther
    • Gunzerode
    • Hadmersleben
    • Halberstadt
    • Halberstadt-zwieberge
    • Hardehausen
    • Hasserode (Mech. Ind. Wernigwerke)
    • Harzungen (Wirtschaftsforschungs- geselschaft WIFI)
    • Herzberg/Elster (Hasag)
    • Hessich-Lichtenau (Munition factory)
    • Hinzert (Special SS camp with 23 kommandos)
    • Hohlstedt
    • Holzen
    • Ilfeld
    • Ilsenburg
    • Jena
    • Kassel
    • Kelbra
    • Klein bodungen
    • Klein bischofferode
    • Klein niedergerba
    • Kleinnoshersleben "ago"
    • Köln fordwerke
    • Köln hansestadt
    • Köln westwagen
    • Kranichfeld (2 kommandos)
    • Langensalsa (Junker)
    • Langenstein (2 kommandos, 1 for the "Organisation Todt")
    • Lauenberg "Laura"
    • Lehensten "Laura"
    • Leimbach
    • Leipzig (Hasag)
    • Leipzig Lindenthal
    • Leipzig Markkleeberg
    • Leipzig Sconau
    • Leopoldshall (Junker)
    • Lippstadt (Eisen- und Metallwerke AG)
    • Lohausen (déminage)
    • Luetzkendorf (Wintershall AG)
    • Magdeburg (Braunkohlen und Benzin Brabag)
    • Magdeburg (Polte-Werke)
    • Markkleeberg (Junker)
    • Merseburg
    • Meuselwitz (Hasag)
    • Muhlhausen "Martha"
    • Neustadt (kabel- und Leitungswerke AG)
    • Niederorshel (Langenwerke AG)
    • Niedersachswerfen (Ammoniakwerke GmbH)
    • Nordhausen (Schidt)
    • Nordhausen (Fliegerhorst-Komandantur)
    • Nordhausen (Mittelbau II of B II Mittelwerke GmbH)
  • Nuxei
  • Oberndorf (L. Muna aircraft munitions)
  • Ohrdruf (railroad construction)
  • Oschersleben "Ago"
  • Osterode (Mech. Ind. fa C Heder)
  • Osterhagen
  • * Penig (Gehrt)
  • Plomnitz
  • Quedlinburg (Fleigerhorst)
  • Quedlindburg (Fa Heerbrandt)
  • Raguhn
  • Rehmsdorf "Willy"
  • Roemhild
  • Rossla
  • Rothenburg (Fa Mansfeld AG)
  • Rottleberode (Thyrawerke)
  • Saalfeld Oertelsbruch
  • Salza-Thuringe (production of V flying bombs - see note)
  • Sangerhausen
  • Schlieben (Hasag)
  • Schoenau (ATG Maschinebau GmbH)
  • Schönbeck (Hasag)
  • Schwalbe V
  • Schwerte
  • Sennelager (Panzerausbildungsregiment)
  • Soemerda (Fa Rheinmetall)
  • Sollstedt
  • Sonneberg (Tandradbedrijf C.G. Rheinhardt)
  • Stassfurt (construction of an underground factory for C.G. Rheinhardt)
  • Stutzpunkt Sauerland 1
  • Suhl
  • Tannenwald
  • Tanndora (Paper factory)
  • Taucha (Hasag)
  • Thekla (Erla-Werke)
  • Tonndorf (bauleitung Waffen SS)
  • Torgau (munitions)
  • Trautenstein
  • Troeglits (Brabag)
  • Unna
  • Walkenried-Wolfleben (Constructions)
  • Wansleben (Fa C. Mansfeld)
  • Wansleben "Wilhelm"
  • Wansleben "Biber II"
  • Werferlingen (Constructions)
  • Weimar-Fischtenhain
  • Weimar (Rautalwerke GmbH)
  • Wernigerode (Junker)
  • Westeregeln
  • Wewelsburg (Guszstahlwerke)
  • Wickerode
  • Wieda
  • Witten-Annen (Ig. Farbenindustrie)
  • Woebbelin
