Keeping Track of the Road Map

Last Updated August 4, 2011*

* The Road Map to peace between Israel and the Palestianians, originally outlined in 2003, has been eclipsed by events on the ground and is no longer monitored by the relevant parties. It is therefore considered irrelevent to the overall peace process and the Jewish Virtual Library has suspended its updates as of August 2011.

In April 2003, the Quartet [the United States, European Union, United Nations, and Russia] published a road map aimed at bringing about a settlement of the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians. Israel and the Palestinian Authority accepted the road map and agreed to fulfill the commitments it placed on them. The principal obligations of each party and their progress toward fulfilling them are detailed below. (Ed: We have linked to the original news articles where possible, but newspapers often archive their stories and older links may no longer work.)


(A) PALESTINIAN OBLIGATION:  Issue unequivocal statement affirming Israel’s right to exist in peace and security

¨Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has affirmed this principle while also calling Israel's creation a crime.

¨Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas does not oppose armed struggle.

¨Palestinians continue to obstruct the normalization of relations between Arab/Islamic nations and Israel.

¨Hamas remains committed to Israel’s destruction.

“Asked whether Fatah had spoken with Hamas about recognizing Israel, [Azzam al-Ahmed, a member of the Fatah Central Committee] said, ‘Fatah has not recognized Israel. I challenge anyone who says that the case is otherwise, whether it’s Hamas or others. Neither Fatah nor Hamas is required to recognize Israel. Only governments and states extend recognition. It was the Palestinian government that recognized Israel, just as the Israeli government recognized us.’” Jerusalem Post, June 1, 2011.

“Hamas Prime Minister in Gaza Ismail Haniyeh urged the PLO Friday [April 29] to rescind its recognition of Israel in response to the Jewish state's objection to the Palestinian unity agreement. Haniyeh said that there was no justification for recognizing the ‘Israeli entity’ in wake of Israel's objection to Palestinian rights and unity. ‘Their presence on our land is illegal and cannot be recognized,’ the Hamas leader said.” — Ynet, April 29, 2011.

“The Islamist Hamas group in the Gaza Strip on [December 13th] reiterated its aim to recover all of historic Palestine from the Mediterranean to Jordan.... ‘We say that Palestine from the sea to the (Jordan) river is fully the land of the Palestinians. We will cede none of it, and we will not recognise the so-called state of Israel,’ Hamas said in a statement.” — AFP, December 13, 2010.

“When asked about last months terror attack near Kiryat Arba, in which four Israelis were killed by Hamas gunmen, [Hamas leader] Mashaal said that Hamas will continue to ‘kill illegal settlers on our land.’ He stated that Israeli settlers were the source of the problem and he failed to understand why the international community gets upset when ‘we defend our people by confronting Israeli killings.’” — Jerusalem Post, September 27, 2010.

“The official Palestinian Authority daily Al-Hayat Al-Jadida, reports that PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas said that he supports negotiations with Israel today because it is the only option. However, as to the military option, Abbas said: ‘If you [Arab states] want war, and if all of you will fight Israel, we are in favor. But the Palestinians will not fight alone because they don't have the ability to do it.’” — Palestinian Media Watch, July 7, 2010.

“Tayeb Abdel Rahim, a senior aide to Abbas, said that the Palestinians recently told US special envoy George Mitchell that Israel's request to launch direct negotiations was ‘unacceptable.’” — Jerusalem Post, June 8, 2010.

“‘This movement, with the help of the militant factions liberated the Gaza Strip, and we say, brothers and sisters, we will not be satisfied with Gaza,’ Hainyeh said. ‘Hamas looks toward the whole of Palestine, the liberation of the strip is just a step to liberating all of Palestine.’” — Jerusalem Post, December 14, 2009.

“In a speech in Damascus, Hamas leader Khaled Meshal on Sunday played down talk of potential compromise and said the Arab states should renew their demands for the ‘liberation’ of Palestinian land ‘from the sea to the river.’” — Washington Post, October 12, 2009.

“[Ismail] Haniyya said that Hamas will never recognize Israel and ‘will remain steadfast, protecting the blood of the martyrs... We vow before God, we vow to you, we vow to the martyrs, the detainees and their families, we will remain steadfast,’ Haniyya stated, ‘The resistance will prevail until liberating the land, until liberating Jerusalem.’” — IMEMC News, August 14, 2009.

“Mr. Abbas said Israel's position could lead to more conflict. ‘Although we have chosen peace,’ he said,‘we reserve the right to return to armed resistance.’” — VOANews, August 8, 2009.

“Fatah has never recognized Israel's right to exist and it has no intention of ever doing so, a veteran senior leader of the Western-backed faction said.... Rafik Natsheh, member of the Fatah Central Committee who also serves as chairman of the faction's disciplinary ‘court,’ is the second senior official in recent months to make similar statements regarding Israel.” — Jerusalem Post, July 23, 2009.

“‘The visit has not led to a significant change. Hamas finds the conditions unacceptable," [Ahmed Youssef, the deputy Hamas foreign minister] said. ‘Recognizing Israel is completely unacceptable.’ According to Hamas ideology, there is no room for a Jewish state in an Islamic Middle East. The militant group has sent dozens of suicide bombers into Israel, killing hundreds.” — Washington Post, June 17, 2009.

“Hamas spokesperson, Fawzi Barhoum, stated that Abbas’ term in office had already expired; therefore he cannot sign an agreement with any country, including understandings with the United States and Israel.” — IMEMC, May 26, 2009.

“Khaled Meshal, who lives in Syria, called a two-state solution unacceptable because Hamas cannot envision living with Israel in peace and security.” — United Press International, Inc., May 9, 2009.

“[Khaled Meshal] repeated that he would not recognize Israel, saying to fellow Arab leaders, ‘There is only one enemy in the region, and that is Israel.’” — New York Times, May 4, 2009.

“‘I say this clearly: I do not accept the Jewish State, call it what you will,’ [Mahmoud Abbas] said at a preliminary conference of the Palestinian Youth Parliament in Ramallah. At the end of the conference, Abbas was presented with a large framed map of ‘Palestine,’ covering the entire area of Israel.” — Palestinian Media Watch, April 28, 2009.

“Former Fatah security commander Muhammad Dahlan on Tuesday called on Hamas not to recognize Israel's right to exist, pointing out that Fatah had never recognized it.” — Jerusalem Post, March 17, 2009.

“Hamas rejected a call by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton for the Islamic group to recognize the state of Israel, and said her request was unacceptable to the Palestinians.” —Jerusalem Post, February 28, 2009.

“Gaza is not our goal....The liberation of all of Palestine, from the river to the sea, God willing, will be achieved.” — Hamas leader Ismail Radwan, AP, January 20, 2009.

“Hamas declared on Wednesday that it would not accept any permanent cease-fire with Israel.” —Jerusalem Post, January 7, 2009.

“Peace can be achieved only if Israel withdraws to the last centimeter of the Palestinian territories occupied in 1967.” — Palestinian negotiator Ahmed Qurei, Jerusalem Post, December 13, 2008.

“We call on all the factions to undertake efforts to contain the enemy and halt its aggression by planning martyrdom operations.” — Palestinian prime minister Ismail Haniya, AFP, September 26, 2008.

