Oberhauser & Schumann
Dr. Herta Oberhauser killed
prisoners with oil and evipan injections, removed their limbs and vital
organs, rubbed ground glass and sawdust into wounds. She drew a twenty-year
sentence as a war criminal, but was released in 1952 and became a family
doctor at Stocksee in Germany. Her license to practice medicine was revoked
in 1960 (Laska,
Vera. ed. Women in the Resistance and in the Holocaust: The Voices of
Eyewitnesses. CT: Greenwood Press, 1983, p. 223).
Himmler, writing to SS-Oberführer
Brack, on August 11, 1942, expressed an interest in sterilization experiments
involving the use of x-rays. In April of 1944, he received a report of the
work of Dr. Horst Schumann
"on the influence of X-rays on human genital glands" at Auschwitz.
The report included the following statement:
Previously you have asked
Oberführer Brack to perform this work,
and you supported it by providing the adequate
material in the concentration camp Auschwitz.
I point especially to the second part of
this work, which shows that by those means
castration of males is almost impossible
or requires an effort which does not pay.
As I have convinced myself, operative castration
requires not more than 6 to 7 minutes, and
therefore can be performed more reliably
and quicker than castration by X-rays.
Schumann set up an X ray
station at Auschwitz in 1942, in the woman's
camp Bla. Here men and women were forcibly
sterilized by being positioned repeatedly
for several minutes between two x-ray machines,
the rays aiming at their sexual organs. Most
subjects died after great suffering, or were
gassed immediately because the radiation burns
from which they suffered rendered them unfit
for work. Men's testicles were removed and
sent to Breslau for histopathological examination.
The frequently following ovariotomies
were performed also by the Polish prisoner,
Dr. Wladyslav Dering. Dering once bet with an
SS man that he could perform ten ovariotomies
in an afternoon, and won his bet. Some of his
victims survived. Dering was declared a war
criminal but eluded justice and for a time practiced
medicine in British Somaliland (Laska,
Vera. ed. Women in the Resistance and in
the Holocaust: The Voices of Eyewitnesses.
CT: Greenwood Press, 1983, p. 223; Encyclopedia
of the Holocaust, Vol. 3, p. 965).