  • Wolfen
  • Wuppertal
  • Zeitz "Willy"
  • Zella Mehlis
  • Zorbig
  • Dachau
    • Allach (Org. Todt)
    • Allach/Karsfeld/Moosach (org. Todt)
    • Allach-Rothwaige (Org. Todt)
    • Allersdorf-Liebhof
    • Ampersmoching
    • Asbach-Baumenheim (Messerschmitt)
    • Aibing (NEU)
    • Aufkrich-Kaufbeuren (Dornier)
    • Augustenfeld-Pollnhof
    • Augsburg (Messerschmitt)
    • * Augsburg-Haunstetten
    • Augsburg-Pfersee (Messerschmitt)
    • Bad Ischl
    • Bad Ischl Saint Wolfgang
    • Bad Tolz
    • Baubrigade XIII
    • Bayernsoien
    • Bayrishezell
    • Bichl
    • Birgsau-Oberstdorf
    • Blainach (BMW)
    • Brunigsau
    • Burgau (Messerchmitt)
    • Burghausen
    • Burgkirchen
    • Donauworth
    • Durach-Kottern (Messerschmitt)
    • Eching (Org. Todt)
    • Ellwagen
    • Emmerting-Gendorf
    • Eschelbach
    • Feistenau
    • Feldafing
    • Fischbachau
    • Fischen (Messerschmitt)
    • Fischhorn/Bruck
    • Freising
    • * Friedolfing
    • Friedrischaffen
    • Fulpmes
    • * Fussen-Plansee
    • Gablingen (Messerschmitt)
    • Garmisch-Partenkirchen
    • Germering-Neuaubing
    • Gmund
    • Grimolsried-Mitteneuf-Nach (Org. Todt)
    • Halfing
    • Hallein
    • * Hausham-Vordereckard
    • Heidenhaim
    • Heppenhaim
    • Horgau-Pfersee (Messerschmitt)
    • Ingoldstadt
    • Innsbruck
    • * Itter
    • Karlsfeld (Org. Todt)
    • Kaufbeuren (BMW)
    • Kaufering (Org Todt/Messerschmitt/Dornier)
    • Kaufering Erpfting
      • Hurlach
      • Landsberg
      • Lechfeld
      • Mittel-Neufnach
      • Riederloh
      • Schwabbeg
      • Schwabmunchen
      • Turkenfald
      • Turkheim
      • Utting
    • Kempten-Kotern
    • Konigsee
    • Krucklhalm
    • Landshut-Bayern (Org. Todt)
    • Lauingen (Messerschmitt)
    • Liebhof
    • Lind
    • Lochau
    • Lochhausen (BMW)
    • Lohof
    • Markt Schwabben
    • Moosach (Org. Todt/BMW/Messerschmitt)
    • Moschendorf-Hof
    • Muldorf (Org. Todt)
    • Muldorf Ampfing-Waldlager V et VI
      • Mettenheim
      • Obertaufkirchen
    • Munchen
    • Munchen Friedman
    • Munchen Riem (Org. Todt)
    • Munchen Schwabing
    • Munchen Sendling
    • Neuburg Donau
    • Neufahrn
    • Neustift
    • Nuremberg
    • Oberdorf
    • Oberfohring
    • Ottobrunn
    • Oetztal
    • Passau
    • Puchheim
    • Radolfzell
    • Rohrdorf-Thansau
    • Rosenheim
    • Rothschwaige-Augustenfeld (Org. Todt)
    • St. Gilden/Wolgansee
    • St. Lambrecht
    • Salzburg
    • Salzweg
    • Sandhoffen
    • Saulgau
    • Schlachters-Sigmarszell
    • Schleissheim
    • Seehausen-Uffing
    • Spitzingsee
    • Steinhoring
    • Stephanskirchen (BMW)
    • Strobl
    • Sudelfeld
    • Traustein
    • Trotsberg (BMW)
    • Trutskirch-Tutzing (Dornier)
    • Uerberlingen
    • Ulm
