KAZNELSON, SIEGMUND (1893–1959), publisher and editor. Born in Warsaw, Kaznelson completed his studies at the German University in Prague. During his student days, he began publication of articles on Jewish and Zionist subjects in Die Welt and Selbstwehr, the Zionist periodical of Prague which he edited during World War I. After the war, he moved to Berlin, where he first worked on the editorial staff of M. *Buber's monthly, Der Jude. From 1920 he managed the Juedischer Verlag publishing house, which he developed into the largest publishing house of German Jewry. Under his management it published Herzl's diary, Dubnow's history, the Juedisches Lexikon, the works of Aḥad ha-Am, and other important Jewish works. In 1937 Kaznelson immigrated to Ereẓ Israel and took up residence in Jerusalem. While still in Germany he began his scientific-literary project on the role of the Jews in German culture. Part of this work was published during his lifetime; the rest was published posthumously as Juden im deutschen Kulturbereich (19623), Beethovens ferne und unsterbliche Geliebte (1954); Juedisches Schicksal in deutschen Geschichten (anthology, 1959); The Palestine Problem and its Solution (1946); and Zionismus und Voelkerbund (1922).
F. Weltsch, in: Haaretz (April 3, 1959); idem, in: MB (Mar. 26, 1954); Juedischer Verlag, Almanach: 1902–1964