PAP, KÁROLY (1897–1945), Hungarian author. Born in Sopron, where his father Miksa *Pollák was the rabbi of the Neolog community, Pap was an officer in the Austro-Hungarian army during World War I and was decorated for bravery. After demobilization, he joined Béla *Kun's October Revolution and became a Hungarian Red Army commander. On the collapse of the revolution he was arrested, reduced to the ranks, and condemned to 18 months' imprisonment. After his release he left the country until 1925. Then, settling in Budapest, he began writing poetry and stories. He soon became known as a short story writer, but wishing to remain independent, he refused to take any employment.
Pap's first novel, Megszabaditottál a haláltól ("Thou Hast Delivered Me from Death," 1932), which dealt with a popular
During World War II the Budapest Jewish Theater performed two biblical plays by Pap: Bathsheba (1940) and Moses (1944). In May 1944 he was sent to a labor camp. From there he refused to escape and was deported to Buchenwald, and is presumed to have died in Bergen-Belsen. Three works which appeared posthumously were A szűziesség fátylai ("The Veils of Chastity," 1945), A hószobor ("The Snow Statue," 1954) and B városában történt ("It Happened in the City B," 2 vols., 1964).
Magyar Irodalmi Lexikon, 2 (1965), 433–4; D. Keresztúry, in: Pap Károly, A hószobor (1954), introd.; A. Komlós, in: Nyugat, 2 (1935), 41–43.