(1899 - 1968)
Wilhelm Heinz served as an officer in World War I.
He later joined the Freikorps and the SA. He was expelled from the Nazi
An early conspirator, Heinz was deeply involved in
the 1938 and 1939 coup attempts. He was to have led a commando raid on Hitler's
Chancellory on both occasions. He carefully put together an assault
force of 50 trusted commandos, and assumed responsibility for planning
and leading the raid, which was to have taken place at the height of
the Czech-Sudetenland crisis.
As Europe held its breath in late September 1938,
wondering whether Britain and France would threaten military action
to defend Czechoslovakia, Major Heinz and his 50 commandos hid in safehouses
in Berlin armed and ready to
storm the Chancellery at a given signal from their co-conspirators in
the Army High Command. But British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's
decision to agree to Hitler's terms in Munich torpedoed the coup.
At this early stage in the conspiracy, all but two
conspirators — Major Heinz and General
Hans Oster — are opposed to assassinating Hitler on ethical
grounds. But Heinz and Oster agree that only assassination can guarantee
the success of the coup. They therefore hatch a secret plot between
them in which Heinz will arrange for Hitler to be killed in the crossfire
when his commandos storm the Chancellory.
Heinz planned another attack in October 1939, but
the second coup attempt was aborted.
20, 1944, Heinz was in the Bendlerstrasse, prepared to lead a task
force, but he is unable to do so when the coup attempt collapses. He
managed to evade capture and survived both the regime and the war by
disappearing underground in Berlin.
Heinz later became a municipal politician in the Soviet
zone and finally a controversial employee in the defense department
of the West German government.
Sources: Joric Center