Chronology of Jewish Persecution: 1945
SS camp officials report that there are almost 54,000 prisoners in the Ravensbrück camp, including nearly 8,000 men. Beginning in 1944, forced labor by concentration camp prisoners became increasingly important to Germany's armaments production. Ravensbrück grew into an administrative center for more than 40 subcamps located near armaments factories across east-central Germany. Tens of thousands of prisoners work long hours under intolerable conditions. Many are worked to death.
Soviet troops liberate 800 Jews at Czestochowa and 870 in Lodz.
Soviet troops liberate Warsaw, few Jews remain.
Liberation of 80,000 Jews in Budapest.
Evacuation of Auschwitz. The Death March of prisoners begins.
Soviets liberate Lodz
Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.
40,000 prisoners marched out of Gross-Rosen.
Conference in Yalta, Crimea.
U.S. continuously bombs Dresden killing 160,000 German civilians.
Soviet forces reach the Oder river.
RAF and USAF air raids devastate Dresden.
American troops on the Rhine River.
Hitler orders the destruction of all German military, industrial, transportation, and communications facilities to prevent them from falling into enemy control.
Soviet forces reach the Austrian border. Anglo-American forces reach the Elbe river.
Allies discover art and wealth stolen by the Nazis hidden in salt mines.
Evacuation of 15,000 Jews from Buchenwald.
Buchenwald liberated by American troops. President Roosevelt dies. Truman becomes President.
Soviet forces enter Vienna.
Concentration camp BergenBelsen liberated by British troops.
American troops occupy Nuremberg.
Soviet troops in front of Berlin.
As a result of negotiations between Swedish count Folke Bernadotte and SS chief Heinrich Himmler, the SS turns over 7,000 women prisoners from Ravensbrück concentration camp to the Swedish Red Cross. The Swedish Red Cross takes the prisoners to neutral Sweden for care.
April 23/May 4
The SS murders the last of the imprisoned conspirators.
Meeting of American and Soviet troops on the Elbe River.
Mussolini captured and killed by Italian partisans.
American troops liberate Dachau.
Hitler commits suicide.
Soviet forces liberate the Ravensbrück concentration camp. They discover between 2,000 and 3,000 sick and dying prisoners in the camp. Between 1939 and 1945, more than 120,000 prisoners, nearly 100,000 of them women, passed through the Ravensbrück camp system. Ravensbrück camp records indicate that about 90,000 prisoners died in the camp. Thousands more died without being recorded.
Berlin capitulates. Representatives of International Red Cross take over at Theresienstadt.
Liberation of Mauthausen.
Unconditional surrender of Germany: End of war in Europe.
V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.
Hermann Göring captured by U.S. troops.
Himmler captured and commits suicide.
Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over government.
United Nations Charter signed in San Francisco.
Test verson of the atomic bomb is successfully detonated in Los Alamos, New Mexico
August 6, 9:15 a.m.
First atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
Soviet Union declares war on Japan. Soviet divisions invade Manchuria.
Second atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki.
Japan surrenders: End of World War II.
Nuremburg trials begin.
The United Nations is officially born.
President Truman issues a directive giving preference to Displaced Persons for visas to enter the United States.