The United Kingdom formally adopted the definition of anti-Semitism agreed to at the May 2016 conference of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA). The IHRA’s definition reads: “Anti-Semitism is a certain perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jews. Rhetorical and physical manifestations of anti-Semitism are directed toward Jewish or non-Jewish individuals and/or their property, toward Jewish community institutions and religious facilities.”
The IHRA said the definition could include criticisms which target Israel, if this was “conceived as a Jewish collectivity.” It added: “However, criticism of Israel similar to that levelled against any other country cannot be regarded as anti-Semitic.” In addition, it could be considered anti-Semitic to accuse Jews of being more loyal to Israel or their religion than to their own nations, or to say the existence of Israel is intrinsically racist.
International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA)
UK adopts antisemitism definition to combat hate crime against Jews, theGuardian, (December 11, 2016).