JEWISH MESSENGER, THE, New York weekly. Issued first in 1857 as a semimonthly produced by the pupils of the school conducted by the Rev. S.M. *Isaacs, The Jewish Messenger soon became a weekly, edited by Isaacs till his death in 1878. It took a traditionalist, anti-Reform position in religious matters and identified itself closely with the Board of Delegates of American Israelites. Before and during the Civil War it was strongly Abolitionist in viewpoint. On the death of S.M. Isaacs, the paper was taken over by his son Myer S. *Isaacs. Under his direction, its outlook became more favorable to Reform Judaism. The Jewish Messenger was absorbed by the American Hebrew in 1903.