PEVZNER, SAMUEL JOSEPH (1879–1930), Russian Zionist and pioneer in Palestine. Born in Propoisk, Belorussia, Pevzner was a delegate to the First Zionist Congress (1897) and a member of the *Democratic Fraction. He contributed to *Ha-Shilo'aḥ and other Hebrew papers under the pen name Shemu'el Ben-Natan. Pevzner graduated as an engineer from the Berlin Technical College and in 1905 emigrated to Ereẓ Israel. He settled in Haifa and was one of the builders and developers of the town. Together with N. *Wilbuschewitz and S. Itzkovitz, he established the Atid factory, the first modern enterprise for the manufacture of oil and soap. He was one of the founders of Hadar ha-Carmel, the central Jewish quarter in Haifa, and head of its development committee from 1922 to 1927. Pevzner was also active in the development of the *Technion and the Reali High School in the town; a member of the community council; and a delegate to the Asefat ha-Nivḥarim.
H. Aharonovich, Hadar ha-Karmel (1958), 7–21; Tidhar, 1 (1947), 354; I. Klausner, Oppoziẓyah le-Herzl (1960), index; S. Levin, Iggerot (1966), index.