"The only firsthand
evidence on these experiments comes from
a handful of survivors and from a Jewish
doctor, Miklos Nyiszli, who worked under
Mengele as a pathologist. Mengele subjected
his victims - twins and dwarfs aged two
and above - to clinical examinations, blood
tests, X rays, and anthropological measurements.
In the case of the twins, he drew sketches
of each twin, for comparison. He also injected
his victims with various substances, dripping
chemicals into their eyes (apparently in
an attempt to change their color).
He then killed them himself
by injecting chloroform into their hearts,
so as to carry out comparative pathological
examinations of their internal organs. Mengeles
purpose, according to Dr. Nyiszli, was to
establish the genetic cause for the birth
of twins, in order to facilitate the formulation
of a program for doubling the birthrate
of the Aryan race. The experiments
on twins affected 180 persons, adults and
Mengele also carried out
a large number of experiments in the field
of contagious diseases, (typhoid and tuberculosis)
to find out how human beings of different
races withstood these diseases. He used
Gypsy twins for this purpose. Mengele's
experiments combined scientific (perhaps
even important) research with the racist
and ideological aims of the Nazi regime.
which made use of government offices, scientific
institutions, and concentration camps.
From the scanty information
available, it appears that his research
differed from the other medical experiments
in that the victims death was programmed
into his experiments and formed a central
element in it" (Encyclopedia
of the Holocaust, Vol. 3, p. 964).