Between 1994 and 2021, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)/ West Bank and Gaza Mission provided nearly $6 billion in economic assistance to Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza. USAID programs ceased in 2019 but were re-established in 2021.
Notes: All amounts are approximate. Amounts for FY2020 and FY2021 have been appropriated but not obligated. NAD
R = Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining, and Related Programs, INCLE = International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement, ESF = Economic Support Fund, OCO = Overseas Contingency Operations.
In March 2022, Congress approved $219 million in Palestinian aid for 2022. This was less than the $225 million the House and Senate initially proposed but more than President Joe Biden’s request.
Sources: U.S. State Department and USAID, adapted by CRS.
Jim Zanotti, “The Palestinians: Overview and Key Issues for U.S. Policy,” CRS, (January 28, 2021).
“West Bank and Gaza - Country Commercial Guide,” International Trade Administration, (October 26, 2021).
Marc Rod, “Spending bill includes funding for nonprofit security, Iron Dome, support for Abraham Accords,” JewishInsider, (March 10, 2022).
Marc Rod, “Israel enthusiastic about U.S. resuming Palestinian aid, Power tells Congress,” JewishInsider, (May 18, 2022).