Relationships Between Jews & Arabs


To what extent are you familiar with the principles of (for Jews - Islam/Christianity, for Arab - Judaism): (Interreligious Coordinating Council in Israel, December 2006)

 
Israeli Jews
Israeli Arabs
Greatly familiar
10.6%
3.6%
Considerably
14.2%
13.4%
To an extent
35.6%
32.4%
Little
19.1%
20.3%
Barely
3.5%
12.1%
Not at all
15.4%
15.2%
Refuse reply
1.7%
3%

Does the lack of familiarity with the principles of the religions cause a worsening of the Jewish-Arab conflict in Israel? (Interreligious Coordinating Council in Israel, December 2006)

 
Israeli Jews
Israeli Arabs
Absolutely yes
15.5%
17.2%
Yes
32.6%
25.6%
Think no
28.0%
25.1%
Certain no
19.2%
13.2%
No reply
4.6%
18.9%

How would you describe the relationship of trust between Jews and Arabs in the country today? (Interreligious Coordinating Council in Israel, December 2006)

 
Israeli Jews
Israeli Arabs
Very Good
1.3%
5.4%
Good
14.4%
46.8%
Bad
43.9%
27.6%
Very bad
39.2%
10.3%
No reply
1.3%
9.9%

To what extent do you think that religious leaders can contribute to the building of trust between Jews and Arabs in the country? (Interreligious Coordinating Council in Israel, December 2006)

 
Israeli Jews
Israeli Arabs
Very much
29.2%
15.7%
Considerably
23.5%
17.2%
Middle
19.2%
35.2%
Little
11.0%
9.1%
Very little
14.4%
6.8%
No reply
2.7%
15.9%

Do you support or oppose that education students and students in school learn about members of other faiths? (Interreligious Coordinating Council in Israel, December 2006)

 
Israeli Jews
Israeli Arabs
Support
80.7%
85.0%
Oppose
17.8%
10.6%
Refuse reply
1.5%
4.4%

The Ministry of the Treasury asserted this week that the reduction in the child allowances caused a drop in the birth rates of Israeli Arabs. Do you think that it is justified for the Treasury to take such things into consideration? (Maariv, January 28, 2005)

Yes 32%
No 62%

I would prefer not live next door to a Palestinian / [Jew] / {Israeli}. (PORI, September 2003)

  Israeli Jews Israeli Arabs Palestinians
Strongly Agree
54%
[24%]
(33%}
Somewhat Agree
16%
[16%]
{17%}
Somewhat Disagree
14%
[17%]
{22%}
Strongly Disagree
14%
[42%]
{23%}
Don't Know
2%
[2%]
{6%}

Questions asked only of Palestinians

Five to ten years from now, how do you see relations between Palestinians and Israelis? (Source: PSR, July 2000)

  Total (7/00) Total (7/01) West Bank (7/00) West Bank (7/01) Gaza Strip (7/00) Gaza Strip (7/01)

1) As they are now

17.0

17.5

16.1

2) More peace and cooperation

23.7

11.1

22.2

12.1

26.1

9.5

3) Less peace and cooperation

14.5

22.4

12.2

23.5

18.2

20.6

4) Conflict and violence

31.4

58.5

34.5

54.4

26.6

65.0

5) Others (Specify ------ )

13.4

8.0

13.6

10.0

13.0

5.0

After reaching a peace agreement between the Palestinian side and Israel and the establishment of a Palestinian state that is recognized by Israel, would you, under these conditions of peace, invite an Israeli colleague to visit you in your home? (Source: PSR)

  Total (7/00) Total (7/01) Total (12/01) Total (5/02) Total (8/02) Total (11/02) West Bank (7/00) West Bank (7/01) West Bank (12/01) West Bank (5/02) West Bank (8/02) West Bank (11/02) Gaza Strip (7/00) Gaza Strip (7/01) Gaza Strip (12/01) Gaza Strip (5/02) Gaza Strip (8/02) Gaza Strip (11/02)