    • * Unterschleissheim
    • Valepp
    • Vulpmes
    • Weidach
    • Weilheim
    • Weissensee
    • Wicking
    • Wolfratshausen
    • Wolfratshausen Gelting
    • Wurach-Wolhof
    • Zangberg
  • Esterwegen [Note: In 1941, this camp became dependent from Neuengamme.]
    • Frieoythe/Kloppenburg
  • Flossenburg
    • Altenhammer
    • Annaberg
    • Ansbach
    • Aue (Sachsen)
    • Bayreuth
    • Beneschau
    • Bozicany
    • Brüx
    • Chemnitz
    • Dresden
    • Eisenberg
    • Erbendorf
    • Falkenau
    • Flöha
    • Forrenbach
    • Freiberg
    • Ganacker
    • Giebelstadt
    • Grafenreuth
    • Graslitz
    • Gröditz
    • Gundelsdorf
    • Hainichen
    • Happurg
    • Heidenau
    • Helmbrechts
    • Hersbruck
    • Hertine
    • Hof
    • Hohenstein-Ernstthal
    • Holleischen
    • Holyson
    • Hradischko
    • Hubmersberg-Hohenstadt
    • Janowitz
    • Jezeri
    • Johanngeorgenstadt
    • Jungfern-Breschan
    • Kaaden-Kadan
    • Kamenicky-Senow
    • Kirchham
    • Knellendorf
    • Koningstein
    • Krondorf
    • Leitmeritz
    • Lengenfeld
    • Lobositz
    • Mehltheuer
    • Meissen
    • Mittweida
    • Moickethal-Zatschke
    • Moschendorf
    • Mülsen- St. Michel
    • Munchberg
    • Neu Rohlau
    • Nossen
    • Nuremberg
    • Obertraubling
    • Oederan
    • Olbramowitz
    • Pilsen
    • Plattling
    • Plauen
    • Pocking
    • Porschdorf
    • Poschetzau
    • Pottenstein
    • Praha
    • Rathen
    • Rathmanndorf
    • Rabstein
    • Regensburg
    • Reuth
    • Rochlitz
    • Saal/Donau
    • Schlackenwerth
    • Schönheide
    • Seifhennersdorf
    • Siegmar-Schönau
    • Stein-Schönau
    • St. Georgenthal
    • St. Oetzen
    • Stulln
    • Theresienstadt
    • Venusberg
    • Wilischthal
    • Witten-Annen
    • Wolkenburg
    • Würzburg
    • Zatschke
    • Zschachwitz
    • Zschopau
    • Zwickau
    • Zwodau
  • Neuengamme
    • Ahlem-Hannover
    • Altgarga
    • Altegarde-Elbe
    • Aumund
    • Aurich-Engerhafe
    • Bad Sassendorf
    • Barkhausen
    • Barskamp
    • Baubrigade I, II, V et XI
    • Beendorf-Helmstedt
    • Bergstedt
    • Blummenthal
    • Boizenburg
    • Braunschweig (plusieurs kommandos)
    • Bremme-Farbe
    • Bremme- Osterort-Reisport
    • Bremme-Schutzenhof
    • Bremme- Vegesack-aumund
    • Bremme-weser
    • Brink-hannover
    • Brunswick-Busing
    • Dalum
    • Dreutte
    • Engerhafe
    • Fallersleben-Laagberg
    • Farge
    • Fidelstedt
    • Finkenwerder
    • Fludwigslust
    • Fulsbuttel
    • Geilenberg
    • Glassau-bei-Sarau
    • Goslar
    • Gross-Fullen
    • Gross- Hesepe
    • Hamburg (plusieurs kommandos)
    • Hausberge-Porta
    • Helmstadt
    • Hidelsheim
    • Horneburg
    • Howachts-Lütjenburg
    • Kaltenkirch-Heinkaten
    • Kiel
    • Ladelund
    • Langenhagen-Hannover
