SETUBAL, port in S. central Portugal; third largest city of continental Portugal. During the reign of John III (1521–57), Setubal became an important crypto-Jewish center as a result of the activities of the so-called Messiah of Setubal, Luis *Dias. Although poor and uneducated, Dias won the devotion of numerous *Marranos and even Christians. Unlike those of the remote districts, Setubal's Marrano community had become extinct by the 20th century (see *Portugal). A
Roth, Marranos, 146–8 (bibl.); R. Southey, Letters Written During a Short Residence in Spain and Portugal (1799), 320–50; A. Mendes, O Algarve e Setubal (1916).