OESTERLEY, WILLIAM OSCAR EMIL° (1866–1950), English Semitics scholar. Oesterley, who was born in Calcutta, was ordained a clergyman and taught Hebrew and Old Testament exegesis at King's College, London, from 1926. In his work he
Among his published writings are: The Jewish Background of Christian Liturgy (1925); (with T.H. Robinson) A History of Israel (vol. 2; From 586 B.C.E. to A.D. 135; 1932 and many reprints); Introduction to the Books of the Old Testament (with T.H. Robinson, 1934) and An Introduction to the Books of the Apocrypha (1935); The Jews and Judaism During the Greek Period (1941). Oesterley also wrote commentaries to Psalms (1939; repr. 1962) and Proverbs (1929), A Fresh Approach to the Psalms (1937) and a metric translation of the Song of Songs, Ancient Hebrew Poems (1938). Together with G.H. Box he wrote an outline of Jewish literature, A Short Survey of the Literature of Rabbinical and Mediaeval Judaism, 1920.