1. Definitely yes

6.8
4.6

6.1

3.8
6.5
5.5
5.2
4.2

4.8

3.1
6.9
5.2
9.3
5.3

8.3

4.9
5.9
6.1

2. Yes

34.3
22.5

30.5

28.6
30.5
31.5
35.8
24.4

32.6

30.2
33.0
35.6
32.0
19.4

27.1

26.0
26.6
24.8

3. No

33.9
31.8

38.3

38.4
37.0
39.3
36.1
36.3

42.8

47.2
38.3
42.5
30.4
24.7

30.6

24.5
34.9
34.1

4. Definitely no

23.1
39.0

24.0

27.1
25.0
22.1
20.6
32.7

18.5

17.6
20.4
15.0
27.0
49.2

33.4

42.4
32.3
33.7

5. Don稚 Know

1.9
2.1

1.0

2.1
0.9
1.6
2.2
2.5

1.3

2.0
1.4
1.7
1.3
1.4

0.6

2.2
0.2
1.4

After reaching a peace agreement between the Palestinian side and Israel and the establishment of a Palestinian state that is recognized by Israel, would you, under these conditions of peace, visit an Israeli colleague in his home? (Source: PSR)

  Total (7/00) Total (7/01) Total (12/01) Total (5/02)

Total (8/02)

Total (11/02) West Bank (7/00) West Bank (7/01) West Bank (12/01) West Bank (5/02) West Bank (8/02) West Bank (11/02) Gaza Strip (7/00) Gaza Strip (7/01) Gaza Strip (12/01) Gaza Strip (5/02) Gaza Strip (8/02) Gaza Strip (11/02)

1. Definitely yes

6.8
5.2

5.9

3.9
6.8
5.8
5.1
4.4

4.6

3.0
7.7
5.7
9.4
6.5

8.1

5.5
5.5
6.0

2. Yes

34.3
22.5

29.5

27.2
28.6
31.4
35.9
23.1

30.7

29.0
31.1
35.3
31.8
21.5

27.5

24.3
24.5
25.2

3. No

34.0
31.6

37.5

39.6
38.8
41.0
37.1
37.0

42.5

47.7
40.8
42.9
29.4
22.9

29.2

26.6
35.5
38.1

4. Definitely no

23.2
39.5

25.8

27.3
24.8
20.3
20.2
33.4

20.6

18.1
19.4
14.6
27.7
48.4

34.6

42.0
33.5
29.6

5. Don稚 Know

1.8
1.5

1.3

2.0
1.0
1.4
1.7
2.1

1.6

2.2
1.0
1.6
1.7
0.6

0.6

1.6
1.0
1.2

Joint poll questions asked of Palestinians and Israelis

Would you mind an Israeli (Palestinian) to be your personal friend? (Source: JMCC/Steinmetz Poll, December 1997)

PA PA  
Palestinian Area
PA   PA PA   Israel  
Israel
Israel   Israel  
Total (12/97)
Total (2/99) Palestinian Total (12/00)
West Bank  (12/97)
West Bank (2/99) West Bank (12/00)
Gaza Strip (12/97)
Gaza Strip (2/99) Gaza Strip (12/00) Total (2/99)
Israeli Total  (12/00)
Jews  (12/00)
Jews (2/99)
Israeli Jews (12/00)
Arabs (2/99)
Israeli Arab (12/00)
Yes
50.8% 
51.1
75.3
44.9%
45.9
70.5
61.8%
61.4
83.6
24.2
33.4
22.6%
26.5
37.6
7.7
 2.2
No
46.7%
44.4
21.8
52.4%
49.1
26.9
36.1%
35.9
13.0
71.4
60.9
73.9%
69.1
56.1
90.3
9637
No answer 
2.5%
4.1
2.9
2.7%
5.0
2.6
2.0%
2.7
3.4
4.4
5.7
3.6%
4.4
6.4
2.0
1.1

If a peace settlement is reached between the Israelis and the Palestinians in the future, would you still have a problem taking an Israeli (Palestinians) as a friend? (Source: JMCC/Steinmetz Poll, December 1997)

