Join Our Mailing List

Sponsor Us!

Military Threats to Israel:
Signatories to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)


Military Threats: Table of Contents | Military Balance | Iranian Threat


Print Friendly and PDF
As of October 2013, 189 recognized states are party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
Montenegro is the most recent signatory from June 2006. North Korea withdrew its signature in January 2003. Three countries - India, Israel, & Pakistan - have never signed.

Country
Date of Signature
Date of Ratification
Method

 

Afghanistan
July 1, 1968
February 4, 1970
Ratification
Albania
September 12, 1990
Accession
Algeria
January 12, 1995
Accession
Andorra
June 7, 1996
Accession
Antigua and Barbuda
June 17, 1985
Succession (from UK)
Angola
October 15, 1996
Accession
Argentina
February 10, 1995
Accession
Armenia
June 21, 1993
Accession
Australia
February 27, 1970
January 23, 1973
Ratification
Austria
July 1, 1968
June 27, 1969
Ratification
Azerbaijan
September 22, 1992
Accession
Bahamas
August 11, 1976
Succession (from UK)
Bahrain
November 3, 1988
Accession
Bangladesh
August 31, 1979
Accession
Barbados
July 1, 1968
February 21, 1980
Ratification
Belarus
February 9, 1993
Accession
Belgium
August 20, 1968
May 2, 1975
Ratification
Belize
August 9, 1985
Succession (from UK)
Benin
July 1, 1968
October 31, 1972
Ratification
Bhutan
May 23, 1985
Accession
Bolivia
July 1, 1968
May 26, 1970
Ratification
Bosnia & Herzegovina
August 15, 1994
Succession (from Yugoslavia)
Botswana
July 1, 1968
April 28, 1969
Ratification
Brazil
September 18, 1998
Accession
Brunei
March 26, 1985
Accession
Bulgaria
July 1, 1968
September 5, 1969
Ratification
Burkina Faso
November 25, 1968
March 3, 1970
Ratification
Burundi
March 19, 1971
Accession
Cambodia
June 2, 1972
Accession
Cameroon
July 17, 1968
January 8, 1969
Ratification
Canada
July 23, 1968
January 8, 1969
Ratification
Cape Verde
October 24, 1979
Accession
Central African Republic
October 25, 1970
Accession
Chad
July 1, 1968
March 10, 1971
Ratification
Chile
May 25, 1995
Accession
China
March 9, 1992
Accession
Colombia
July 1, 1968
April 8, 1986
Ratification
Comoros
October 4, 1995
Accession
Congo
October 23, 1978
Accession
Costa Rica
July 1, 1968
March 3, 1970
Ratification
Cote d'Ivoire
July 1, 1968
March 6, 1973
Ratification
Croatia
June 29, 1992
Succession (from Yugoslavia)
Cyprus
July 1, 1968
February 10, 1970
Ratification
Czech Republic
January 1, 1993
Succession
(from Czechoslovakia)
Democratic Republic of Congo
July 22, 1968
August 4, 1970
Ratification (as Zaire)
Denmark
July 1, 1968
January 3, 1969
Ratification
Djibouti
October 16, 1996
Accession
Dominica
August 10, 1984
Succession (from UK)
Dominican Republic
July 1, 1968
July 24, 1971
Ratification
Ecuador
July 9, 1968
March 7, 1969
Ratification
Egypt
July 1, 1968
February 26, 1981
Ratification
El Salvador
July 1, 1968
July 11, 1972
Ratification
Equatorial Guinea
November 1, 1984
Accession
Eritrea
March 16, 1995
Accession
Estonia
January 7, 1992
Accession
Ethiopia
September 5, 1968
February 5, 1970
Ratification
Fiji
July 21, 1972
Succession (from UK)
Finland
July 1, 1968
February 5, 1969
Ratification
France
August 2, 1992
Accession
Gabon
February 19, 1974
Accession
The Gambia
September 4, 1968
May 12, 1975
Ratification
Georgia
March 7, 1994
Accession
Germany
November 28, 1969
May 2, 1975
Ratification (as West Germany)
Ghana
July 1, 1968
May 4, 1970
Ratification
Greece
July 1, 1968
March 11, 1970
Ratification
Grenada
September 2, 1975
Succession (from UK)
Guatemala
July 26, 1968
September 22, 1970
Ratification
Guinea
April 29, 1985
Accession
Guinea-Bissau
August 20, 1976
Accension
Guyana
October 19, 1993
Accession
Haiti
July 1, 1968
June 2, 1970
Ratification
Holy See
February 25, 1971
Accession
Honduras
July 1, 1968
May 16, 1973
Ratification
Hungary
July 1, 1968
May 27, 1969
Ratification
Iceland
July 1, 1968
May 18, 1969
Ratification
Indonesia
March 2, 1970
July 12, 1979
Ratification
Iran
July 1, 1968
February 2, 1970
Ratification
Iraq
July 1, 1968
October 29, 1969
Ratification
Ireland
July 1, 1968
July 1, 1968
Ratification
Italy
January 28, 1969
May 2, 1975
Ratification
Jamaica
April 14, 1969
March 5, 1970
Ratification
Japan
February 3, 1970
June 8, 1976
Ratification
Jordan
July 10, 1968
February 11, 1970
Ratification
Kazakhstan
February 14, 1994
Accession
Kenya
July 1, 1968
June 11, 1970
Ratification
Kiribati
April 18, 1985
Succession (from UK)
Korea, South
July 1, 1968
April 23, 1975
Ratification
Kuwait
August 15, 1968
November 17, 1989
Ratification
Kyrgyzstan
July 5, 1994
Accession
Laos
July 1, 1968
February 20, 1970
Ratification
Latvia
January 31, 1992
Accession
Lebanon
July 1, 1968
July 15, 1970
Ratification
Lesotho
July 1, 1968
May 20, 1970
Ratification
Liberia
July 1, 1968
March 5, 1970
Ratification
Libya
July 18, 1968
May 26, 1975
Ratification
Liechtenstein
April 20, 1978
Accession
Lithuania
September 23, 1991
Accession
Luxembourg
August 14, 1968
May 2, 1975
Ratification
Macedonia
March 30, 1995
Succession (from Yugoslavia)
Madagascar
August 22, 1968
October 8, 1970
Ratification
Malawi
February 18, 1986
Accession
Malaysia
July 1, 1968
March 5, 1970
Ratification
Maldive Islands
September 11, 1968
April 7, 1970
Ratification
Mali
July 14, 1969
February 10, 1970
Ratification
Malta
April 17, 1969
February 6, 1970
Ratification
Marshall Islands
January 30, 1995
Accession
Mauritania
October 26, 1993
Accession
Mauritius
July 1, 1968
April 8, 1969
Ratification
Mexico
July 26, 1968
January 21, 1969
Ratification
Micronesia
April 14, 1995
Accession
Moldova
October 11, 1994
Accession
Monaco
March 13, 1995
Accession
Mongolia
July 1, 1968
May 15, 1969
Ratification
Montenegro
 
