FUKS, ALEXANDER (1917–1978), Israeli historian. Fuks was born in Wloclawiek, Poland, and joined the history faculty of the Hebrew University in 1949, being appointed professor of ancient history and classics in 1957. Fuks was the author of numerous scholarly articles, including studies of political life in classical Athens, and social revolution in Sparta in the Hellenistic period. His books include The Ancestral Constitution: Four Studies in Athenian Party Politics at the End of the Fifth Century B.C.E. (1971) and Social Conflict in Ancient Greece (1984). In the field of Jewish history, he wrote "Aspects of the Jewish Revolt in A.D. 115–117" (Journal of Roman Studies, 51 (1961), 98–104) and "The Jewish Revolt in Egypt (C.E. 115–117) in the Light of the Papyri" (Aegyptus, 33 (1953), 131–58). He collaborated with Victor *Tcherikover on the Corpus Papyrorum Judaicorum (3 vols., 1957–69), a collection of papyri written in Greek relating to Jews and Jewish affairs.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.