“The Palestinians will continue to negotiate. But, if the talks reached a dead end, what do we do? Capitulate? Resistance in all its forms is a legitimate right.” — Palestinian chief negotiator Ahmed Qureia, Reuters, September 23, 2008.

“The annihilation of the Jews here in Palestine is one of the most splendid blessings for Palestine. This will be followed by a greater blessing, Allah be praised, with the establishment of a Caliphate that will rule the land and will be pleasing to men and God.” Palestinian cleric Muhsen Abu 'Ita, Al-Aqsa TV, MEMRI, July 13, 2008

“A spokesman for Hamas on Saturday said negotiations with Israel is out of the question and the Islamic movement will never recognize ‘the enemy.’” — Ismail Radwan quoted in Xinhua, June 21, 2008.

“We will never recognize Israel or cease to fight for our land. Our battle against Israel is one of resistance to occupation.” Hamas political chief Khalid Mashaal in an address to 'The Decline of the Zionist Regime' conference at Tehran University, Tehran Times, May 27, 2008.

“Hamas leader Mahmoud Zahar said Wednesday that a Palestinian state will be established on all of the land of Palestine and not only on parts of it, and that it will include “Jaffa, Lod and Haifa.” Zahar also reiterated Hamas’ unwillingness to recognize the State of Israel and said that the group “will continue to persecute the Zionists wherever they are, after we prove that the Zionist army can be defeated - contrary to what was believed in the past, that it is impossible to beat the Zionists.” Jerusalem Post, May 14, 2008.

“In light of the weakness of the Arab nation and the lack of values, and in light of the American control over the world, the PLO proceeds through phases, without changing its strategy. Let me tell you, when the ideology of Israel collapses, and we take, at least, Jerusalem, the Israeli ideology will collapse in its entirety, and we will begin to progress with our own ideology, Allah willing, and drive them out of all of Palestine.” PLO ambassador to Lebanon, Abbas Zaki, Jerusalem Post, April 13, 2008.

“The Zionist enemy doesn't have a vision of peace. Only force... fighting and holy war works with [Israel].” — Hamas leader Khalil al-Haya, Jerusalem Post, March 28, 2008.

“At this present juncture, I am opposed to armed struggle because we cannot succeed in it, but maybe in the future things will be different.” — PA President Mahmoud Abbas, Jerusalem Post, February 28, 2008.

“We negated the concept in the Annapolis peace conference and it almost ended because of it… they wanted us to state we recognize Israel as a Jewish State in the closing statements, but we wouldn't hear of it.” — PA President Mahmoud Abbas, Ynet, February 28, 2008.

“More than 200,000 Palestinians rallied yesterday in Gaza City to mark the Hamas movement’s 20th anniversary, where deposed Hamas prime minister Ismail Haniyeh said that whoever declares he will never recognize Israel earns ‘the people's love.’ The crowd chanted: ‘We will never recognize Israel.’” Haaretz, December 16, 2007.

“Hamas on Thursday called on the UN to rescind the 1947 decision to partition Palestine into two states, one for Jews and one for Arabs. The group said in a statement, released on the 60th anniversary of the UN vote, that "Palestine is Arab Islamic land, from the river to the sea, including Jerusalem... there is no room in it for the Jews.” — Jerusalem Post, November 29, 2007.

“No Palestinian is authorized to offer concessions. With Palestinian divisions and the absence of institutions no one has the right to conduct negotiations as they please....I tell my brothers in Ramallah. Your game is dangerous. Don't gamble with your political future. The Palestinian people won't accept negotiating on the core of the Palestinian cause as part of a game destined to fail.” — Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal, Reuters, November 5, 2007.

“Ninety-two [percent] is unacceptable to us.” — Mahmoud Abbas on territorial compromise. Washington Post, September 30, 2007.

Jerusalem and the Aksa Mosque have experienced occupation by various peoples in the past and lived through this occupation. I tell the Israelis: You and your occupation will disappear, Jerusalem and the Aksa Mosque will remain forever.” — Sheikh Raed Salah, Jerusalem Post, September 8, 2007.

“‘Palestinians will fight Israel for generation upon generation until victory, and will yet get to dance at the Al-Aksa mosque in Jerusalem,’ Ismail Haniyeh, the Hamas prime minister in the dismissed Palestinian Authority government, told a rally in the Gaza Strip on Thursday [Aug. 16]. ‘If Israel is not defeated in this generation, it will be in the next generation,’ he said.” — Canadian Jewish News, August 17, 2007.

As far as we're concerned, the issue of recognition of Israel has been settled once and for all. It has been settled in our political literature, in our Islamic thought and in our Jihadist culture, on which we base our moves. Recognition of Israel is out of the question.” Palestinian Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh, Saudi daily paper Aljazeera, April 2, 2007.

“I will not accept a agreement saying that at the end of the day, Haifa, Jaffa, and Acre are Israeli cities, and part of the Israeli land. It should, at the very least, say that these cities cannot be liberated or regained today, but I will not accept any solution that prevents any future Palestinian generation from acting to liberate and regain the rest of the Palestinian land, if the current generation is incapable of accomplishing this.” — Hamas representative in Lebanon Osama Hamdan, Al-Manar TV, April 2, 2007.

 “...the extermination of Jews is good for the inhabitants of the worlds...” — Kan'an Ubayd in the Hamas newspaper, Al-Risalah, April 23, 2007.

“The Friday sermon of March 30, 2007, on the occasion of the birthday of Muhammad, was delivered by Hamas spokesman Ismail Radwan in the Gaza mosque of Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan. The sermon was broadcasted live on the Palestinian national television, controlled by Abu Mazen, the Chairman of the Palestinian Authority....In his sermon, Ismail Radwan included the following verse: ‘The Day of Judgment will not arrive until the Muslims fight the Jews and kill them, until the Jew hides behind the stones and the trees; and each stone or tree will say: Oh Muslim, Oh servant of God, there is a Jew hiding behind me, come and kill him; except for the gharqad, which is the tree of the Jews.’” — Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center, April 11, 2007.

“‘We will not betray promises we made to God to continue the path of Jihad and resistance until the liberation of Palestine, all of Palestine,’ Hamas said in a statement, in a clear reference to Israel as well as to the occupied West Bank.” — Reuters, March 12, 2007.

“We will never recognize the usurper Zionist government and will continue our jihad-like movement until the liberation of Jerusalem.” — Palestinian Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh, USA Today, December 8, 2006.

Even the establishment of a Palestinian state in the Gaza Strip and West Bank will not move Hamas to recognize Israel, as Palestinian lands would still remain "occupied," [Hamas leader-in-exile Khaled] Mashaal told the Lebanese newspaper Al Safir....Elsewhere on Tuesday, Mashaal's words were backed up by Palestinian Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh...[who] emphasized that the Palestinian people would not give up a ‘single grain of the land of Palestine, nor would it relinquish the right of return for Palestinian refugees.’” — Jerusalem Post, December 5, 2006.

Muhammad Deif, head of Hamas' military wing and the senior Palestinian terror suspect wanted by Israel, said Sunday night that "all the land conquered in 1948 is Palestine's land. Every Muslim in the world has the right and duty to fight in order to liberate this land because it is Muslim land.” Ynet, July 3, 2006.

I dream of hanging a huge map of the world on the wall at my Gaza home which does not show Israel on it.” Hamas Foreign Minister Mahmoud Zahar, Xinhua, April 1, 2006.

