The tourism industry in Israel is quite large, employing over 200,000 people (about 6% of Israel's work force). A fascinating tourist destination for many reasons, Israel is brimming with history and religious significance for many people. Popular tourist sites in Israel include The Western Wall, Jerusalem's Old City, The Temple Mount, Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Masada, and the grave of Rabbi Simeon bar Yochai.
The most visited city in Israel is Jerusalem, which recieves approximately 3.4 million tourists annually. Holding profound significance in all three of the world's major religions, Jerusalem contains many historical, archaeological, and religiously significant attractions that all individuals can enjoy. Tel Aviv is Israel's second most visited city, and in 2010 was ranked as one of National Geographic's top 10 best beach cities. Known for it's intense party atmosphere and reputation as the Middle East's "city that never sleeps," Tel Aviv is a popular destination for young people looking for a night out.
Israeli cities Tel Aviv and Jerusalem were ranked the 17th and 28th best cities in the world by the readers of Conde Nast travel magazine, published in their October 2016 issue. To view the full list of the top 30 countries ranked by Conde Nast readers, please click here.
Citing high price competition and security concerns, the World Economic Forum ranked Israel #61 out of 141 countries in their 2017 tourism competitveness index. Israel was ranked as #72 in 2015.
Operation Protective Edge significantly hurt the tourism industry in Israel during 2014. In the first half of 2014, in the months leading up to the Summer war, Israel tourism had increased an average of 8% per month compared to 2013's numbers. At the rate that it was going, 2014's tourism statistics were set to outpace the record numbers set in 2013. During the last half of the year due to the threat of conflict with militants in the Gaza Strip, Israel experienced a 24% decline in visitor entries and ended the year about 4 million short of the mark set during the previous year.
Tourism numbers in 2015 were comparable to tourism numbers years immediately previous, said Anat Aronson, spokesperson for the Israeli Tourism Ministry. Aronson said that 2015's numbers were weaker than expected because of economic hardship in Russia and Eastern Europe. Americans were the largest group of visitors to Israel, accounting for 20% of the 2,799,000 tourists arriving in Israel in 2015.
An estimated 50,000 Chinese tourists visited Israel in 2015, rising 43% from the number of Chinese tourists in 2014. The number of tourists from India also increased dramatically, with 40,000 Indian nationals vacationing in Israel in 2015.
Tourism to Israel in 2016 rose by 3.6% compared to 2015, as the country welcomed 2.9 million tourists. Israel's Minister of Tourism, Yariv Levin, attributed the rise in visitors to the Tourism Ministry's increased marketing efforts. During 2016, 60% of tourists visited Israel independently instead of with a group trip, reversing a trend from previous years.
Tourism from China continued to boom in 2016, increasing by 69% over 2015. Israel also saw a 62% rise in Croatian tourists, a 41% rise in Belarusian, Latvian, and Georgian tourists, a 35% rise in Malaysian tourists, and a 13% rise in tourists from India during 2016.
The United States sent 648,310 tourists to Israel in 2016, 5% more than 2015 and 8% more than 2014.
Israel experienced a general boom in tourism during 2017, with an all-time record high of 3.6 million tourists visiting the country. Most of these tourists came from the United States (700,000), Russia (307,000), France (284,000), and Germany (202,000). Chinese tourism to Israel continued it's upward trend as well, with 105,000 Chinese tourists visiting Israel in 2017. Tourism to Israel in 2017 increased 25% over 2016, and the Israeli Ministry of Tourism estimates that tourism in 2017 generated NIS 20 billion for the economy.
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Tourism 1990-2011 Brochure
Click here to view the "Tourism in Israel 1990-2011" brochure published by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics and Israel Ministry of Tourism.
Sources: Central Bureau of Statistics;
“Israel drops in tourism rankings due to high prices and security concerns,” Haaretz (May 10, 2015);
Central Bureau of Statistics;
Sara Stub. “Tourism to Israel fell slightly in 2014,” The Wall Street Journal (January 11, 2015);
Michal Raz-Chaimovich. “Tourism to Israel up 3.6% in 2016,” Globes (January 9, 2017);
Tourist entries to Israel up 20% in August, Globes (September 12, 2017);
Record 3.6m tourists visit Israel in 2017, Globes, (December 27, 2017).