LODS, ADOLPHE° (1867–1948), French Protestant Bible scholar and historian. Lods was born in Courbevoie, near Paris. He served for a time as a pastor in Paris. After lecturing on Hebrew at the Faculté Théologique of Paris, in 1906 he began teaching Hebrew language and literature at the Sorbonne. He was elected to the Academie des Inscriptions in 1935. Lods published a study of Proverbs, L'Ecclésiaste et la philosophie grecque (1890); an edition of the book of Enoch from Greek fragments with variants from the Ethiopian text, translation, and notes, Le livre d'Hénoch (1892); and his major study, La croyance à la vie future et le culte des morts dans l'antiquité Israelite (2 vols., 1906). After the publication of Jean Astruc et la critique biblique au 18ième siecle (1924), Lods concentrated on more general studies, including Israël, des origines au 8ième siecle (1930; English trans. Israel from the Beginning to the Middle of the Eighth Century by S.H. Hooke, 1932) and its continuation Des Prophètes a Jésus (1935; English trans. of the first part, by S.H. Hooke, Prophets and the Rise of Judaism, 1937); La religion d'Israël (1939; Spanish trans. by A. Spivak, 1940); and Histoire de la littérature hébraïque et juive (to 135 C.E.; 1950). Lods published one of the earliest studies comparing Israelite prophecy with the related phenomenon in ancient *Mari in Syria of the second millennium B.C.E. He loved mountain climbing and was an accomplished watercolor painter.
Bayet, in: Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres (1957), 315–27; H.F. Hahn, The Old Testament in Modern Research (1956), 166–9. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Lods, in: H. Rowley (ed.), Studies in OT Prophecy Presented to T.H. Robinson (1950), 103–10; J. Bullard, in: DBI, 2:86.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.