NEVERS, capital of the Nièvre department, central France. In 1208 Pope Innocent III protested vehemently to Hervé, count of Nevers, against the excessively advantageous conditions which he had granted the Jews of his town and county. This situation changed rapidly: in 1210 Hervé personally signed a promise that he would not retain any of the royal Jews fleeing to his lands from the king's demesne. Countess Mahaut ratified *Louis VIII's restrictive ordinance on the Jews immediately after its publication in 1224. Finally, Count Robert expelled the Jews from his county in 1294.
Gross, Gal Jud (1897), 387–8; R. de Lespinasse, Le Nivernais et les Comtes de Nevers, 2 (1911), 31f., 44, 116, 373; S. Grayzel, The Church and the Jews in the XIIIth Century (1966), index.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.