SMOLI (formerly Smoler), ELIEZER (1901–1985), Hebrew writer. Born in Volhynia, Smoli immigrated to Palestine in 1920 with a group of pioneers, and graduated from a teachers' seminary in Jerusalem (1923). From 1948 he was supervisor of schools for the Sharon region. Smoli was encouraged by Asher *Barash to write fiction instead of poetry, and his stories were published in the daily Davar and in Davar li-Yladim.
His books, which manifest his love for the land and for the early pioneers, were the first of their kind. Notable among them is Anshei Bereshit (1933; 19637); an English translation entitled Frontiersmen of Israel appeared in 1964. Smoli also wrote Or ba-Galil (1939; 19567); Bein Sheki'ah li-Zeriḥah (1946); Bein Ḥermon ve-Gilbo'a (1946; Between the Hermon and Gilboa, 1946); Yafah at Arẓenu (1948; 19635); Laylah ba-Mishlat (1951); Olam ha-Ḥayyot (1952); and several works on plant and animal life in Israel.
Kressel, Leksikon, 2 (1967), 945.