MALIK AL-RAMLĪ (of Ramleh in Ereẓ Israel; mid-ninth century), founder of the sect of Ramlites or Malikites. Like some other sectarians, Malik taught that Shavuot must fall only on a Sunday, that the fat tail of the sheep comes under the heading of forbidden fat, and that marriage to a niece is incestuous. Within a century or so the Ramlites vanished, probably having been absorbed into the larger sect of *Karaites.
Nemoy, in: HUCA, 7 (1930), 330, 389; idem, Karaite Anthology (1952), 53, 335; Mann, Texts, 2 (1935), 6, 11, 65 n. 117; Z. Ankori, Karaites in Byzantium (1959), 276n., 371n.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.