Citizen's Rights Movement (Ratz)
The Citizens Rights Movement (CRM, also
known as Ratz) was established in 1973 by Shulamit
Aloni, a former Labor Party Knesset member, CRM favors
strengthening civil rights in Israel and compromise in the
Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Its main constituents are the Ashkenazi
urban middle class and the intelligentsia. CRM won three seats in the
1973 elections and briefly joined the coalition. It was part of the
Labor alignment in the 1977 and 1981 elections, but broke off again
in 1984. In 1984 it won three Knesset seats and another five mandates
in the 1988 elections. CRM joined Mapam and Shinui to form Meretz/Democratic
Israel in the 1992 elections.
Parties and Organizations." Appendix B; '"Political
Parties and Platforms." Chapter Two. Democracy In Action.