WEIGAND, THEODOR° (1864–1963), German archaeologist. Weigand went on expeditions for the Prussian Oriental Museum from 1895 and for a time was the scientific attaché in the German embassy in Constantinople. During World War I Weigand served as a staff member of the German Denkmalschutz-Kommando for the preservation of antiquities in Syria and Palestine and conducted a survey of the Negev – the first in which air photography was used in archaeological work – and of Petra. From 1911 to 1931 he was director of the antiquities department of the Berlin Museum, and from 1932 until his death the head of the German Archaeological Institute.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2007 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.