KEFAR SZOLD (Heb. כְּפַר סֹאלְד), kibbutz on the eastern outskirts of the Ḥuleh Valley, Israel, affiliated to Ha-Kibbutz ha-Me'uḥad. It was founded in 1942 by pioneers from Hungary, Austria, and Germany, later joined by new members from South America and other countries. Until the *Six-Day War (June 1967) Kefar Szold was a constant target for the Syrian artillery position on the Golan slopes. Its farming was intensive, based on field crops, apple orchards, citrus groves, poultry, and cattle. The kibbutz also operated a factory producing batteries and rented guest rooms. In 2002 its population was 455. The kibbutz is named after Henrietta *Szold.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.