WARREN, SIR CHARLES° (1840–1927), British army officer, police commissioner, and archaeologist. Warren entered service in the Royal Engineers in 1857. He carried out a survey
Among his publications are The Recovery of Jerusalem (1871), Underground Jerusalem (1876), The Survey of Western Palestine (with C.R. Conder, 1884), and several works on problems of ancient weights and measures (especially The Early Weights and Measures of Mankind, 1913). Warren was one of the founders of the Palestine Exploration Fund and a member of its Executive Committee from 1871 until his death.
Warren was among those who advocated the Jewish settlement of Palestine (in The Land of Promise, 1875). In his opinion the country with its natural borders could absorb 15 million people if all its resources were exploited properly. Warren is most famous today for his time as commissioner of the Metropolitan Police from 1886 until 1889, when, among other things, he had to deal with the "Jack the Ripper" murders in Whitechapel. Warren acted with great sensitivity towards the large Jewish community in London's East End, ordering that antisemitic graffiti found near the scene of one murder be immediately erased, for fear that it would stir up anti-Jewish hostility. His role is discussed in all of the many accounts of the "Ripper" crimes, generally regarded as the most famous unsolved murders in history.
W.W. Williams, The Life of General Sir Charles Warren (1941). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online; P. Begg, Jack the Ripper: The Definitive History (2003), index.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.