June 3, 2006
Accension
Morocco
July 1, 1968
November 27, 1970
Ratification
Mozambique
September 4, 1990
Accession
Myanmar
December 2, 1992
Accession
Namibia
October 2, 1992
Accession
Nauru
June 7, 1982
Accession
Nepal
July 1, 1968
January 5, 1970
Ratification
Netherlands
August 20, 1968
May 2, 1975
Ratification
New Zealand
July 1, 1968
September 10, 1969
Ratification
Nicaragua
July 1, 1968
March 6, 1973
Ratification
Niger
October 9, 1992
Accession
Nigeria
July 1, 1968
September 27, 1968
Ratification
Norway
July 1, 1968
February 5, 1969
Ratification
Oman
January 23, 1997
Accession
Palau
April 14, 1995
Accession
Panama
July 1, 1968
January 13, 1977
Ratification
Papua New Guinea
January 13, 1982
Accession
Paraguay
July 1, 1968
February 4, 1970
Ratification
Peru
July 1, 1968
March 3, 1970
Ratification
Philippines
July 1, 1968
October 5, 1972
Ratification
Poland
July 1, 1968
June 12, 1969
Ratification
Portugal
December 15, 1977
Accession
Qatar
April 3, 1989
Accession
Romania
July 1, 1968
February 4, 1970
Ratification
Russia
July 1, 1968
March 5, 1970
Ratification (as USSR)
Rwanda
May 20, 1975
Accession
St. Kitts and Nevis
November 6, 1984
Succession (from UK)
St. Lucia
December 28, 1979
Succession (from UK)
St. Vincent & Grenadines
November 6, 1984
Succession (from UK)
San Marino
July 1, 1968
August 10, 1970
Ratification
Sao Tome & Principe
July 20, 1983
Accession
Saudi Arabia
October 3, 1988
Accession
Senegal
July 1, 1968
December 17, 1970
Ratification
Serbia
 
January 1, 1993
Succession (from Yugoslavia)
Seychelles
March 12, 1985
Accession
Sierra Leone
February 26, 1975
Accession
Singapore
February 5, 1970
March 10, 1976
Ratification
Slovakia
January 1, 1993
Succession
(from Czechoslovakia)
Slovenia
April 7, 1992
Succession (from Yugoslavia)
Solomon Islands
June 17, 1981
Succession (from UK)
Somalia
July 1, 1968
March 5, 1970
Ratification
South Africa
July 10, 1991
Accession
Spain
November 5, 1987
Accession
Sri Lanka
July 1, 1968
March 5, 1979
Ratification
Sudan
December 24, 1968
October 31, 1973
Ratification
Suriname
June 30, 1976
Succession (from Netherlands)
Swaziland
June 24, 1969
December 11, 1969
Ratification
Sweden
August 19, 1968
January 9, 1970
Ratification
Switzerland
November 27, 1969
March 9, 1977
Ratification
Syrian Arab Republic
July 1, 1968
September 24, 1969
Ratification
Taiwan
July 1, 1968
January 27, 1970
Ratification
Tajikistan
January 17, 1994
Accession
Tanzania
May 31, 1991
Accession
Thailand
December 7, 1972
Accession
Togo
July 1, 1968
February 26, 1970
Ratification
Tonga
July 7, 1971
Succession (from UK)
Trinidad & Tobago
August 20, 1968
October 30, 1968
Ratification
Tunisia
July 1, 1968
February 26, 1970
Ratification
Turkey
January 28, 1969
April 17, 1980
Ratification
Tuvalu
January 19, 1979
Succession (from UK)
Turkmenistan
September 29, 1994
Accession
Uganda
October 20, 1982
Accession
Ukraine
December 5, 1994
Accession
United Arab Emirates
September 26, 1995
Accession
United Kingdom
July 1, 1968
November 27, 1968
Ratification
United States
July 1, 1968
March 5, 1970
Ratification
Uruguay
July 1, 1968
August 31, 1970
Ratification
Uzbekistan
May 7, 1992
Accession
Vanuatu
August 24, 1995
Accession
Venezuela
July 1, 1968
September 25, 1975
Ratification
Vietnam
June 14, 1982
Accession
Yemen
November 14, 1968
June 1, 1979
Ratification (as North Yemen)
Zambia
May 15, 1991
Accession
Zimbabwe
September 26, 1991
Accession

Sources: Federation of American Scientists

Back to Top