JEWISH MORNING JOURNAL (Yid. Der Morgen Zhornal), U.S. Yiddish daily. Founded in 1901 by the politically conservative and religiously Orthodox publisher Jacob Saphirstein, and edited by Peter Wiernik, the Morning Journal was for years New York City's only morning Yiddish paper. This resulted in it doing a highly profitable business in want ads. It was also unique in its support of the Republican Party. In 1916 it reached its peak circulation of 111,000. The same year Jacob *Fishman was appointed editor, and under his direction (1916–38) the paper took on a more liberal, intellectual tone. Among some of the prominent writers on Fishman's staff were the critics Bernard *Gorin and A. *Mukdoni, the poet Jacob *Glatstein, city editor Jacob *Magidov, and Gedaliah *Bublick, formerly editor of the Yidishes Tagblat. In common with the rest of the Yiddish press, the Morning Journal's readership declined steadily after World War I. In 1928 it absorbed the Yidishes Tagblat and in 1953 it merged with the *Jewish Day. In 1970 the circulation of The Day-Morning Journal was put at 50,000. It ceased publication in 1971.
J. Chaikin, Yidishe Bleter in Amerike (1946), index; J.L. Teller, Strangers and Natives (1968), index.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.