The Madaba Map
is the oldest detailed cartographic
document in the world. Made about the
year 565 CE from more than two million
colored stone cubes, the map formed
the mosaic floor of a Byzantine
church in the biblical town of Medeba,
today Madaba in Jordan.
It depicted the Holy land from Lebanon
in the north to Egypt
in the south. Jerusalem,
the Holy City, constitutes the earliest
urban mapping known.