“Hamas’s platform, published on a Palestinian website on Saturday, called the conflict with the ‘Zionist enemy’ ongoing, and defined Israel as an ‘occupying power’....The platform went on to declare violent resistance, including terror attacks, legitimate tools for the Palestinian people, and said that Hamas would like to learn ‘more efficient’ ways of achieving Palestinian goals, which include the right to return to ‘every centimeter’ of their land....” Jerusalem Post, March 11, 2006.

“‘We don't consider the Israeli enemy a partner. By winning the elections, we defeated Israel,’ [Hamas leader Mahmoud Zahar] said. ‘Why should we recognize Israel?’” Guardian Unlimited, February 27, 2006.

“Hamas believes that historical Palestine, that is, all of Palestine, belongs to the Palestinian people....We say that all of Palestine, from the [Jordan] River to the [Mediterranean] Sea, belongs to the Palestinians. They have a legitimate right to this land.” Interview with Hamas Political Bureau deputy head Musa Abu Marzouq, Dream 2 TV (Sudan), February 13, 2006.

‘Our mission is to liberate Jerusalem and purify the al-Aqsa Mosque. Islam goes forward because its power comes from Allah and it will continue to advance in spite of its opposers,’ [Hamas political leader Khaled] Mashaal said....” Ynet, February 14, 2006.

“Palestine means Palestine in its entirety - from the [Mediterranean] Sea to the [Jordan] River, from Ras Al-Naqura to Rafah. We cannot give up a single inch of it. Therefore, we will not recognize the Israeli enemy's [right] to a single inch.” Hamas leader Mahmoud Zahar on Al-Manar TV, January 25, 2006.

The armed wing of the ruling Fatah party, Aksa Martyrs Brigades, on Sunday became the first Palestinian group to publicly endorse Iran's call to eliminate Israel.” Jerusalem Post, November 6, 2005.

“First of all this Palestinian land, and all the Arabic nation, is all part of the same area. In the past, there was no independent Palestinian state; there was no independent Jordanian state; and so on. There were regions called Iraq or Egypt, but they were all part of one country....Our main goal is to establish a great Islamic state, be it pan-Arabic or pan-Islamic. Mahmoud A-Zahhar, the leader of Hamas in the Gaza Strip, The Media Line, September 22, 2005.

Hamas leader Mahmoud al-Zahar said Hamas would “definitely not” be prepared for coexistence with Israel should the IDF retreat to its 1967 borders. “It can be a temporary solution, for a maximum of 5 to 10 years. But in the end Palestine must return to become Muslim, and in the long term Israel will disappear from the face of the earth.” — Yediot Ahronot, June 24, 2005


(B) PALESTINIAN OBLIGATION:  Call for immediate and unconditional cease-fire

¨Hamas and Israel agree to a cease fire in Gaza effective June 19, 2008.

¨Abbas and Olmert agreed to a cease fire at the end of November 2006.

¨Abbas and Sharon agreed to declare an end to hostilities during a summit in Egypt.

¨Palestinians continue to threaten violence if their demands aren't met.

¨Even after Israel withdraws completely from Gaza, Palestinians continue to fire rockets into Israel on an almost daily basis.

The following are a sample of the most recent violations:

“Israeli airstrikes hit multiple targets in the Gaza Strip after two long-range rockets fired from Gaza struck southern Israel. The Israeli Air Force early Thursday (August 4) morning bombed two training camps in East and West Gaza City, according to an Israeli official and Palestinian witnesses. The camps reportedly are run by Hamas. The day before, Grad rockets fired from Gaza landed in the open territory near Kiryat Gat, and then later another within the city of Ashkelon, damaging a road. JTA, August 4, 2011.

“The IDF spokesperson confirmed Tuesday (August 2) that the air force attacked several targets in Gaza overnight.... in response to a Kassam rocket fired at southern Israel from Gaza on Monday night. A woman in her fifties was moderately injured by shrapnel from the rocket, which landed between in open territory in the Ashkelon Coast Regional Council.... Over the weekend, two Kassam rockets fired from Gaza landed near Israeli communities in the western Negev, the IDF spokesperson's office said. Jerusalem Post, August 2, 2011.

“The Israel Air Force attacked multiple targets located in various parts of the Gaza Strip overnight Thursday (July 14) after Palestinian terrorists fired a total of five Kassam rockets into the western Negev... Jerusalem Post, July 15, 2011.

“... a Kassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip exploded in a field near a kibbutz in the Sha'ar Hanegev Regional Council Wednesday morning (July 13), and another in the Eshkol region Wednesday afternoon. according to Army Radio.... Earlier, the IAF struck two targets in the northern Gaza Strip overnight Tuesday (July 12).... The airstrikes were in response to two rockets that were fired from the Strip into Israeli territory Tuesday night. The Kassam rockets exploded in the western Negev. Jerusalem Post, July 13, 2011.

“Civilian areas in southern Israel were heavily shelled by Palestinian terrorists in Gaza on Saturday morning (Mar. 19), when more than 50 mortars were fired at the regional councils of Sha'ar Hanegev, Eshkol and Sdot Hanegev. Two Israelis sustained light injuries by shrapnel and were transferred to Soroka Hospital in Beersheba. Hamas's armed wing, the Izzadin Kassam Brigades, claimed responsibility for a dozen of the mortars fired.” Jerusalem Post, March 19, 2011.

“Israel Border Police forces discovered five pipe bombs and three Molotov cocktails ready to be thrown in a Palestinian terrorist's bag at the Tapuach checkpoint, south of Nablus on Tuesday (Mar. 8).” IDF, March 8, 2011.

Two Grad-model Katyusha rockets struck Beersheba for the first time since Operation Cast Lead in the Gaza Strip over two years ago. The rockets fell on in a residential Beersheba neighborhood. One rocket landed in the yard of a home, causing extensive damage. Air raid sirens went off throughout the city mere seconds before the rocket struck. Jerusalem Post, February 24, 2011.

A Grad rocket fired from the Gaza Strip exploded near wedding festivities in Netivot. —Ynet, February 2, 2011.

Three Kassam rockets were fired into Israeli territory and exploded in the Hof Ashkelon Regional Council [January 10th]. Jerusalem Post, January 10, 2011.

Four mortar shells fired by Palestinian terrorists in Gaza landed in [Kibbutz Sha'ar Hanegev], injuring three foreign agricultural workers on [January 8th] - one of them seriously. One shell struck a building housing the workers, who were employed by the kibbutz. One man is in serious condition and has been taken for surgery with shrapnel wounds to his chest. Jerusalem Post, January 8, 2011.

“The IAF on [January 7th] struck a terror base in northern Gaza and a smuggling tunnel in the southern Strip, according to the IDF spokesman. The IDF confirmed they were direct hits and no injuries were reported. The IDF spokesman said that the air strike was in response to mortar fire from the Strip into Israeli territory on [January 6th]. The mortar shell launched from Gaza fell in Sdot Negev on Thursday morning. Jerusalem Post, January 7, 2011.

“In a joint operation with the Shin Bet (Israel Security Service), the IAF Tuesday night, [January 4th,] struck a terror base in central Gaza and a smuggling tunnel in the southern Strip, according to the IDF spokesperson. The IDF spokesperson said that the airstrikes were in response to Kassam fire from the Strip into Israeli territory Tuesday afternoon. Jerusalem Post, January 5, 2011.