Palestinian Authority PA  
Palestinian Area
PA   PA PA   Israel
Israel
  Israel Israel   Israel  
Total (12/97)
Total (2/99) Palestinian Total (12/00)
West Bank  (12/97)
West Bank (2/99) West Bank (12/00)
Gaza Strip (12/97)
Gaza Strip (2/99) Gaza Strip (12/00) Jews (2/99)
Jews  (12/97)
Israeli Jews (12/00)
Arabs (2/99)
Arab (12/97) 
Israeli Arab (12/00)
Total (2/99)
Israeli Total  (12/00)
Yes
75.7% 
77.2
82.1
78.0%
74.1
77.2
72.8%
81.1
89.1
71.7
83.2%
70.3
38.5
0.0%
8.2 
71.5
69.6
No
20.4%
16.3
15.5
17.7%
18.4
19.6
24.1%
13.7
9.5
17.7
11.5%
13.5
27.7
0.0%
5.4
17.7
13.5
No answer 
3.9%
6.5
2.4
4.3%
7.5
3.2
3.1%
5.2
1.4
10.6
5.3%
16.7
33.8
0.0%
86.4
10.8
16.8

Did you have in the past, or do you have today any personal or business relationships with Israeli (Palestinian) civilians. (Source: JMCC/Steinmetz Poll, December 1997) 
 
Palestinian Area
PA Israel  
Israel
Total (12/97)
Total (2/99)
West Bank  (12/97)
West Bank (2/99)
Gaza Strip (12/97)
Gaza Strip (2/99)
Total  (12/97)
Total (2/99)
Jews  (12/97)
Jews (2/99)
Arab  (12/97)
Arab (2/99)
Yes
22.1% 
25.7
23.7%
27.7
19.2%
22.3
32.0%
25.1
27.0%
19.8
72.0%
66.4
No
77.6%
74.0
76.1%
71.9
80.3%
77.7
67.5%
74.3
72.7%
79.5
25.0%
32.7
No answer
0.3%
0.3
0.2%
0.4
0.5%
0.0
0.6%
0.6
0.3%
0.6
3.1%
0.9

How would you describe these relations? (Source: JMCC/Steinmetz Poll, December 1997) 
 
Palestinian Area
 
Israel
Total (12/97)
Total (2/99)
West Bank  (12/97)
West Bank (2/99)
Gaza Strip (12/97)
Gaza Strip (2/99)
Total (12/97)
Total (2/99)
Jews  (12/97)
Jews (2/99)
Arab (12/97)
Arab (2/99)
Pleasant relationships 
53.4% 
46.3%
51.1%
51.2%
58.8%
35.7
71.7%
73.4
73.2%
70.5
59.9%
80.9
Unpleasant relationships 
7.6%
13.3%
7.1%
11.4%
8.8%
17.3
3.6%
4.1
3.3%
5.4
6.3%
1.7
Sometimes pleasant, sometime unpleasant 
37.4%
37.9%
39.6%
35.5%
32.4%
42.9
22.9%
21.7
23.5%
23.1
17.7%
17.2
Don't Know/No answer
1.6%
2.5%
2.2%
1.9%
0.0%
4.1
2.2%
0.8
0.5%
1.1
16.1%
0.3

What is your opinion about the following statement: In order to strengthen the support for peace among the Israelis and Palestinians the relationships between the two people should be depended in all areas. (Source: JMCC/Steinmetz Poll, December 1997)  

Palestinian Area
Israel
Total
West Bank 
Gaza Strip
Total 
Jews 
Arab 
Strongly agree
9.9% 
7.0%
15.1%
38.3%
40.2%
23.2%
Agree
55.4%
58.8%
49.3%
38.7%
37.0%
52.2%
Disagree
21.7%
22.1%
20.9%
11.5%
11.2%
14.1%
Strongly disagree 
9.1%
7.2%
12.7%
6.3%
6.7%
2.7%
No answer 
3.9%
4.9%
2.0%
5.3%
5.0%
7.7%

