JACOB, NAOMI ELLINGTON (Naomi Ellington Gray; 1889–1964), novelist of half-Jewish parentage whose varied career is reflected in a vast output of novels. She also wrote such autobiographical books as Me – In War-Time (1940). In her most ambitious work, The Gollantz Saga (1952), she portrayed the progressive assimilation of a Jewish family. Born in Ripon, Yorkshire, and originally a schoolteacher in Middlesbrough, she lost her job for wearing trousers; thereafter, she always wore men's clothes. In 1930 she moved to Italy, where she lived for the rest of her life.
ODNB; P. Bailey, Three Queer Lives: An Alternative Biography of Fred Barnes, Naomi Jacob, and Arthur Marshall (2002); E. Hamer, Britannia's Glory: A History of Twentieth Century Lesbians (1996).