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Photos of Israel: Early 20th Century Palestine

The Fouad Debbas Collection is the private collection of one man, Fouad Debbas, who studied engineering and got passionate about gathering images of his past and his region. Debbas (Lebanese) spent 26 years (from 1975 until his sudden death in 2001) collecting all images that concerned the Middle-East, with a special interest for Lebanon. He masterminded his collection, classifying his images by photographs / editors / subjects and produced two important books on postcards representing Beirut and on photography in Lebanon during 1848-1914. His collection is a reference for art historians, historians, urbanists and for all Lebanese eager to understand better its heritage. Photographs produced by Maison Bonfils during its establishment in Beirut in 1867 up to the first decade of the 20th century. Landscapes, Portraits of Palestine, Egypt, Syria and Lebanon, and few images of Turkey, Smyrna or Greece. Photographs on glass (glass plates positives and negatives), loose albumin prints conserved in portfolio, photographic albums, cartes de visite and cabinet cards, stereoscopic views. Images depicting the Middle East of the late 19th century, with an 'orientalist' perspective, sometimes a romantic approach, produced for the European market. Extent and format of original material: SERIES = 138 items from uncomplete series of Bonfils stereoscopic views and lantern magic slides; 3 printed catalogues FILES = 36 photographic albums; 1956 photographs, 27 portfolios; 747 ITEMS = 3 cabinet cards, 49 cartes de visite, 1 Wet collodion glass plate negative."

All images used with permission from the British Library Endangered Archives Collection

Acre

Acre
(c. 1867-1914)

Akko

Akko
(c. 1867-1914)

The al-Aqsa Mosque

The al-Aqsa Mosque
(c. 1867-1914)

The al-Aqsa Mosque
(c. 1867-1914)

The al-Aqsa Mosque
(c. 1867-1914)

The Arch of the Ecce Homo Church

The Arch of the Ecce
Homo Church

(c. 1867-1914)

The Arch of the Ecce
Homo Church

(c. 1893)

The Arch of the Ecce
Homo Church

(c. 1867-1914)

Armenian Church

An Armenian Church
(c. 1885)

Sanctuary in an
Armenian Church
(c. 1867-1914)

Bedouins

Bedouins
(c. 1867-1914)

A Bedouin Shiek
(c. 1867-1914)

Individuals Outside of a
Bedouin Tent

(c. 1867-1914)

Bedouins With Their
Children

(c. 1867-1914)

Bethany

Bethany
(c. 1867-1914)

Bethany
(c. 1867-1914)

Bethlehem

Bethlehem
(c. 1867-1914)

Bethlehem
(c. 1867-1914)

Bethlehem
(c. 1867-1914)

Bethlehem
(c. 1886)

Bethlehem
(c. 1867-1914)

Bethlehem Church
(c. 1867-1914)

Bethlehem Grotto of
Nativity

(c. 1867-1914)

Bethlehem Merchants Selling
Rosaries
(c. 1867-1914)

Pilgrims Entering Bethlehem
(c. 1867-1914)

View of Bethlehem from David's Well
(c. 1867-1914)

Camels

Camel Carrying Mail
(c. 1867-1914)

Camel Drivers
(c. 1867-1914)

Camel Drivers
(c. 1867-1914)

Camel Plowing
(c. 1893)

Church of Nativity

Church of Nativity
(c. 1867-1914)

Church of Nativity
(c. 1886)

Cave of Nativity

Cave of Nativity
(c. 1867-1914)

Cave of Nativity Manger
(c. 1867-1914)

Church of the Ascencion

Church of the Ascencion
(c. 1867-1914)

Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Greek Cathedral in the
Basilica of the Holy
Sepulcher

(c. 1867-1914)

Facade of the Church
of the Holy Sepulcher

(c. 1867-1914)

Church of the Holy Sepulcher
(c. 1867-1914)

Greek Cathedral in the
Basilica of the Holy
Sepulcher

(c. 1867-1914)

Gates of the Church
of the Holy Sepulcher

(c. 1867-1914)

Church of the Holy
Sepulcher
(c. 1867-1914)

Church of the Holy
Sepulcher

(c. 1867-1914)

Church of the Holy
Sepulcher

(c. 1886)

Church of St John

Church of St John
(c. 1867-1914)

Church of St John
(c. 1867-1914)

Dalieh

Dalieh
(c. 1867-1914)

Dalieh
(c. 1867-1914)

Dalieh
(c. 1867-1914)

Dalieh Front View
(c. 1867-1914)

Dalieh Rear View
(c. 1867-1914)

Dalieh Sitting Room
(c. 1867-1914)

Dalieh Vineyard
(c. 1867-1914)

Men at Dalieh
(c. 1867-1914)

Damascus Gate

Damascus Gate
(c. 1867-1914)

Damascus Gate
(c. 1867-1914)

David's Gate

David's Gate
(c. 1867-1914)

The Dead Sea

The Dead Sea and the
Judean Hills

(c. 1867-1914)