    • Langenhorn-Hamburg
    • Laasberg
    • Ladelung
    • Lengerich
    • Lerbeck
    • Limmer-Hannover
    • Linden (Mülhenberg-Hannover)
    • Lübberstadt
    • Lujtenberg
    • Meppen
    • Minden
    • Misburg-Hannover
    • Mölln
    • Neesen
    • Neugraben
    • Neuhof
    • Neuland-Bremen
    • Neunkirchen
    • Neustadt
    • Nutzen
    • Ohldorf
    • Osnabruck
    • Osterort (Bremen-Riespot)
    • Poppenbüttel-Sasen
    • Porta-Westfalica - note: 2 kommandos
    • Salzwedel
    • Sandbostel
    • Sasel
    • Salzgitter
    • Schandelah
    • Schützenhof-Bremen
    • Schwessing-Husum
    • Sollstadt
    • Spaldingstrasse
    • Steinwerder
    • Stöcken-Hannover
    • Stuklenwert
    • Tiefstak
    • Uelzen
    • Veleen
    • Veerssen - note: 2 kommandos
    • Vegesack-Aumun - Bremen
    • Verden-Aller
    • Wandsbeck
    • Watenstedt-Drütte-Salzgitter
    • Wedel
    • Wilhemsburg-Hamburg
    • Wilhemshaven
    • Wittenberge
    • Wolfsburg
    • Wöbbelin-Ludwigslust
  • Ravensbruck
    • Abteroda
    • Ansbach
    • Barth/Ostee (Heinkel)
    • Belzig
    • Berlin-Oberschöneweide
    • Berlin-Schönefeld (Heikel)
    • Borkheid
    • Bruckentin
    • Comthurey
    • Dabelow
    • Eberswalde
    • Feldberg
    • Fürstenberg (Siemens)
    • Hennigsdorf
    • Herzebrück
    • Hohenlychen
    • Karlshagen
    • Klutzow-Stargard
    • Köningsberg-Neumark
    • Malchow
    • Neubrandenburg (Siemens)
    • Neustadt/Glene
    • Peenemünde
    • Prenzlau
    • Rechlin
    • Retzow
    • Rostock-Marienhe (Heinkel)
    • Stargard
    • Steinhoring
    • Schwarzenforst
    • Uckermark
    • Velten
  • Sachsenhausen (click here for more information about this camp)
    • Bad Saarow
    • Baubrigade I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI et XII
    • Beerfelde
    • Berga
    • Berlin
      • Babelsberg
      • Falkensee
      • Helensee (Demag)
      • Hennigsdorf (AEG)
      • Koepenig
      • Lichterfelde
      • Lichtenrade
      • Reinickendorf (Argus)
      • Siemens Stadt
      • Tegel
      • Wilmersdorf
    • Biesenthal
    • Bornicke
    • Brandenburg/havel
    • Dammsmuhle-Schonwalde
    • Debno-Neudamm
    • Doberitz
    • Drogen-Niedorf
    • Falkenhagen-Furstenwalde
    • Falkensee
    • Frieoythe/Kloppenburg
    • Heinkel
    • Genshagen
    • Glau-Trebbin
    • Gross-Rosen
    • Hohenlychen
    • Karlsruhe
    • Klinker
    • Kl. machnow
    • Kolpin
    • Konigswusterhause (Krupp)
    • Küstrin
    • Lieberose
    • Lubben
    • Muggelheim
    • Neubrandenburg (Hamburg)
    • Neustrelitz
    • Oranienburg
    • Politz
    • Prettin
    • Rathenow
    • Ravensbruck (jusqu'en 1939)
    • Riga
    • Senftenberg/Schwarzweide
    • Storkow
    • Stuttgart
    • Treuenbrietzen
    • Werde
    • Wewelsburg
    • Wittenberg (Arado)

