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Arab/Muslim Public Opinion Polls: Opinion Toward Normalization

(2020)

With an American initiative, UAE and Israel arrived at an agreement to normalize relations between the two countries in which Israel agreed to suspend or postpone theannexation of Palestinian areas in the West Bank. Do you see this agreement representing a great transformation in the region in its relations or Israel or do you see it as a minor issues that will have little consequences? (PSR, September 9-12, 2020)

 

Total

West Bank
Gaza

Minor

32%

25%
41%

great transformation

63%

57%
58%

Other: specify

0%

0%
0%
DK/NA
5%
7%
1%

 

In your view, does this agreement serve the interests of the Palestinians or the Israelis or both sides? (PSR, September 9-12, 2020)

 

Total

West Bank
Gaza

interests of Palestinians

1%

1%
3%

interests of Israel

86%

89%
83%
interests of both sides

8%

4%
13%

Other: specify

1%

2%
0%
DK/NA
3%
5%
1%

 

) If you want to pick a single word that describes your feeling toward the decision of UAE to normalize relations with Israel, you would say: (PSR, September 9-12, 2020)

 

Total

West Bank
Gaza

indifference

9%

9%
8%

let down

17%

16%
18%
joy

0%

0%
0%

insult

13%

11%
17%
pride
0%
0%
0%
betrayal
53%
57%
47%
satisfaction
1%
0%
1%
sadness
6%
5%
7%
DK/NA
2%
3%
0%

 

) In your view, does the majority of the public in the Arab World support or oppose the decision of the UAE to normalize relations with Israel in return for stopping or postponing the annexation of Palestinian territories in the West Bank? (PSR, September 9-12, 2020)

 

Total

West Bank
Gaza

support

20%

19%
22%

oppose

57%

61%
51%
indifferent

19%

15%
25%
DK/NA
4%
6%
1%

 

There are reports about the likelihood of other Arab countries, like Bahrain, Oman, Sudan, and Morocco, to reaching normalization agreements with Israel. Do you think some or all of these countries will indeed normalize relations with Israel in the near future despite continued Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories? (PSR, September 9-12, 2020)

 

Total

West Bank
Gaza

yes

70%

70%
69%

no

24%

20%
29%
DK/NA
7%
10%
2%

 

Do you think Saudi Arabia has given the green light for the UAE to normalize relations with Israel? (PSR, September 9-12, 2020)

 

Total

West Bank
Gaza

yes

80%

84%
74%

no

12%

6%
20%
DK/NA
8%
10%
6%

 

Do you think Saudi Arabia too will publicly reach a normalization agreement with Israel? (PSR, September 9-12, 2020)

 

Total

West Bank
Gaza

yes

82%

85%
78%

no

13%

8%
20%
DK/NA
5%
7%
3%

 

Egypt has welcomed the UAE-Israel normalization deal while the PA leadership has described the deal as a stabbing in the back of the Palestinian people. Do you view the Egyptian position as an abandonment of the Palestinian leadership led by Abbas? (PSR, September 9-12, 2020)

 

Total

West Bank
Gaza

yes

78%

81%
73%

no

18%

13%
26%
DK/NA
4%
6%
1%

 

Some say that we should not blame others and instead should blame ourselves first because of our split and second because we have recognized Israel and normalized relations with it before the UAE did that same thing. Do you agree or disagree with this view? (PSR, September 9-12, 2020)

 

Total

West Bank
Gaza

Agree

53%

54%
51%

Disagree

42%

37%
48%
DK/NA
6%
9%
1%

 

Similarly, some say that the decision by the UAE to violate the Arab consensus embodied in the Arab Peace Initiative is big failure for Palestinian diplomacy. Do you agree or disagree with this view?? (PSR, September 9-12, 2020)

 

Total

West Bank
Gaza

Agree

62%

59%
66%

Disagree

31%

30%
32%
DK/NA
8%
12%
2%

 

Do you support the normalization agreements between Israel and the Arab world? [Not exact wording] (Zogby Analytics, October 2020)

Country Yes
UAE 56%
Saudi Arabia 41%
Egypt 42%
Jordan 41%
Palestine 39%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: The following suvey was taken before the signing of the Abraham Accords.

At this point, in your opinion, how likely is it that some Arab states will develop normalized relations with Israel even without peace between Israel and the Palestinians? (Zogby Analytics, June 24 - July 5, 2020)

Country Likely Unlikely
UAE 76% 25%
Saudi Arabia 71% 29%
Egypt 69% 31%
Jordan 75% 25%
Palestine 55% 45%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In your opinion, how desirable is it that some Arab states develop normalized relations with Israel even without peace between Israel and the Palestinians? (Zogby Analytics, June 24 - July 5, 2020)

Country Desirable Undesirable
UAE 56% 44%
Saudi Arabia 41% 59%
Egypt 42% 58%
Jordan 41% 59%
Palestine 31% 69%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Major Factors for Viewing Normalization as “Desirable” (Zogby Analytics, June 24 - July 5, 2020)

Country #1 Reason #2 Reason
UAE Leverage Stop the Killing
Saudi Arabia Stop the Killing Resignation
Egypt Stop the Killing Resignation
Jordan Stop the Killing Resignation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If some Arab states do proceed with normalization, what areas, in your opinion, would be the most desirable to explore? [Select all that apply.] (Zogby Analytics, June 24 - July 5, 2020)

Country Egypt Jordan Saudi Arabia UAE Palestine
Mutually beneficial increases in trade and investment in health care and education 37% 25% 36% 44% 25%
Furthering shared interests around climate change, water and food security, technology and advanced science 32% 36% 40% 55% 34%
Working together to confront regional challenges from extremism to Iran 21% 27% 29% 36% 21%
Increased tourism 20% 18% 22% 21% 15%
None of these are desirable 26% 33% 30% 16% 34%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Sources: Neta Bar and Daniel Siryoti, “Poll finds growing support for ties with Israel in some Arab countries,” Israel Hayom, (October 12, 2020);
"The Annexation Debate," Zogby Research Services [undated] (Survey: June 24 - July 5, 2020