The Dead Sea
(c. 1867-1914)

The Dead Sea
(c. 1867-1914)

The Dome of the Rock

Details on the Dome
of the Rock

(c. 1867-1914)

The Dome of the Rock
(c. 1867-1914)

Inside the Dome of
the Rock

(c. 1867-1914)

Inside the Dome of the Rock
(c. 1867-1914)

The Dome of the Rock
(c. 1867-1914)

Druze

Chief Druze in Dalieh
(c. 1867-1914)

Druze Eating a Meal
(c. 1867-1914)

Druze in Dalieh Evening Roll Call
(c. 1867-1914)

Druze in Dalieh
(c. 1867-1914)

Druze Women
(c. 1867-1914)

Druze Women Gathering Stones
(c. 1867-1914)

Druze Women Gathering Stones
(c. 1867-1914)

Farmers

Farmer Plowing
His Field

(c. 1893)

The Field of Blood

The Field of Blood
(c. 1867-1914)

The Field of Blood
(c. 1867-1914)

The Field of Boaz

The Field of Boaz
(c. 1867-1914)

Fountain of Elisee

Fountain of Elisee
(c. 1867-1914)

Fountain of the Virgin

Fountain of the Virgin
(c. 1867-1914)

Galilee

Galilee
(c. 1867-1914)

Gethsemene

Gethsemene
(c. 1867-1914)

Gethsemene
(c. 1867-1914)

Gethsemene
(c. 1867-1914)

Olive Tree in the Garden
of Gethsemane
(c. 1867-1914)

The Golden Gate

The Golden Gate
(c. 1867-1914)

The Golden Gate
(c. 1867-1914)

The Golden Gate
(c. 1893)

The Golden Gate
(c. 1893)

Haifa

Haifa
(c. 1867-1914)

Haifa
(c. 1867-1914)

Home in Haifa
(c. 1867-1914)

Home in Haifa
(c. 1867-1914)

Haifa Family
(c. 1867-1914)

Haifa Family
(c. 1867-1914)

Haifa Family
(c. 1867-1914)

Haifa Family
(c. 1867-1914)

Hebron

Hebron
(c. 1874)

Hebron
(c. 1874)

Hezekiah Reservoir

Hesekiah Reservoir
(c. 1867-1914)

Jaffa

Jaffa
(c. 1867-1914)

Jaffa
(c. 1867-1914)

Boatmen in Jaffa
(c. 1867-1914)

Jaffa Bazaar
(c. 1867-1914)

Jaffa Bazaar
(c. 1867-1914)

Jaffa Sea View
(c. 1867-1914)

Jaffa Sea View
(c. 1867-1914)

Jaffa
(c. 1867-1914)

Fortress at Jaffa
Gate
(c. 1867-1914)

Jaffa Gate
(c. 1867-1914)

Jaffa Gate Entry Into
Jerusalem
(c. 1867-1914)

Jaffa Gate
(c. 1867-1914)

Jeremiah's Cave

Jeremiah's Cave
(c. 1867-1914)

Jericho

Jericho
(c. 1867-1914)

Jericho
(c. 1867-1914)

Jericho
(c. 1867-1914)

Jericho
(c. 1867-1914)

Jericho
(c. 1867-1914)

Jerusalem

Jerusalem
(c. 1886)

Entrance to the Fortress,
Jerusalem

(c. 1867-1914)

Jerusalem From the
Mount of Olives

(c. 1867-1914)

Jerusalem From the
Mount of Olives

(c. 1867-1914)

Jerusalem From the
Mount of Olives

(c. 1867-1914)

Jerusalem
(c. 1867-1914)

Panorama of Jerusalem
(c. 1867-1914)

Panorama of
Jerusalem

(c. 1867-1914)

Jerusalem
(c. 1867-1914)

Jewish Women

Jewish Women in
Costume

(c. 1893)

The Jordan River

The Jordan
River

(c. 1867-1914)

The Jordan River
in Bethlehem

(c. 1867-1914)

The Jordan River
(c. 1867-1914)

The Jordan River
(c. 1867-1914)

Joseph's Tomb

Joseph's Tomb
(c. 1867-1914)

Lane Leading to Herod's Palace

Lane Leading to
Herod's Palace

(c. 1867-1914)

Lane Leading to
Herod's Palace

(c. 1867-1914)

Lepers

Lepers in Jerusalem
(c. 1867-1914)

Lod

Lod
(c. 1867-1914)

The Marsaba Convent

The Marsaba Convent
(c. 1867-1914)

The Marsaba Convent
(c. 1867-1914)

Merchants

Street Merchants in
Jerusalem
(c. 1867-1914)

Merchants Selling
Legumes in Jerusalem

(c. 1867-1914)

Peasant Near Haifa
(c. 1867-1914)

Mount Carmel

Mount Carmel
(c. 1867-1914)

Mount Carmel Convent
(c. 1867-1914)

Mount of Olives

Mount of Olives
(c. 1867-1914)

Mount of Olives
(c. 1867-1914)