A Kassam rocket landed near a kindergarten in a kibbutz near Ashkelon on [December 21st], injuring a 14-year-old girl. Four more Israelis were treated for shock. The IAF struck seven terror targets early Tuesday morning following the firing of 10 mortar shells into Israeli territory on Monday. Jerusalem Post, December 21, 2010.

A rocket fired into southern Israel from the Gaza Strip exploded in the area of the Sha'ar Hanegev Regional Council early Monday [September 13th] morning. Security forces were searching for the remains of the rocket, but believed that it was a Kassam-type missile. No injuries or damage were reported in the attack. The firing of the rocket was the tenth such attack on the area since Rosh Hashana began last Wednesday [September 8th]. Jerusalem Post, September 13, 2010.

“A mortar shell fired by Palestinian terrorists in north Gaza Wednesday [September 8th] morning exploded near a number of kindergartens in a kibbutz located in the Sha'ar Hanegev Regional Council. There were no reports of injury, but slight damage was caused to one of the kindergartens.Ynet, September 8, 2010.

“The child hydrotherapy rehabilitation center adjoining Sderot’s Sapir Academic College provides therapy and workshops for specialneeds children who live in the western Negev and is used by children from the entire country. On Saturday night, an upgraded Kassam rocket scored a direct hit on the ceiling of the center.Sderot Media Center, July 31, 2010.

“A Grad missile launched from the Gaza Strip landed in a central, residential area in the southern city of Ashkelon Friday morning. Magen David Adom crews treated two people for shock. The missile shattered numerous windows of the surrounding, multi-story buildings and vehicles in the area.Jerusalem Post, July 30, 2010.

“Two mortar shells and a Kassam rocket were fired from Gaza [June 24th] and landed near one of the kibbutzim in the Negev Regional Council area. Earlier in the day, three mortar shells exploded after hitting open land in the Ashkelon area. Three other shells landed in Palestinian territory near the Erez crossing.Jerusalem Post, June 25, 2010.

“A Kassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in southern Israel.... Earlier Monday [June 14], Israeli soldiers discovered five pipe bombs in the bag of a Palestinian man at a checkpoint near Nablus. Also Monday, a bomb exploded at the southern Gaza border near Kibbutz Nirim, according to the Israeli army.JTA, June 15, 2010.

“Israeli Navy commandos prevented a terror attack on Monday morning, when a unit of heavily armed Palestinian frogmen was intercepted in the Nahal Aza area.... According to IDF, the size of the unit and equipment it was carrying proved that a large scale attack had been planned, and only the commandos' quick, effective response prevented a disaster.Jerusalem Post, June 7, 2010.

“Four Kassam rockets were launched into Israel Thursday night. The rockets set off warning sirens in Sderot and Ashkelon, and exploded in open areas.” Jerusalem Post, June 4, 2010.

“IAF jets struck one tunnel in the northern Gaza Strip.... The strike came in response to a Kassam rocket fired from northern Gaza late Thursday, which landed near Ashkelon...” — Jerusalem Post, May 21, 2010.

“Israel's Air Force bombed two [smuggling tunnels] in southern Gaza.... The attack was in retaliation for a Kassam rocket fired from Gaza Saturday night that struck Israel near Ashkelon. It was the first rocket fired from Gaza at Israel in more than a month and it came just hours after the Palestinian Authority was authorized to begin indirect peace talks with Israel by the Palestine Liberation Organization executive committee.” — JTA, May 10, 2010.

“...a Thai greenhouse worker was killed when a Kassam rocket [the third in 24 hours] fired by Gaza terrorists exploded in the Netiv Ha’asara area.... A small Islamist faction calling itself Ansar al-Sunna claimed responsibility for the attack. In a statement e-mailed to reporters in Gaza, the al-Qaida-inspired faction said the attack was a response to Israel's 'Judaization' of Islamic holy places in Jerusalem and elsewhere in the West Bank. A second group, the Aksa Martyrs Brigades, also later claimed responsibility. Vice Premier Silvan Shalom warned that the attack would lead to a strong reaction, and said that Hamas was ultimately responsible.” — Jerusalem Post, March 18, 2010.

“Following a Kassam rocket attack on southern Israel, the IAF bombed targets in the Gaza Strip overnight Thursday, hitting an arms smuggling tunnel in Rafah and a weapons factory in Khan Yunis.” — Jerusalem Post, February 12, 2010.

“Israel Air Force jets fired missiles early Wednesday at targets in the southern Gaza Strip, responding to rockets fired from the coastal salient by Palestinian militants, Israel's military said.” — Haaretz, February 10, 2010.

“A Kassam rocket fired from the Gaza Strip landed in the western Negev.” — JTA, January 13, 2010.

“... for the first time since Operation Cast Lead, a Katyusha rocket landed south of Ashkelon.” — Jerusalem Post, January 7, 2010.

“The Israel Air Force dropped thousands of leaflets over Gaza on Thursday, after Palestinian militants launched a barrage of at least ten mortar shells at Israel, none of which caused injuries or damage. Six shells exploded in the northwestern Negev, three others struck near the Kerem Shalom crossing with Gaza, while another exploded in the coastal strip. The Popular Resistance Committees (PRC) claimed responsibility Thursday for the mortar fire.” — Haaretz, January 7, 2010.

(C) PALESTINIAN OBLIGATION:  Take substantive and visible actions to stop terrorists and dismantle terrorist infrastructure

¨Abbas has explicitly said he would not disarm terrorist groups or dismantle their infrastructure.

¨Abbas has said he will stop attacks on Israel.

¨Abbas has also said he will not use force to confront terror.

¨Hamas rejects Abbas’s orders.

“Gazans will continue to smuggle arms despite international efforts to stop them, Hamas parliamentarian Moushir al-Masri announced on Saturday.Al-Masri, responding to a Friday decision by several NATO member nations to help stop arms smuggling to Gaza, said 'any attempts to eliminate the Palestinian peoples' right to resistance will fail in the face of the peoples' determination.'” — Ynet news, March 14, 2009.

“The American officers responsible for monitoring Israeli and Palestinian compliance with the road map peace plan recently criticized the Palestinian Authority's counterterrorism efforts....Specifically, the Americans are concerned that the PA does not engage in the full spectrum of counterterrorism activities, including arrests, interrogation and trial, as it would if it were trying to eradicate the armed wings of Islamic terrorist organizations.” Haaretz, March 28, 2008.

“Incoming Palestinian interior minister Saeed Seyam, chosen by Hamas to oversee three security services, said on Thursday he will not order the arrest of militants carrying out attacks against Israel.” Reuters, March 23, 2006.

“IDF forces killed early Thursday at least two terrorists belonging to Islamic Jihad’s armed wing as they were attempting to place a bomb along the security fence in central Gaza.” Ynet, March 23, 2006.

On Sunday, IDF soldiers arrested two Palestinians at the Beit Iba checkpoint north of Nablus after discovering in their possession a 15-kilogram explosive device.” Haaretz, March 13, 2006.

“The defense establishment has identified a joint effort by Islamic Jihad and Hezbollah to initiate a new wave of terror....Security sources told Haaretz that the Islamic Jihad and Hezbollah headquarters in Damascus and Beirut were streaming large sums of money into the territories to spur on terror cells to carry out attacks.” Haaretz, February 6, 2006.

