Adopted in March 1978 five days after Israel launched Operation Peace for the Galillee, United Nations Security Council Resolution 425 established the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) and called for Israel to immediately withdraw its military forces from southern Lebanon. The resolution passed unanimously, though Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union abstained while China did not vote.
The Security Council,
Taking note of the letters of the Permanent Representative of Lebanon (S/12600 and S/12606) and the Permanent Representative of Israel (S/12607),
Having heard the statements of the Permanent Representatives of Lebanon and Israel,
Gravely concerned at the deterioration of the situation in the Middle East, and its consequences to the maintenance of international peace,
Convinced that the present situation impedes the achievement of a just peace in the Middle East, Calls for strict respect for the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence of Lebanon within its internationally recognized boundaries;
Calls upon Israel immediately to cease its military action against Lebanese territorial integrity and withdraw forthwith its forces from all Lebanese territory;
Decides, in the light of the request of the Government of Lebanon, to establish immediately under its authority a United Nations interim force for southern Lebanon for the purpose of confirming the withdrawal of Israeli forces, restoring international peace and security and assisting the Government of Lebanon in ensuring the return of its effective authority in the area, the force to be composed of personnel drawn from States Members of the United Nations.
Requests the SecretaryGeneral to report to the Council within twentyfour hours on the implementation of this resolution.
Sources: The Avalon Project