What about if a Palestinian state is estabished, would you still say that the relationship between the two peoples should not be strengthened? (Source: JMCC/Steinmetz Poll, December 1997)
Palestinian Area
Israel
Total
West Bank 
Gaza Strip
Jews 
Arab 
Yes
69.3% 
66.2%
74.3%
0.0%
35.2%
No
26.8%
29.8%
22.1%
0.0%
46.4%
No answer 
3.9%
4.0%
3.6%
0.0%
0.1%

Now I am going to show you a list of characteristics that could be used to describe the Israelis (Palestinians), using the following scale (show scale), please indicate how you describe the Israelis (Palestinians): (Source: JMCC/Steinmetz Poll)

- Violent:
   
Palestinian Area
       
Israel
Total (12/97)
Total (2/99) Total (12/00)
West Bank  (12/97)
West Bank (2/99) West Bank (12/00)
Gaza Strip (12/97)
Gaza Strip (2/99) Gaza Strip (12/00) Total (2/99) Total (12/00)
Jews  (12/97)
Jews (2/99) Jews (12/00)
Arab  (12/97)
Arab (2/99) Arab (12/00)
1. Non-Violent 
3.5% 
4.7
1.9
3.3%
3.5
2.8
4.1%
6.8
0.5
9.6
8.9
6.5%
6.7
3.6
16.6%
34.1
50.2
2.
3.8%
3.7
1.6
3.1%
2.8
2.2
5.0%
5.2
0.5
8.6
6.1
13.6%
8.7
5.2
10.7%
11.1
13.6
3.
14.9%
16.0
1.3
16.4%
16.8
1.6
12.3%
16.8
0.7
33.0
17.8
41.0%
33.7
17.7
38.3%
27.1
17.1
4.
14.3%
17.9
6.9
13.5%
23.0
7.5
15.6%
23.0
5.9
15.1
16.4
17.0%
16.1
17.5
15.8%
7.2
9.4
5. Violent
63.0%
57.6
87.5
63.6%
48.2
85.1
62.0%
48.2
91.6
20.5
46.2
22.0%
21.2
51.5
18.6%
15.0
6.6
No answer
0.5%
0.1
0.8
0.1%
0.1
0.8
1.0%
0.0
0.8
12.7
4.5
0.0%
13.6
4.6
3.3%

5.5

3.1

- Honest:  
   
Palestinian Area
PA   Israel  
Israel
Total (12/97)
Total (2/99) Total (12/00)
West Bank  (12/97)
West Bank (2/99) West Bank (12/00)
Gaza Strip (12/97)
Gaza Strip (2/99) Gaza Strip (12/00) Total (2/99) Total (12/00)
Jews  (12/97)
Jews (2/99) Jews (12/00)
Arab (12/97)
Arab (2/99) Arab (12/00)
1. Dishonest
53.4% 
50.0
70.9
54.4%
49.5
66.5
51.7%
7.0
78.4
21.9
35.1
23.2%
23.3
38.8
19.6%
10.2
8.5
2.
8.9%
17.0
10.9
9.8%
17.1
13.2
7.5%
8.2
7.0
10.9
11.9
18.3%
11.4
12.7
14.8%
6.5
4.6
3.
17.7%
17.2
6.3
18.1%
18.4
6.5
17.1%
23.0
5.9
29.9
21.7
37.4%
30.9
22.3
38.1%
21.6
18.7
4.
7.8%
7.7
3.0
6.2%
7.0
4.1
10.6%
26.1
1.1
10.8
10.4
13.1%
10.2
9.5
20.3%
15.7
14.3
5. Honest
10.2%
8.1
7.8
9.9%
7.9
8.6
10.8%
35.2
6.6
12.0
14.4
8.1%
8.7
10.5
7.1%
39.5
45.5
No answer
2.0%
0.0
1.1
1.6%
0.1
1.1
2.3%
0.0
1.0
14.5
6.5
0.0%
15.5
6.2
2.6%
6.5
8.3

- Intelligent:  
 