“IDF forces operating in Jenin this weekend surrounded a headquarters for Palestinian military intelligence following information that several wanted Islamic Jihad terrorists were hiding in the building....The Palestinian commander admitted that he had aided the Islamic Jihad terrorists, who had hidden in the building overnight.” IDF, January 3, 2006.

“A Palestinian suicide bomber killed five people outside an Israeli falafel stand. Islamic Jihad claimed reponsibility for Wednesday´s attack on Hadera, calling it "revenge" for Israel´s killing earlier in the week of its top West Bank commander in an army raid. At least 33 people were also wounded by the terrorist, who blew himself up in the town´s outdoor market. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas issued a condemnation.” JTA, , 2005.

Abbas's national security advisor, Jibril Rajoub, denied on Tuesday that the PA was planning to disarm Hamas or any other armed group. ‘We haven't called for disarming anyone,’ Rajoub said. ‘There is no decision to collect [illegal] weapons and we haven't taken any steps in this direction.’” Jerusalem Post, , 2005.

“Palestinian Authority police were given orders Thursday to round up guns from terrorist factions and, thereafter, to arrest anyone seen in public with an unlicensed weapon....The round-up of weapons, while likely to be welcomed by Israel, falls short of the Palestinian Authority’s obligation under the U.S.-led ‘road map’ to dismantle terrorist groups.” — JTA, , 2005.

“The Palestinian Authority on Wednesday rejected an appeal from the Quartet to dismantle armed militias and called on the international community to stop meddling in the Palestinians' internal affairs....PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas dismissed the appeal, saying the Palestinians knew how to handle their own affairs. ‘With regard to the issue of the armed Palestinian groups and our dealings with them, this is an internal affair.’”Jerusalem Post, , 2005.

“The Palestinian Authority on Saturday released two men jailed in connection with the February 25 suicide bombing at the Stage club in Tel Aviv, in a bid to persuade Islamic Jihad to abide by the unofficial truce with Israel.” — Jerusalem Post, June 11, 2005.


(D) PALESTINIAN OBLIGATION:  Confiscate illegal weapons

¨PA Interior Minister Abdel Razzak Yahya, who is formally in charge of the Fatah-controlled security forces in the West Bank, said that the PA was determined to disarm all armed groups as required by the road map plan for peace in the Middle East.

¨Similar orders given in the past were never implemented.

¨Militant factions vow resistance to surrendering weapons, and use the cease-fire period to enhance their weapons’ arsenal.

“Several Palestinian armed groups on Sunday rejected attempts by the Palestinian Authority to confiscate their weapons, vowing to thwart such moves.” Jerusalem Post, , 2007.

“Khaled Mashaal, whose group has carried out dozens of deadly suicide attacks on Israelis over the years, also restated Hamas' rejection of U.S. and Israeli demands to disarm.” AP, , 2005.

Defying a Palestinian Authority ban on public displays of weapons, about 1,000 people brandishing assault rifles and rocket launchers marched through Gaza City on Thursday and vowed to hold on to their arms. Members of the Al Aksa Martyrs' Brigades, fired into the air while their leaders made speeches insisting on the right to bear arms against Israel.” Jerusalem Post, , 2005.

“The Palestinian Authority announced on Sunday a security plan aimed at disbanding the armed wing of Fatah and recruiting hundreds of its members to the security forces....It was also unclear Sunday night whether all Fatah militiamen had accepted the plan....the plan is directed first and foremost towards Fatah's armed wing, the Aksa Martyrs Brigades, whose members are largely responsible for the current state of lawlessness and anarchy in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.” Jerusalem Post, , 2005.

Thousands of Hamas terrorists paraded with weapons through the streets of Gaza City on Sunday in the group's largest show of force in years, defying Palestinian efforts to ban public arms displays.Ynet, , 2005.

Abbas ruled out disarming Hamas, saying any such attempt 'would be a useless move destined to plunge us into a civil war.'” Jerusalem Post, , 2005.

“Palestinian Authority Foreign Minister Nasser al-Kidwa declared on Saturday that the PA has no intention to disarm armed Palestinian groups as demanded by the road map peace plan.” — Jerusalem Post, (June 11, 2005)

“We are committed to resistance and will not consent to any dismantling of resistance groups and laying down arms before the occupation leaves our land.” — Hamas political leader Khaled Mashaal told Al-Jazeera TV, AP, May 26

“The Palestinian Authority reiterated Wednesday it had no intention of disarming militants despite constant Israeli calls for such a move and a recent pledge to crack down on unlicensed weapons.” Reuters, May 4, 2005.

“‘As far as I know, the Palestinians have completed gathering the weapons of wanted militants in Jericho,’ [head of Israeli military intelligence] Maj. Gen. Aharon Ze’evi told Israel Radio on Thursday, according to Ha’aretz. But P.A. President Mahmoud Abbas has ‘no intention of using force against Hamas and collecting its weapons,’ Ze’evi said.” JTA, May 6, 2005.

“Palestinians told [Israel Radio Arab Affair Correspondent Avi Yissakharov] that while the PA has made announcements regarding the collection of weapons that in fact the weapons have yet to be collected.” Israel Radio, April 19, 2005.

“Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas said Tuesday that his security forces have collected the weapons of all the fugitives in Jericho and Tulkarm - the cities which were transferred recently to Palestinian security control. Abbas further assured that arms would be confiscated in all cities that would be transferred to PA control, including weapons in the hands of Hamas members.” Jerusalem Post, April 19, 2005.

“Only policemen and security personnel will be allowed to carry weapons.” — President Mahmoud Abbas, Jerusalem Post, January 27, 2005.

“‘We agreed to hide our weapons, to keep them out of public view, but we are not going to hand them over to the Palestinian Authority,’ said Kamal Ghanem, an Al-Aqsa Brigades fugitive....[Sami Abu Zuhri, a Hamas spokesman] said a demand that gunmen hand over their weapons ‘is not acceptable.’” HaaretzApril 6, 2005.

(E) PALESTINIAN OBLIGATION:  Consolidate Palestinian security organizations

¨Abbas has acknowledged the need for such consolidation, and has said he will merge the security forces into three organizations. He has not yet done so.

¨The Palestinian Authority has been unable to impose law and order and the areas under its control have grown increasingly chaotic.

“[Hamas foreign policy chief Mahmoud Al-Zahar] also added that Hamas would not allow the return of the security officers who used to run Gaza security agency offices before the division in 2007. Hamas also does not agree to re-open Fatah offices in the strip at the current stage and will delegate this task to the Egyptian/Arab committee that will supervise the implementation of the reconciliation deal.Ahram, May 11, 2011.

“It is a well-known fact that the vast majority of incidents that create the chaotic security situation in the territories originate with the security forces themselves....Abu Mazen has tried to compromise, mediate and outline agreements with the heads of the security services, but in practice, it turned out that he is incapable of controlling them and imposing security reforms.Haaretz, November 29, 2005.

“Palestinian Authority policemen went on a rampage in Nablus....The incident is the latest sign of growing anarchy and lawlessness in Nablus and other Palestinian communities.” Jerusalem Post, September 19, 2005.

