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Victor° Ryssel

RYSSEL, VICTOR° (1849–1905), German Protestant Bible critic who taught at the University of Leipzig. The fruit of his activity as teacher appeared in writings on exegesis, hermeneutics, theology, and particularly in commentaries on the Bible and the Apocrypha.

For "Kurzgefasstes exegetisches Handbuch zum Alten Testament," he revised A. *Dillmann's Exodus-Leviticus (18973) and E. Bertheau's Esra, Nechemia und Esther (18872). His studies of the Prayer of Manasseh, the Additions to Esther, Ecclesiasticus, the Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch, and the Greek Apocalypse of Baruch, all of which appear in E. Kautzsch, Die Apokryphen und Pseudepigraphen des Alten Testaments (1900; 1921), represent the classic German investigation of this literature.

Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2007 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.