Palestinian Area
  Israel
Israel
Total (12/97)
Total (2/99)
West Bank  (12/97)
West Bank (2/99)
Gaza Strip (12/97)
Gaza Strip (2/99) Total (2/99)
Jews  (12/97)
Jews (2/99)
Arab  (12/97)
Arabs (2/99)
1. Unintelligent 
7.8% 
7.9
7.7%
8.4
7.9%
7.0
14.5
19.0%
16.1
7.1%
1.2
2.
4.0%
7.7
4.3%
7.4
3.4%
8.2
13.3
17.8%
14.3
8.9%
4.5
3.
16.4%
20.3
16.6%
18.8
15.9%
23.0
31.3
43.9%
33.5
21.3%
11.2
4.
16.6%
22.9
17.4%
21.0
15.1%
26.1
13.4
13.1%
13.5
22.9%
12.2
5. Intelligent
54.3%
41.0
53.2%
44.4
56.3%
35.2
13.9
6.1%
7.7
39.7%
65.4
No answer
0.9%
0.2
0.8%
0.0
1.4%
0.5
13.8
0.0%
14.8
2.7%
5.5

Strong:
 
Israeli Total  (12/00)
Israeli Jews (12/00)
Israeli Arab (12/00)
Palestinian Total (12/00) West Bank (12/00) Gaza Strip (12/00)
n= 1004
n=503
n=501
n=1199
n=759
n=440
Weak
19.9
21.1
11.9 
14.9
15.7
13.6
13.2
13.9
7.8
8.3
7.1
10.5
In between
25.2
26.0
17.5
16.6
17.9
14.3
15.0
15.3
11.1
16.3
16.1
16.8
Strong
20.8
17.7
46.6
42.8
42.2
43.9
Don't know
5.9
6.0
5.1
1.1
1.0
0.9

Questions asked only of Palestinians

On a scale of 1 through 5, how would you evaluate your proficiency in the  Hebrew language? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999)

Compromise
Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
I know nothing at all  (1) 
 68.2
 67.9
68.9 
I don't know (2)
 8.8
 10.5
 5.7
In between  (3)
 11.9
 11.8
 12.1
I know a little (4)
 5.3
 4.8
 5.9
Fluent (5)
 5.3
 4.5
 6.9
No answer
0.5
0.5
0.5

Conversation
Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
I know nothing at all (1) 
 69.3
 69.5
69.1 
I don't know (2)
 9.3
 9.7
 8.7
In between  (3)
 10.1
 9.7
 10.8
I know a little (4)
 4.9
 4.7
 5.3
Fluent (5)
 5.2
 4.7
 5.9
No answer
1.2
1.7
0.2

Reading
Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
I know nothing at all  (1)
 79.0
 80.7
76.0 
I don't know (2)
 7.2
 6.0
 9.3
In between  (3)
 6.6
 5.8
 8.0
I know a little (4)
 3.1
 3.1
 3.0
Fluent (5)
 3.7
 3.9
 3.2
No answer
0.4
0.5
0.5
Writing
Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
I know nothing at all (1) 
 80.0
 82.4
77.8 
I don't know (2)
 6.0
 4.3
 9.2
In between  (3)
 6.1
 5.6
 7.0
I know a little (4) 
 2.7
 2.8
 2.5
Fluent (5)
 3.8
 4.2
 3.0
No answer
0.6
0.7
0.5

When do you usually use the Hebrew Language? (Source: JMCC Poll, August 1999) 

Total 
West Bank 
Gaza Strip 
To watch TV 
 8.5
 6.2
12.6 
Liten to the radio
 0.3
 0.5
 0.0
Read the newspapers 
 0.3
 0.4
 0.0
For official bureaucratic issues
 2.3
 3.4
 0.5
Working needs
 17.3
 19.4
 13.7
Chat with friends/social issues
1.8
2.3
0.9
Follow up cultural events/ movies
2.3
2.2
2.3
Others
2.5
2.7
2.3
No answer
64.7
62.9
67.7


Source: JMCC - Jerusalem Media & Communications Centre, PSR - Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research