“Hundreds of members of the dominant Palestinian Fatah movement began training in the Gaza Strip on Tuesday for what they said would be a popular army to help keep law and order after Israel withdraws this month....It was far from clear how any new force might fit into the security structure and appeared certain to add to the current jumble of at least a dozen forces, many divided by deep rivalries and with a poor history of cooperation.” — Reuters, August 2, 2005.

“Some 50 members of the Palestinian Authority's Military Intelligence Force on Wednesday blocked main roads and stormed public buildings in the Gaza Strip in protest against the PA's decision to reconstruct the Palestinian security forces. Armed with AK 47 assault rifles, the protesters also raided the offices of the Palestinian Legislative Council in Rafah, demanding that the PA rescind its decision.” Jerusalem Post, June 1, 2005.

“We will also work towards merging the security forces into three organizations” – Jerusalem Post, January 27, 2005.

(F) PALESTINIAN OBLIGATION:  Cut off public and private terror funding

¨Abbas has agreed to pay government subsidies to the families of terrorists.

“On the very day of a suicide bombing in Netanya, it has been reported that the chairman of the Palestinian Authority gave budgetary approval to assistance for the families of suicide bombers.    Each martyr's family will receive a monthly stipend of at least $250 from the PA.”News First Class (Hebrew), December 5, 2005.

“Mahmoud Abbas has agreed to unfreeze Hamas funds held in a number of Palestinian banks.”Jerusalem Post, February 14, 2005.

“The U.S. hopes the PA will cooperate with Israel to halt the flow of money to terrorist organizations, Undersecretary of the Treasury Stuart Levey, who heads the Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, said Monday during a visit to the region.”HaaretzFebruary 15, 2005.

(G) PALESTINIAN OBLIGATION:  Official Palestinian institutions end incitement against Israel

¨Abbas has asserted his intention to reduce incitement, and initial actions are underway.

¨Abbas called Israel the “Zionist enemy” during his election campaign.

¨Incitement continues to be found in P.A. institutions, including the media.

“The distribution of anti-Israeli anti-Semitic hate propaganda continues throughout the Palestinian Authority (PA)–administered territories. Although both the electronic and printed PA-controlled media have lowered the tone of their hate propaganda under Abu Mazen, the Palestinian terrorist organizations (and other Palestinian elements) have found alternative methods for distributing its (often anti-Semitic) propaganda and inculcating incitement to hatred and violence among Palestinians. The PA has limited the diffusion of such messages by its official media, but does not take effective steps to stop it as part of its policy of not confronting the Palestinian terrorist organizations.” — Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies, December 5, 2005.

“Following The Jerusalem Post's report Tuesday that Palestinian textbooks contained references to the Protocols of the Elders of Zion as an integral part’ of Zionist history, the Palestinian Authority has promised to remove the mention from future textbooks.”Jerusalem Post July 14, 2005.

“Palestinian Minister of Civil Affairs Mohamed Dahlan accused on Wednesday the Jewish settlers for poisoning the lands in the settlements that Israel is intending to evacuate in mid August.” People's Daily Online June 29, 2005.

“Following the Revelations on the Israel Resource Review on April 30th, 2005 and May 1st, 2005 ( that the official Palestinian Authority media has been alleging that Israeli soldiers have been murdering women at checkpoints with the use of radiation equipment, the office of the Israeli Prime Minister commented that ‘The Government of Israel rejects such charges in no uncertain terms and sees this Palestinian statement as part of an orchestrated campaign of incitement against the state and people of Israel.’”

“The Palestinian Authority has decided to impose restrictions on preachers who deliver sermons in West Bank and Gaza Strip mosques...The move is seen as an attempt by the PA leadership to stop incitement against Israel and the US in mosques.”Jerusalem Post March 9, 2005.

“Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom told the Israeli Cabinet Sunday that there has been a substantial change in the content of Palestinian television broadcasts in the past few days. ‘This is evident in the end of inciting broadcasts," he said. However, "the change must be deeper and include public awareness, starting with the education system, universities and so on, where the change in content is not yet evident.’”Haaretz February 7, 2005.

“Palestinan television has been ordered to cleanse its screens of bloody imagery by the newly elected president, Mahmoud Abbas, to chime with a new mood of ‘peacemaking'' in the region.’” — TelegraphFebruary 6, 2005.

(H) PALESTINIAN OBLIGATION:  Appoint empowered and independent interim prime minister and cabinet

¨Abbas appointed Salam Fayed as the new Prime Minister to replace Hamas chief Ismail Haniyeh.

“Salam Fayed is a former World Bank economist, he ran as the head of a third way group of independents in the elections that actually brought Hamas to power, then the Hamas-led government was boycotted by the international community, but when Hamas and Fatah formed a unity government in March, Salam Fayed was named the finance minister, and the US and the EU resumed contact, at least through him.” — AM, June 16, 2007.


(A) ISRAELI OBLIGATION:  Affirm commitment to two-state vision


“In my vision of peace, in this small land of ours, two peoples live freely, side-by-side, in amity and mutual respect.  Each will have its own flag, its own national anthem, its own government.  Neither will threaten the security or survival of the other.” Prime Minister Netanyahu, Speech at the Begin-Sadat Center at Bar-Ilan University, June 14, 2009.

“I extend my hand in peace to Mahmoud Abbas, elected President of the Palestinian Authority. On behalf of the State of Israel, we are willing to negotiate with a Palestinian Authority.” - Prime Minister Olmert Speech to Congress, May 24, 2006.

“Mr. Sharon also spoke ‘about the Palestinian independent democratic state’ and ‘about the occupation, never to be an occupier anymore,’ Mr. Abbas said.” New York Times, February 14, 2005.

“In today’s Government decision [in favor of disengagement], Israel proved that it is willing to make painful compromises and take great steps towards achieving peace. I said that many times, and I would like to repeat it today.” — Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, February 20, 2005.

“To our Palestinian neighbors, I assure you that we have a genuine intention to respect your right to live independently and in dignity. I have already said that Israel has no desire to continue to govern over you and control your fate. We in Israel have had to painfully wake up from our dreams, and we are determined to overcome all the obstacles which might stand in our path in order to realize the new chance which has been created.” — Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, February 8, 2005.

“For their part, the Palestinians can then also live in dignity and freedom in an independent state, and, together with us, enjoy good neighborly relations, while cooperating for the good of both our peoples..” — Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, December 16, 2004.

“We can also reassure our Palestinian partners that we understand the importance of territorial contiguity in the West Bank for a viable Palestinian state.” — Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, June 4, 2003.

“It is in Israel's interest not to govern the Palestinians, but for the Palestinians to govern themselves in their own state. A democratic Palestinian state fully at peace with Israel will promote the long-term security and well-being of Israel as a Jewish state.” — Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, June 4, 2003.

(B) ISRAELI OBLIGATION:  Dismantle settlement outposts erected since March 2001

¨Israel has resumed dismantling illegal outposts.

US officials said that Netanyahu agreed to nearly a dozen other steps towards renewed negotiations, such as releasing some Palestinian prisoners from jail and removing more roadblocks in the West Bank.... Israel would also expand the responsibilities of the Palestinian security forces, and discuss borders and the status of Jerusalem in detail...” — Jerusalem Post, April 22, 2010.

The Israel Defense Forces began razing about 100 "dirt mound" roadblocks from the entrances to Palestinian villages across the West Bank on Wednesday, as part of an ongoing effort to improve life for Palestinians.” — Haaretz, September 16, 2009.