Austria

  • Mauthausen (Check the "official" homepage of the Mauthausen Memorial for detailed information as well as the Jewish Virtual Library materials.)
    • Amstetten
    • Amstetten (women)
    • Aflenz
    • Redl-Zipf (code name Schlier)
    • Bachmanning
    • Bretstein
    • Dippoldsau
    • Ebensee
    • Ebelsberg (subcommando of Linz III)
    • Eisenerz
    • Enns
    • Florisdorf (=Wien-Florisdorf and Wien-Jedlesee)
    • Grein
    • Grossramming
    • Gunskirchen
    • Gusen I, II (St. Georgen), III (Lungitz)
    • (Hartheim) not a subcamp of Mauthausen Mauthausen, but many inmates of Mauthausen and Dachau had been gassed in Hartheim.
    • Hinterbrühl
    • Hirtenberg
    • Klagenfurt
    • Kleinmünchen (subcommando of Linz III)
    • Leibnitz
    • Lind
    • Lenzing
    • Linz I, II, III
    • Loibl- Pass Nord
    • Loibl- Pass Süd (ex-Yugoslavia)
    • Melk
    • Mittersill
    • Passau I - Waldwerke
    • Passau II
    • Peggau
    • Schiff
    • Schloss Lind
    • St. Agyd
    • St. Lambrecht
    • St. Valentin
    • Steyr
    • Ternberg
    • Vöcklabrück=Wagrain
    • Wels
    • Wien Afa- Werke
    • Wien Saurer-Werke
    • Wien-Schwechat
    • Wien Schönbrunn
    • Wiener Neudorf
    • Wiener Neustadt
    • Zeltlager

Czechoslovakia

  • Theresienstadt
    • Bohusovice
    • Kopisti
    • Litomerice-Radobylberg
    • Litomerice
    • Lovosice (Sputh factory and an oil factory)
    • Nestemice
    • Terezin (Plavy mill)
    • Usti (Schicht factory)
    • Zalhostice
  • Kratzau / Chrastava (subcamp of Gross-Rosen - Rogoznica, Poland)

France

  • Natzweiler-Struthof
    • Asbach
    • Auerbach-Bensheim
    • Baden-Baden
    • Bad-Oppenau
    • Balingen
      • Bisingen
      • Dautmergen
      • Dortmettingen
      • Erzingen
      • Frommern
      • Schomberg
      • Schorzingen
      • Wuste
      • Zepfenhan
    • Bernhausen
    • Bingau
    • Bischofsheim
    • * Calw
    • Cernay
    • Cochem
    • Cochem Treis
    • Colmar
    • Darmstadt
    • Daudenzell
    • Dautmergen
    • Donauwiese
    • Echterdingen
    • Ellwangen
    • Ensingen
    • Fracfort/Main (Adler )
    • Frommern
    • Geisenheim (Krupp)
    • Geislingen
    • Goben
    • Gross-Sachesenheim
    • Guttenbach
    • Hailfingen
    • Haslach
    • Heilbronn
    • Heppenheim
    • Hessenthal
    • Iffezheim
    • Iffezheim - Baden Oos-Sandweiller
    • Kaisheim
    • Kochem
    • Kochemdorf
    • Leonberg
    • Longwy-Thiel: "Very few people ever heard of the Thiel-Longwy concentration camp in north-eastern France, Alsace, close to Luxembourg, and the ex-Maginot line. Four kilometers inside the Chantier de Fer in Thiel was a V2 rocket factory. The camp was four kilometers outside the city, close the ex-German border. Five hundred Hungarian machinists brought in from Auschwitz-Birkenau worked in the factory. The camp was functional between May-October 1944. After 16 kilometers of march, eight hours of work, the prisoners had to carry heavy rocks for about half of a mile, with the only purpose to further deplete their "elan de vivre.' The insufficient calories provided for that amount of work killed many prisoners. From Thiel, in October 1944 the prisoners were in the last minute from Thiel to Kochendorf, Germany. While the train passed above, US Sherman tanks entered the camp below, only a few kilometers away. Atthe same time the US Army also liberated the Strutthoff camp."
      (Thanks to George Liebermann for these informations)
    • Mannheim
    • Metz
    • Mosbach
    • Neckarelz I et II
    • Neckarelz Bad Rappenau
    • Neckargerach
    • Neckargartach-Heilbronn
    • Neckargerach Unterschwarsach
    • Neunkirchen
    • Oberehnheim-Obernai
    • Obrigheim
    • Peltre
    • Plattenwald
    • Rothau
    • Saint-Die
    • Sainte Marie aux Mines
    • Sanhofen (Daimler-Benz)
    • Sandweier
    • Schirmeck
    • Schönberg
    • Schörzingen
    • Schwabisch-Hall
    • Spaichingen
    • Tailfingen
    • Urbes Wesserling
    • Vaihingen-Enz
    • Vainhingen/Unterriechinegn
    • Wasserralfingen
    • Weckrieden
    • Wasserling
    • Zuffenhause (Heinkel)