Mount of Olives
(c. 1867-1914)

Mount of Olives
(c. 1867-1914)

Mount Tabor

Mount Tabor
(c. 1867-1914)

Mosque of Omar

Mosque of Omar
(c. 1867-1914)

Mosque of Omar
(c. 1867-1914)

Mosque of Omar
(c. 1893)

Nain in Galilee

Nain in Galilee
(c. 1867-1914)

Nablus

Nablus
(c. 1867-1914)

Nazareth

Nazareth
(c. 1867-1914)

Nazareth
(c. 1867-1914)

Neapolis and Mount Erbal

Neapolis and Mount
Erbal

(c. 1867-1914)

Oak of Abraham, Hebron

Oak of Abraham, Hebron
(c. 1867-1914)

Pool of Bethesda

Pool of Bethesda
(c. 1867-1914)

Pool of Bethesda
(c. 1867-1914)

Pool of Siloam

Pool of Siloam
(c. 1867-1914)

Pool of Siloam
(c. 1867-1914)

Pulpit of the Cadi-Borhan-ed-din

Details on the Pulpit
of the Cadi Borhan-ed-din

(c. 1867-1914)

Rachel's Tomb

Rachel's Tomb
(c. 1867-1914)

Rameleh

Rameleh, View From
The Tower
(c. 1867-1914)

Rameleh
(c. 1867-1914)

Rameleh, Route to Jerusalem
(c. 1867-1914)

Ramla

Ramla
(c. 1867-1914)

Reservoir of Solomon

Reservoir of Solomon
(c. 1867-1914)

Robinson's Arch

Robinson's Arch,
Jerusalem (c. 1867-1914)

Samaria

Sebestieh, Samaria
(c. 1867-1914)

Siloam

Siloam
(c. 1867-1914)

Solomon's Pools

Solomon's Pools
(c. 1874)

Station 5

Station 5
(c. 1867-1914)

Stations 7&8

Stations 7&8 Calvary Greek Altar
(c. 1867-1914)

St. Anne's Church

St. Anne's Church
(c. 1867-1914)

St. Anne's Church
(c. 1867-1914)

St. Elias Convent

St. Elias Convent
(c. 1867-1914)

St. Jean of the Desert Monastery

St. Jean of the Desert Monastery
(c. 1867-1914)

St. Jean of the Desert Monastery
(c. 1867-1914)

St. Jean of the Desert Monastery
(c. 1867-1914)

The Stone of Unction

Stone of Unction
(c. 1867-1914)

Stone of Unction
(c. 1867-1914)

The Temple Mount

The Temple Mount
(c. 1867-1914)

Tiberias

Tiberias
(c. 1867-1914)

Tiberias
(c. 1867-1914)

Tiberias
(c. 1874)

Tomb of Absalom

Tomb of Absalom
(c. 1893)

Tomb of Absalom
(c. 1867-1914)

Tomb of David

Tomb of David
(c. 1867-1914)

Tomb of David, Room Where
the Last Supper Took Place
(c. 1867-1914)

Tomb of Lazarus

Tomb of Lazarus
(c. 1867-1914)

Tomb of the Kings of Judah Courtyard

Tomb of the
Kings of Judah
Courtyard

(c. 1867-1914)

Tomb of the Kings of Jerusalem

Tomb of the
Kings of Jerusalem
(c. 1867-1914)

Tomb of the
Kings of Jerusalem
(c. 1867-1914)

Tomb of the
Kings of Jerusalem
(c. 1867-1914)

Tomb of St Jacques

Tomb of St Jacques
(c. 1867-1914)

Tomb of the Virgin

Tomb of the
Virgin
(c. 1867-1914)

Tomb of the
Virgin
(c. 1867-1914)

Towers

Tower of the
40 Martyrs of
Palestine

(c. 1867-1914)

Tower of the
40 Martyrs of
Palestine

(c. 1867-1914)

Tower of the
40 Martyrs of
Palestine

(c. 1867-1914)

Tower of David
(c. 1867-1914)

Tower of David
(c. 1867-1914)

Tower of David
(c. 1867-1914)

Valley of Hinnom

Valley of Hinnom
(c. 1867-1914)

Valley of Josephat

Valley of Josephat
(c. 1867-1914)

Valley of Josephat
(c. 1867-1914)

Via Dolorosa

Via Dolorosa
Third Station

(c. 1867-1914)

Via Dolorosa
Fifth Station

(c. 1867-1914)

Well of Samaritan

Well of Samaritan
(c. 1867-1914)

The Western Wall

Description of The Wall
(c. 1867-1914)

The Western Wall on
A Friday

(c. 1867-1914)

Jews at the Western
Wall
(c. 1867-1914)

The Western Wall
(c. 1867-1914)

The Western Wall
(c. 1867-1914)

The Western Wall
(c. 1867-1914)

Where Jesus Left His Disciples to Pray

Where Jesus Left
His Disciples
To Pray

(c. 1867-1914)


Sources: The British Library Endangered Archives Collection