PALGRAVE, English family. SIR FRANCIS (1788–1861) was an English historian. The son of a London stockbroker named Meyer Cohen, Palgrave was an infant prodigy and, at the age of eight, made a French translation of The Battle of the Frogs and the Mice, a Greek classic attributed to Homer, which was published by his father (1797). When he married a non-Jew in 1823 he became a Christian and adopted his mother-in-law's maiden name. In 1827 he qualified as a barrister, but displayed increasing interest in English history and his plans for the publication of the national records were officially approved. Knighted in 1832, Palgrave became first deputy keeper of the Public Records in 1838, retaining the post until his death. In this capacity he was in effect the chief organizer of the Public Record Office and distinguished himself as the first English historian to make systematic use of medieval records. His two outstanding works were The Rise and Progress of the English Commonwealth (1832) and The History of Normandy and England (4 vols., 1851–64). Francis Palgrave's four sons also gained renown in various spheres. SIR FRANCIS TURNER (1824–1897)
R.H. Emden, Jews of Britain (1943), 77–82: Edwards, in: J.M. Shaftesley (ed.), Remember the Days. Essays… Presented to Cecil Roth (1966), 303–22; E. Elath, Britanniah u-Netiveha le-Hodu (1971), 164–5. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online; M. Allan, Palgrave of Arabia: The Life of William Gifford Palgrave, 1826–1888 (1972); B. Braude, "The Heine-Disraeli Syndrome Among the Pal-graves of Victorian England," in: Todd M. Endelman (ed.), Jewish Apostasy in the Modern World (1987), 108–41.