Security forces evacuated the Nahalat Yosef outpost near Elon Moreh, in northern Samaria on Monday morning.” — Jerusalem Post, June 1, 2009.

Civil Administration and police forces on Thursday morning demolished a minor Jewish outpost named Maoz Esther near Kokhav Hashachar in Samaria, the West Bank, three days after US President Barack Obama told visiting Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu that he must call a halt to settlement activity.” — Jerusalem Post, May 21, 2009.

“The IDF on Thursday demolished several structures in the unauthorized outpost of Yad Yair, near Ramallah, prompting settler protests throughout the area. The army declared Yad Yair a closed military zone, announcing that it would arrest anyone who came near the site.” — Jerusalem Post, , 2008.

“Defense forces were evacuating two unauthorized outposts in the West Bank on Wednesday.” — Jerusalem Post, January 16, 2008.

“Earlier this week, Deputy Prime Minister Haim Ramon had said that the government might dismantle about two dozen unauthorized outposts as early as next week. Samaria and Judea District police said Wednesday that while one small outpost near Hebron had been evacuated earlier in the day, no more outposts would be evacuated before police and IDF held a situation assessment and deemed the time appropriate to do so.” — Jerusalem Post, January 10, 2008.

“Prime Minister Ehud Olmert told the cabinet that he would remove all unauthorized outposts in the West Bank.” — Jerusalem Post, November 19, 2007.

“Israeli police razed a West Bank settler outpost. Police and troops on Thursday forcibly removed the four structures at Har Hivi, an outpost erected near the settlement of Kedumim.” JTA, November 15, 2007.

“Eight right-wing activists were arrested Monday on suspicion of attacking police officers and damaging property as Border Police forces evacuated some 60 activists from the Shevut Ami outpost next to Kedumim.” Jerusalem Post, October 15, 2007.

Police and IDF troops forcibly evicted hundreds of settlers and right-wing activists from the former settlement of Homesh.” Jerusalem Post, July 23, 2007.

“Israel´s defense minister ordered the evacuation of 12 settler outposts.” JTA, May 18, 2006.

“The Defense Ministry will complete in the coming months a detailed plan for the removal of illegal outposts in the West speed up the process, the state will streamline the bureaucratic procedures for issuing demolition orders.” Jerusalem Post, May 8, 2006.

Security forces and right-wing protesters clashed violently on Wednesday as the evacuation of the Amona outpost in the West Bank was completed. Soldiers and policemen razed all nine of the structures after spending over three hours emptying them of protestors.Jerusalem Post, January 31, 2006.

Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz issued three more demolition orders for illegal outposts Thursday night: the Scali Farm near Eilon Moreh; the Arusi Farm near Har Bracha; and another site near Yitzhar.” Jerusalem Post, January 14, 2006.

After a day of violent clashes between security forces and settlers, the illegal structures located at the unauthorized Neveh Daniel North outpost in Gush Etzion were finally demolished on Wednesday.” Jerusalem Post, January 11, 2006.

“Israeli security forces dismantled two illegal West Bank settler outposts. Troops and police scuffled with dozens of settlers during Thursday´s operation against outposts built near Kedumim and Elon Moreh settlements. At least four settlers were arrested, and the army vowed to tackle two more outposts before nightfall.” JTA, October 27, 2005.

“Israel will remove the 24 unauthorized settlement outposts established since Prime Minister Ariel Sharon came to power in March 2001, while the fate of 81 other outposts established before that date will be determined by a special committee.” Jerusalem Post, March 13, 2005.

A report solicited by Sharon found 105 illegal outposts including 61 built on land that did not belong to the state. Haaretz, March 9, 2005.

”The Defense Ministry will soon appoint a civilian overseer for the evacuation of illegal settlement outposts in the West Bank, in preparation for dismantling approximately 20 such outposts”. Haaretz, January 7, 2005.

“Israel has dismantled roughly a dozen [outposts].” — Associated Press, July 17, 2003.

(C) ISRAELI OBLIGATION:  Freeze settlement activity

¨Olmert reaffirmed the commitment not to build new settlements.

“Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel on [November 25, 2009] announced his intention to halt new residential construction in West Bank settlements for 10 months as part of an effort to revive stalled Middle East peace talks.” — New York Times, November 26, 2009. 

“Let's be straight, we committed ourselves in the road map not to build new settlements and we will not build any.” — Jerusalem Post, November 19, 2007.

“During its term of office, the Government will not establish new settlements.” – Basic guidelines of the 30th Government of the State of Israel, February 2003. 

 “Jewish settlements and outposts are growing rapidly in the West Bank and Gaza Strip…”Washington Post, July 23, 2004. 

(D) ISRAELI OBLIGATION:  IDF withdraws from parts of the Gaza Strip and West Bank


¨Israel completely withdrew from the Gaza Strip and dismantled four settlements in the West Bank.

¨Redeployments conditioned on a cessation of Palestinian terror.

The IDF has announced a series of steps designed to help Palestinians in the West Bank.... Passage procedures of Palestinian businessmen to or from the West Bank will be simplified.... The IDF is also slated to remove sixty road blocks in the West Bank, open the Daharia checkpoint south of Hebron and the Keidar road for unrestricted Palestinian movement.” — Jerusalem Post, May 24, 2010.

Israel has decided to radically reduce its military presence in the West Bank cities of Kalkilya, Ramallah, Jericho, Jenin, and Bethlehem as part of an effort to bolster the Palestinian Authority, defense officials said on Thursday. Jerusalem Post, June 25, 2009.

The Israeli army has removed a major checkpoint on the road into the West Bank town of Jericho, easing its grip on one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Jordan River valley. Washington Post, June 17, 2009.

According to a statement released by the IDF Spokesperson, the Rimonim roadblock, which is located east of Ramallah and allows access to the city from the Jordan Valley area, and the Bir Zeit roadblock, were removed following consultations Monday between Judea and Samaria Division Brig.-Gen. Noam Tibon and PA Civil Affairs Minister Hussein a-Sheikh.” — Jerusalem Post, June 3, 2009.

Yesterday evening, May 10, 2009, two roadblocks in the Ramallah area were removed, one located near the village of Ras Karkar and the other near the village of Ein Yabrud. The removal of the Ras Karkar roadblock allows free movement of vehicles between the city of Ramallah and the villages to its west, while the removal of the Ein Yabrud roadblock allows for traffic between Ramallah and villages to its east.” — Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, May 11, 2009.

“While there have been some lowered restrictions to access and movement, more progress needs to be made in order for Palestinian businesspeople and workers to be able to conduct business in an environment in which they can thrive.” — U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, JTA, October 17, 2008.

“The Civil Administration in the West Bank has negotiated a deal with a number of Palestinian villages in the Kalkilya region in which dirt roadblocks cutting off their access to nearby cities and roads would be lifted in exchange for the cessation of local terror activity.” Jerusalem Post, , 2008.

“Earlier Sunday, the IDF announced that Israel had removed 10 roadblocks in southern Hebron.” Jerusalem Post, , 2008.

“[Quartet envoy Tony] Blair said that the Israelis had agreed to remove four checkpoints throughout the West Bank, upgrade seven others, and move one.” Jerusalem Post, , 2008.

“The IDF removed 10 dirt mound roadblocks in the West Bank on Thursday.” Jerusalem Post, , 2008.

