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Triveth (Trevet), Nicholas°

TRIVETH (Trevet), NICHOLAS° (Trivetus; 1257/65–1334 or after), English theologian and historian. A Dominican preacher, Triveth taught at Oxford University and is best known for his English chronicle work, Annales sex Regum Angliae, covering the years 1136–1307 (published in Oxford, 1719). He also wrote a commentary on St. Augustine's De Civitate Dei (c. 1468–73). Many of his theological writings, manuscripts of which are in various Oxford and Cambridge libraries, reveal Triveth's extensive knowledge of Hebrew and rabbinic literature.

Outstanding among these is his commentary on Jerome's translation of the Psalms (In Psalterium, written 1317–20; Bodleian, Oxford). Triveth, a pioneer English Hebraist and the first recorded student of *Maimonides in England, often quotes the Guide of the Perplexed. His commentary was used by another medieval English Hebraist, Henry of Cossey, who was Triveth's contemporary at Cambridge. Other works by Triveth include De Computo Hebraeorum, and commentaries on Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and other books of the Old Testament. He lived on the Continent from about 1300 until 1314.


R. Loewe, in: V.D. Lipman (ed.), Three Centuries of Anglo-Jewish History (1961), 136ff.; idem, in: J.M. Shaftesley (ed.), Remember the Days. Essays… Presented to Cecil Roth (1966), 28ff.; B. Smalley, The Study of the Bible in the Middle Ages (19522), 400. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online.

Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2007 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.