Poland

Note: the German names of the camps are followed by the actual Polish names.
  • Auschwitz - Birkenau (Oswiecim - Brzezinka)
    • Altdorf / Stara Wies
    • Althammer / Stara Kusnia
    • Babice
    • Bauzug
    • Beruna
    • Bismarckhütte / Chorzow-Battory
    • Blechhammer / Slawiecice
    • Bobrek / Oscwiecim
    • Budy
    • Brunn / Brono
    • Charlottengrubbe / Rydultowy
    • Chelmek / Chelmek-Paprotnik
    • Chorzow
    • Chrzanow
    • Czernica
    • Ernforst
    • Ernfort-Slawecice
    • Eintrachthutte / Swietochlowice
    • Freudenthal / Bruntal
    • Furstengrabe / Lawski
    • Gleiwitz I, II, II, IV / Gliwice
    • Golleschau / Goleszow
    • Gunthergrubbe / ledziny
    • Harmeze
    • Hindenburg / Zabrze
    • Hubertushutte-Hohenlinde / Lagiewniki
    • Janigagrube-Hoffnung / Libiaz
    • Jawichowitz
    • Kobio / Kobior
    • Lagischa / Lagisza
    • Laurahutte / Siemianowice
    • Lepziny-Lawki
    • Lesslau-Wloclawek
    • Libiaz-Maly
    • Lukow
    • Monowitz / Monowice
    • Myslowice
    • Neu Dachs / Jaworzno
    • Neustadt / Prudnik
    • Sosnowitz I et II / Sosnowiec
    • Trezbinia
    • Tscechwitz / Czechwiece
    • Harmeze
    • Plawy
    • Rajsko
    • Rybnik
    • Rydultowy
    • Siemiennowice
    • Wloklawek-lesslan
    • Zasole
    • Zittau
  • Belzec
    • Izbica: Historians consider Izbica a "Holding camp for Belzec. A few hundred Jews from the towns of Furth,Nurnberg and nearby Jewish communities were on March 22, 1942 deported to Izbica. Many died or were murdered in Izbica, many more were shipped to Belzec.
      (Thanks to Willie Glaser for these informations)
  • Gross-Rosen (Rogoznica)
    • Aslau
    • Bad Warmbrunn / Cieplice
    • Bautzen
    • Berndorf / Bernartice
    • Blechhammer
    • Bolkenhain
    • Breslau - Wroclaw
    • Brief / Brzeg
    • Brunnlitz / Bruenec
    • Brusay / Brzezowa
    • Bunzlau / Boleslawiec
    • Bunzlau-Rauscha
    • Christianstadt
    • Dornhau
    • Dyhernfurth
    • Erlenbush
    • Eule
    • Faulbruk
    • Gabersdorf
    • Gassen
    • Cellenau
    • Falkenberg
    • Frierland
    • Fürstenstein
    • Gebhardsdorf
    • Gorlitz
    • Graben
    • Granefort
    • Grulich
    • Grunsberg
    • Gruschwitz / Kruswica
    • Halbstadt / Mezimesti
    • Hartmanndorf
    • Hirschberg / Jelenia Gara
    • Buchwald Höhenwöse
    • Hohenelbe / Wrszlabi
    • Kamenz
    • Kaltwasser
    • Kittlitztrebben / Kotlicki Trebin
    • Kursbach Grunthal
    • Landeshut / Kamienogora
    • Langenblielau / Lielawa
    • Larche Ludwigsdorf
    • Lehmwasser
    • Leszno Lissa
    • Mahrisch
    • Marzbachtal
    • Marzdorf
    • Mittelsteine
    • Neisse-Neusalz Oder / Nova Sol
    • Niesky
    • Niesky Klein
    • Niesky Wittischenau
    • Radisch
    • Oberalsstadt
    • Oberwustegiersdorf
    • Parschnitz / Porici
    • Peterswaldau
    • Prausnitz / Prusnica
    • Rauscha
    • Reichenau / Risznow
    • Reichenau Reichenberg Liberal
    • Reichenau Reichenbach
    • Schmiedenberg
    • Seuferwassergraben
    • Schotterwok
    • Striegau
    • Tannhausen
    • Waldenburg
    • Weiswasser
    • Wolsberg
    • Wustegierdorf / Giercze Puste
    • Wustegierdorf Station
    • Wusteweltersdorf
    • Zittau
  • Maidanek
    • Budzyn
    • Hrubieszow
    • Lublin
  • Stutthof (Sztutowo)
    • Bocion
    • Bromberg
    • Chorabie
    • Cieszyny
    • Danzig-Burggraben / Kokokszki
    • Danzig-Neufahrwasser
    • Danzigerwerf / Gdansk
    • Dzimianen
    • Elbing
    • Elblag (Org. Todt)
    • Elblag (Schinau)
    • Police / Szczecin
    • Gdynia
    • Gerdenau
    • Graudenz
    • Greendorf
    • Grodno
    • Gutowo
    • Gwisdyn
    • Heiligenbeil
    • Jessu
    • Kokoschken
    • Kolkau
    • Krzemieniewo
    • Lauenburg
    • Malken Mierzynek
    • Nawitz
    • Niskie
    • Obrzycko
    • Prault
    • Rosenberg / Brodnica
    • Scherokopas
    • Schiffenbeil
    • Serappen
    • Sophienwalde
    • Slipsk
    • Starorod
    • Pruszcz
    • Brusy
    • Torun (AEG, Org. Todt)

