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Ancient Jewish History:
The Kings of Ancient Israel


Ancient Jewish History: Table of Contents | The Temples | The Twelve Tribes


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For this period, most historians follow either of the older chronologies established by William F. Albright or Edwin R. Thiele, or the newer chronology of Gershon Galil, all of which are shown below. All dates are B.C.E.

Albright dates Thiele dates Galil dates Common/Biblical Name Regnal Name and style Notes

The House of Saul

1011-1010 1050-1010 1050-1010 Saul שאול המלך or Sha'ul Reigned in Israel & Judah for 40 years: He killed himself during the war with the Philistines in Mount Gilboa.
1010-1008 1000-998 1010-1008 Ish-bosheth (also called Eshba'al or Ashba'al or Ishbaal) Reigned in Israel for 2 years.

The House of David

1000-692   1010-970 David David ben Yeshai Reigned in Israel & Judah for 33 years in Jerusalem and 7 years in Hebron, 40 years in total. Death: natural causes.
962-922   970-931 Solomon

Shlomo ben David

Reigned in Israel & Judah for 33 years in Jerusalem and 7 years in Hebron, 40 years in total. Death: natural causes.

The House of Jeroboam

922-901 931-910 931-909 Jeroboam 1 Yerav'am ben Nevat Reigned in Israel for 22 years. Death: natural causes.
901-900 910-909 909-908 Nadab Nadav ben Yerav'am Reigned in Israel for 2 years. Death: Killed by Bassha, son of Ahijah of the house of Issachar, along with his whole family.

The House of Baasha

900-877 909-886 908-885 Baasha Ba'asha ben Achiyah Reigned over Israel in Tizrah for 24 years. Death: natural causes.
877-876 886-885 885-884 Elah Elah ben Ba'asha Reigned over Israel in Tizrah for 2 years. Death: Zimri, one of his officials, got him drunk and killed him at his house in Azra.

The House of Zimri

876 885 884 Zimri Zimri Reigned over Israel in Tizrah for 7 days. Death: He set his palace on fire when Omri and all the Israelites with him withdrew from Gebbethon and laid seige to Tizrah.

The House of Omri

876-869 885-874 884-873 Omri Omri Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 12 years. Death: Natural causes.
869-850 874-853 873-852 Ahab Ah'av ben Omri Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 22 years. Death: Shot by an archer during the battle at Ramoth Gilead. He died upon his arrival on Samaria.
850-849 853-852 852-851 Ahaziah Ahaziyahu ben Ah'av Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 2 years. Death: He fell through the lattice of his upper room and injured himself. Elijah the prophet told him he would never leave his bed and would die on it.
849-842 852-841 851-842 Joram Yehoram ben Ah'av Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 11 years. Death: Killed by Jehu, the next king of Israel.

The House of Jehu

842-815 841-814 842-815 Jehu Yehu ben Nimshi Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 28 years. Death: natural casues.
815-801 814-798 819-804 Jehoahaz Yeho'ahaz ben Yehu Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 17 years. Death: natural casues.
801-786 798-782 805-790 Jehoash (Joash) Yeho'ash ben Yeho'ahaz Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 16 years. Death: natural casues.
786-746 782-753 790-750 Jeroboam II Yerav'am ben Yeho'ash Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 41 years. Death: natural casues.
746 753 750-749 Zachariah Zakharyah ben Yerav'am Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 6 months. Death: Shallum son of Jabesh killed him in front of the people and succeeded as king.

The House of Shallum

745 752 749 Shallum Shallum ben Yavesh Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 1 month. Death: Menahem son of Gadi attacked Shallum and killed him.

The House of Menahem

745-738 752-742 749-738 Menahem Menahem ben Gadi Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 10 years. Death: natural causes.
738-737 742-740 738-736 Pekahiah Pekahyah ben Menahem Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 2 years. Death: Pekah son of Remaliah, one of the chief officers, took 50 men with him and assassinated the king in his palace at Samaria.

The last House of Israel

737-732 740-732 736-732 Pekah Pekah ben Remalyahu Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 20 years. Death: Hoshea son of Elah conspired against him and killed him.
732-722 732-722 732-722 Hoshea Hoshe'a ben Elah Reigned over Israel in Samaria for 9 years. Death: King Shalmanser attacked and captured Samaria. He charged Hoshea with treason and put him in prison. He then exiled the Israelites to Assyria.

Sources: Way of the Sea, WZO, Wikipedia, BibArch; Maps Courtesy of BibArch and the WZO

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