“...Israel would remove 50 travel barriers located in and around Jenin, Tulkarm, Kalkilya and Ramallah. Israel also promised to dismantle one permanent roadblock.” Jerusalem Post, , 2008.

Israel will continue to honor a cease-fire in the Gaza Strip even though rockets are being fired from there toward the Negev at the rate of about two a day, the security cabinet decided Sunday.Jerusalem Post, , 2006.

The last IDF vehicle rolled out of the Gaza Strip through the Kissufim crossing at 6:40 a.m. Monday, marking an end to 38 years of military presence in the area. Jerusalem Post, , 2005.

“Israeli forces pulled back from Jericho on Wednesday, strengthening the hand of Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas as he seeks to commit militants to a formal cease-fire so that he can talk peace with Israel.” Reuters, March 16, 2005.

“Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon announced a cease-fire Tuesday, hailing it as a new opportunity for peace in the Middle East.” Jerusalem Post, February 8, 2005.

“The Israelis will withdraw from the cities and the adjacent areas and they will leave checkpoints, and Palestinian security forces will replace them at these checkpoints.”  Haaretz, February 9, 2005.

“Israel also declared the gradual transfer of security control to the PA of the West Bank cities of Jericho, Bethlehem, Tulkarm, Kalkilya and Ramallah. Other steps Israel announced include an agreement to stop hunting fugitives, provided that they sign a pledge to halt attacks and hand over weapons.” — Jerusalem Post, February 3, 2005.

(E) ISRAELI OBLIGATION:  End actions considered to incite Palestinians and undermine trust

¨Israel has agreed to undertake goodwill gestures (such as the release of Palestinian prisoners, which is not obligated by the Road Map), as well as to halt actions that are considered provocative, such as:  deportations, destruction of Palestinian institutions and infrastructure, and other military measures.

¨ Israel released withheld tax and customs revenues

¨Israel consented to the transfer of supplies and equipment to the PA Security Forces, above and beyond that called for in the Israel-Palestinian agreements.

“...the Israeli defense establishment has handed over a new list of dozens of wanted members of Fatah's military wing, who were included in the 2007 amnesty agreement.... [O]ut of the 73 wanted men, 13 were given full amnesty providing them with complete freedom of movement. The other 60 were given freedom of movement in Area A or near the security headquarters they serve in.” — Ynet, June 10, 2010.

“Israel freed 198 Palestinian prisoners Monday, including the longest-serving Palestinian detainee in an Israeli jail, in a move Israeli officials said was meant to strengthen Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas.” — Washington Post, August 26, 2008.

“Despite the objection of coalition members Shas and Israel Beiteinu, the cabinet approved on Monday a list of 441 Palestinian prisoners to be released ahead of the Annapolis conference.” Jerusalem Post, November 19, 2007.

“Israel will free 400 Palestinian prisoners on Thursday in what Prime Minister Ariel Sharon has called an attempt to boost moderate Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas ahead of a Gaza withdrawal.” Haaretz, June 2, 2005.

“After a fierce debate about the release of prisoners 'with blood on their hands,' the committee settled on an immediate release of the 500 prisoners on Shin Bet's list after the summit in Egypt on Tuesday, and a subsequent release of another 400 prisoners in three months.”  Jerusalem Post, February 3, 2005.

“Israel released 159 Palestinian prisoners Monday as a gesture to the new Palestinian leadership.” – CBS, December 27, 2004.

Weisglass said that if there is a total halt to all forms of Palestinian violence against Israelis everywhere, Israel would refrain from all military activity. The only deviation from that would be for "ticking bombs," which would take place only under special circumstances and with approval from the political echelon.”Haaretz, January 27, 2005.

(F) ISRAELI OBLIGATION:  Work to improve the humanitarian situation in Gaza and West Bank

¨Agreed/ Initial actions underway.

¨Israel completely withdrew from the Gaza Strip, giving complete control within that area to the Palestinian Authority.

¨Reconvened the Bilateral Committees established in the Oslo Accords to address the ongoing needs of the Palestinian Authority.

¨Expanding economic cooperation.

“[Major Gen. Eitan Dangot] estimated that soon the capacity at the Kerem Shalom crossing point will reach 300 trucks per day.... The increase in materials entering Gaza supports 78 projects that are being implemented by the international community. Twenty-two projects are in education, 16 are water and sewage works, 10 agricultural and others in the field of housing, health and electricity. There has also been an increase of business people allowed to travel out of Gaza to conduct business in the West Bank and Israel in order to promote economic growth.” CNN, December 14, 2010.

“The Allenby Bridge crossing on the Israeli-Jordanian border will remain open 24 hours a day for the transfer of goods as part of the government's effort to ease the daily life of Palestinians residing in the West Bank. The decision, which was reached Wednesday [July 8] during a meeting of a ministerial committee headed by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Regional Development Minister Silvan Shalom, is also aimed at promoting a number of joint economic ventures with the Palestinian Authority (PA).” Ynet, July 8, 2009.

“Israel on Monday released 227 Palestinian prisoners as a gesture to Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas to mark the Muslim festival of Eid al-Adha.” Haaretz, December 15, 2008.

“Prepared by the IDF's Civil Administration, the report cites a three percent drop to 16% in Palestinian unemployment since the beginning of the year. In addition, the report cites a 24% increase in Palestinian average daily wages....Since the beginning of the year, the IDF has also removed 113 roadblocks and dirt mounds throughout the West Bank, enabling easier travel between Palestinian cities.” Jerusalem Post, December 1, 2008.

“IDF officials have met figures in the Palestinian Authority to coordinate passage of Palestinian farmers through the security barrier so that they can harvest their olive trees located on the Israeli side....In advance of the olive harvest, which runs from October through December, Israel has issued 3,000 permits to Palestinians so they can pass through the barrier; the gates will also be open for longer hours.” Jerusalem Post, October 6, 2008.

“Ten road blocks have been removed in the Hebron area to improve daily life for Palestinians.” — JTA, August 28, 2008.

“Israel also dismantled a large checkpoint south of Ramallah on Monday after removing two others in the West Bank in the past few days.” — Washington Post, August 26, 2008.

“Israel...removed a checkpoint in the...West Bank on Thursday that had curbed movement outside a main Palestinian city. It was the third such checkpoint Israel has removed this month.” — Reuters, August 21, 2008.

“The Israeli army said the checkpoint between the city of Hebron and a commercial crossing point into Israel would be open for trucks for six hours a day.” — Reuters, August 8, 2008.

“Israel is increasing the flow of supplies into Gaza as an Egyptian-mediated truce that began last Thursday holds.” —, June 22, 2008.

In accordance with directives from the political echelon, the IDF has formulated an extensive plan to ease restrictions for Palestinians in Judea, Samaria and the Jordan Valley. The plan will significantly improve Palestinian lives in the area. Israeli Foreign Ministry, June 3, 2008.

The last IDF vehicle rolled out of the Gaza Strip through the Kissufim crossing at 6:40 a.m. Monday, marking an end to 38 years of military presence in the area. Jerusalem Post, , 2005.

“Some 1,000 Palestinian workers from Gaza will be allowed to enter Israel and work. Several hundred businesspeople from Gaza and the West Bank will also be granted entry permits to Israel.” –  Haaretz, February 9, 2005.