(1880 - 1971)
Wilhelm List served as a General Field Marshall during
the Second World War. List
was born in Oberkirchberg on May 14, 1880, into a doctor's family. Serving
in World War I and the Freikorps, List held commands in the Reichswehr
from 1923-1926. List climbed the ladder in the Reichswehr becoming a
Lieutenant General in 1932 and gaining command of the Fourth Army three years later.
A Generaloberst by 1939,
List lead the Fourteenth Army in the invasion of Poland and commanded the Twelve Army's assault on France in 1940. Awarded
with a promotion to General Field Marshal in July of 1940,
List was instrumental in arranging an agreement with the Bulgarians
allowing the Wehrmacht to enter Greece via Bulgaria.
Commander-in-Chief of German armies in the Balkans
from June through October of 1941,
List's fortune changed dramatically as his armies moved into the Soviet
Union. Hitler dismissed
List on September 10, 1942,
claiming that his Field Marshall failed to break the Russian line in
the Caucasus. The American military tribunal at Nuremberg tried and sentenced List to life imprisonment in 1948. He was pardoned
in 1953 and died on June 18, 1971, in Garmisch.
Sources: Wistrich, Robert. Who's
Who in Nazi Germany, Routledge, 1995.