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Rosenmueller, Ernst Friedrich Karl°

ROSENMUELLER, ERNST FRIEDRICH KARL° (1768–1835), Protestant German Bible exegete and Orientalist. His academic career centered at the University of Leipzig where he taught from 1792 (full professor of Semitics, 1813). His Bible commentaries and Arab lexical studies were significant scholarly achievements.

He wrote: Scholia in Vetus Testamentum (16 pts., 1788–1817; excerpted in 5 pts., 1828–35); Handbuch fuer die Litteratur der biblischen Kritik und Exegese (4 pts., Goettingen, 1797–1800); Institutienes ad fundamenta linguae arabicae (Leipzig, 1818), with an Arab-Latin glossary; Das alte und neue Morgenland, oder Erlaeuterungen der heiligen Schrift aus der natuerlichen Beschaffenheit, den Sagen, Sitten und Gebraeuchen des Morgenlands (6 vols., 1818–20); Handbuch der biblischen Alterthumskunde (4 vols., 1823–31), of which portions concerning the flora, fauna and mineralogy of the Holy Land were translated into English (Biblical Geography of Asia Minor, Phoenicia, and Arabia, 1836; Biblical Geography of Central Asia, 2 vols., 1836–37; and Mineralogy and Botany of the Bible, 1840); and Analecta Arabica (1824).

Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.