Belgium

  • Breendonck (no sub-camp known)

Estonia

  • Vivara

Finland

  • Kangasjarvi
  • Koveri

Holland

  • Amersfoort
  • Ommen
  • Vught (12 sub-camps and external kommandos)
  • Westerbork (transit camp)

Italy

  • Bolzano
  • Fossoli
  • Risiera di San Sabba (no sub-camp known)

Latvia

  • Riga
  • Riga-Kaiserwald
  • Dundaga
  • Eleje-Meitenes
  • Jungfernhof
  • Lenta
  • Spilwe

Lithuania

  • Kaunas
  • Aleksotaskowno
  • Palemonas
  • Pravieniskès
  • Volary

Norway

  • Baerum
  • Berg
  • Bredtvet
  • Falstadt
  • Tromsdalen
  • Ulven

Russia

The real number of concentration and extermination camps established in occupied Soviet Union by the Nazies is unknown. The following list contains the name of the major camps. Some of these camps were under Romanian control; e.g. Akmétchetka or Bogdanovka where 54,000 were executed between December 21th and December 31th, 1941

  • Akmétchetka
  • Balanowka
  • Bar
  • Bisjumujsje
  • Bogdanovka
  • "Citadelle" (real name unknown. camp was located near Lvov. Thousands of Russian POWs were killed in this camp)
  • Czwartaki
  • Daugavpils
  • Domanievka
  • Edineti
  • Kielbasin (or Kelbassino)
  • Khorol
  • Klooga
  • Lemberg
  • Mezjapark
  • Ponary
  • Rawa-Russkaja
  • Salapils
  • Strazdumujsje
  • Yanowski
  • Vertugen (for all these camps, no sub-camp known)

Yugoslavia

  • Banjica
  • Brocice
  • Chabatz
  • Danica
  • Dakovo
  • Gornja reka
  • Gradiska
  • Jadovno
  • Jasenovac
  • Jastrebarsko
  • Kragujevac
  • Krapje
  • Kruscica
  • Lepoglava
  • Loborgrad
  • Sajmite
  • Sisak
  • Slano
  • Slavonska-Pozega
  • Stara-Gradiska
  • Tasmajdan
  • Zemun

Sources:The Forgotten Camps

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