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Zborov

ZBOROV (Pol. Zborów), city in Tarnopol district, Ukraine. The Jewish community had considerable influence in Zborov in the 17th century. The peace treaty signed in Zborov in 1649 between John II Casimir and the Cossack rebel *Chmielnicki forbade Jews to live or work at *arenda (leaseholding) in the same towns in which Cossack troops were encamped. In 1689 King John III Sobieski gave the Jews rights equal to those of other citizens of the town, with the provision that all legal cases between Jews and gentiles be tried in government courts. Four market days were arranged each year to stimulate economic growth, and Jews were allowed to operate taverns if gentiles did not claim this privilege for themselves. There were 655 Jews in Zborov in 1765; 2,109 (54% of the total population) in 1880; 1,873 (46%) in 1890; 2,080 (40%) in 1910; and 1,184 (32%) in 1921. In the early 19th century Ẓevi Hirsh of Zborov (d. 1841) influenced the community toward Ḥasidism. In 1930 the Jewish quarter was damaged extensively by fire.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

N.N. Hannover, Yeven Mezulah (1966; map); B. Wasiutyński, Ludność żydowska w Polsce w wiekach XIX I XX (1930), 121, 130, 147.